Liverpool was a borough constituency in the county of Lancashire of the House of Commons for the Parliament of England to 1706 then of the Parliament of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800 and of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1885. It was represented by two Members of Parliament (MPs). In 1868, this was increased to three Members of Parliament.
The borough franchise was held by the
freemen of the borough. Each elector had as many votes as there were seats to be filled. Votes had to be cast by a spoken declaration, in public, at the hustings. In 1800 there