Liverpool West Derby (UK Parliament constituency)
|Liverpool, West Derby|
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Liverpool, West Derby in Merseyside.
Location of Merseyside within England.
|Electorate||62,709 (December 2010)|
|Member of Parliament||Stephen Twigg (Labour Co-operative)|
|Number of members||One|
|European Parliament constituency||North West England|
1885-1918: The Municipal Borough of Liverpool ward of West Derby.
1918-1950: The County Borough of Liverpool wards of Anfield, Breckfield, and West Derby.
1950-1955: The County Borough of Liverpool wards of Croxteth and West Derby.
1955-1983: The County Borough of Liverpool wards of Clubmoor, Croxteth, Dovecot, and Gillmoss.
1983-1997: The City of Liverpool wards of Clubmoor, Croxteth, Dovecot, Gillmoss, and Pirrie.
1997-2010: The City of Liverpool wards of Clubmoor, Croxteth, Dovecot, Gillmoss, Pirrie, and Tuebrook.
2010–present: The City of Liverpool wards of Croxteth, Knotty Ash, Norris Green, Tuebrook and Stoneycroft, West Derby, and Yew Tree.
The constituency is one of five covering the city of Liverpool and covers the northeast of the city, including Croxteth, Gillmoss, Knotty Ash, Norris Green, Tuebrook, and Stoneycroft as well as West Derby itself.
Following their review of parliamentary representation in Merseyside, the Boundary Commission created a modified West Derby constituency, which was fought at the 2010 general election. The commission's initial proposal to create a cross-border "Croxteth and Kirkby" constituency (which would have contained electoral wards from Knowsley borough, as well as from Liverpool) was dropped on its public consultation.
The seat was created in the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 and can be considered a safe seat from 1964 to the present day for the Labour Party, having retained the seat at every general election since then. However, in the early-1980s, it was briefly held by the SDP as a result of sitting Labour MP Eric Ogden being among many defectors.[n 3] Labour regained the seat at the 1983 general election, where Bob Wareing won the seat back for Labour.
Before 1964, it was held by the Conservative Party, although their share of the vote has declined considerably; so much so that at four recent general elections, they have finished in fourth place; however they managed to place in third at the 2015 general election.
At the general elections of 1997 and 2001, the Liverpool West Derby seat was the only constituency in England in which a minor party finished in second place, the Liberal Party who had[n 4] all three local councillors for one electoral ward in the area. At the 2005 general election, however, the Liberals were pushed into third place by the Liberal Democrats and fell to fourth place in 2015, with UKIP finishing in second place.
- Sir F E Smith
Sir Frederick Edwin Smith, then Solicitor-General in the David Lloyd George Coalition Government, was returned for Liverpool West Derby at the 1918 general election; when constituency reorganisation abolished his former neighbouring Walton seat. He sat for only two months, being promoted Lord Chancellor and raised to the peerage as Lord Birkenhead in February 1919. He was the first of two MPs for this seat to achieve the highest legal office.
- David Maxwell Fyfe
Maxwell Fyfe, KC, MP from 1935-54 (including World War II) became the highest judge in the country, the Lord Chancellor, having been the Attorney General and Solicitor General for England and Wales. He helped to co-write the European Convention on Human Rights and was one of the key prosecutors at the Nuremberg Trials jointly with the (Labour-member) prosecutor Sir Hartley Shawcross. At this task was a "capable lawyer, efficient administrator and concerned housemaster". There were misgivings in some quarters as to how Fyfe would perform, cross-examination not being regarded as one of his strengths. However his cross-examination of Hermann Göring is one of the most noted cross-examinations in history. "Faced with sustained and methodical competence rather than brilliance, Goering...[n 5] crumbled".
- Stephen Twigg
Stephen Twigg ousted Michael Portillo in the normally right-leaning Enfield Southgate seat and represented it from 1997 until the 2005 general election; briefly serving as schools minister before that year's general election, which he lost, before five years later, standing for this normally left-leaning seat in Liverpool.
Members of ParliamentEdit
Elections in the 2010sEdit
Incumbent MP, Stephen Twigg (Labour), is not seeking reelection at the next general election.
|Liberal Democrat||Paul Twigger-Parr|
|Labour Co-op||Stephen Twigg||37,371||82.8||+7.6|
|Liberal Democrat||Paul Twigger-Parr||545||1.2||-1.1|
|Labour Co-op hold||Swing||+2.2|
Paul Twigger-Parr was also the Liberal Democrat candidate at both the 2010 and 2015 general elections, when he was known as Paul Twigger. Graham Hughes ran on an anti-Brexit platform as an independent in 2017, and subsequently joined the Liberal Democrats.
|Labour Co-op||Stephen Twigg||30,842||75.2||+11.0|
|Liberal Democrat||Paul Twigger||959||2.3||−10.2|
|Labour Co-op hold||Swing||−2.8|
|Labour Co-op||Stephen Twigg||22,953||64.1||+3.6|
|Liberal Democrat||Paul Twigger||4,486||12.5||−2.7|
|Socialist Labour||Kai Anderson||614||1.7||−0.6|
|Labour Co-op hold||Swing||+3.2|
Elections in the 2000sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||Patrick Moloney||3,915||12.85||+2.0|
|Socialist Labour||Kai Anderson||698||2.3||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat||Patrick Moloney||3,366||10.9||+1.9|
Elections in the 1990sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||Ann Hines||3,805||9.0||−3.2|
|Conservative||Neil C. Morgan||3,656||8.7||−7.9|
|Referendum||Peter R. Forrest||657||1.6||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat||Gillian Bundred||4,838||12.2||−3.3|
|Natural Law||Christopher Higgins||154||0.4||N/A|
Elections in the 1980sEdit
|Social Democratic||Malcolm Ferguson||6,897||15.5||−2.5|
|Conservative||William M. Trelawney||12,062||27.5|
|Social Democratic||Eric Ogden||7,871||18.0|
Elections in the 1970sEdit
|Conservative||D P M Hudson||14,356||35.3||+6.4|
Elections in the 1960sEdit
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing|
Elections in the 1950sEdit
|Labour Co-op||Cyril Rawlett Fenton||18,540||46.74||-1.34|
|Labour Co-op||Cyril Rawlett Fenton||18,650||46.85||-1.54|
|Conservative||David Maxwell Fyfe||27,441||51.61|
|Labour||Lewis C. Edwards||25,734||48.39|
|Conservative||David Maxwell Fyfe||27,449||51.92||-2.35|
Elections in the 1940sEdit
|Conservative||David Maxwell Fyfe||21,798||54.27|
|Labour Co-op||Richard Lewis||18,370||45.73|
Elections in the 1930sEdit
|Conservative||David Maxwell Fyfe||21,196||58.35|
|Liberal||Douglas K. Mitchell||4,911||13.52|
|Conservative||John Sandeman Allen||32,202||78.01|
Elections in the 1920sEdit
|Unionist||John Sandeman Allen||16,794||42.7||−9.8|
|Labour||William Harvey Moore||14,124||36.0||+6.4|
|Liberal||Arthur Probyn Jones||8,368||21.3||+3.4|
|Unionist||John Sandeman Allen||15,667||52.5||+6.7|
|Labour||Thomas Gallon Adams||8,807||29.6||N/A|
|Unionist gain from Liberal||Swing||+21.5|
|Liberal gain from Unionist||Swing||N/A|
|Labour||David Rowland Williams||6,785||29.5||−3.1|
Elections in the 1910sEdit
|C||Unionist||William Reginald Hall||6,062||56.5||−10.9|
|C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.|
|C||Unionist||F. E. Smith||11,622||67.4||+4.9|
|C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.|
|Liberal||William John Lias||2,943||37.5||−4.0|
|Liberal||William John Lias||3,682||41.5||+1.7|
Elections in the 1900sEdit
|Liberal||Richard Durning Holt||3,600||39.8||N/A|
|Liberal||Richard Durning Holt||3,251||37.3||N/A|
|Conservative||Samuel Wasse Higginbottom||Unopposed|
Elections in the 1890sEdit
|Liberal||Daniel Shilton Collin||2,275||38.5||−3.1|
- Caused by Cross' death.
|Liberal||Frederick R Smith||2,925||41.6||+3.2|
Elections in the 1880sEdit
- Caused by Hamilton's resignation.
|Conservative win (new seat)|
Notes and referencesEdit
- A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
- See Labour Party (UK), who at the time called for withdrawal from the EEC (the Common Market) and removal of nuclear weapons during the Cold War. These considerable defections caused Labour to change its policies.
- Terms of office to date: 2003-2015
- Alternative spelling for Göring
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- "Find Councillor". 16 June 2017.
- Tusa & Tusa (1983), p.136.
- Dutton (2004)
- Tusa & Tusa, p.287.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "W" (part 2)
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Liverpool West Derby". BBC News. Retrieved 10 May 2015.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- The Times' Guide to the House of Commons. 1955.
- British parliamentary election results 1918-1949, Craig, F.W.S.
- Craig, FWS, ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 9781349022984.
- Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
- ‘LIAS, William John’, Who Was Who, A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc, 1920–2016; online edn, Oxford University Press, 2014 ; online edn, April 2014 accessed 11 Oct 2017
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
- The Constitutional Year Book, 1904, published by Conservative Central Office, page 170 (194 in web page)
- Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1896
- "Markfield". Leicester Chronicle. 25 Jun 1892. p. 8. Retrieved 22 November 2017.
- "General Election". Liverpool Mercury. 3 July 1886. pp. 5–6. Retrieved 3 December 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1886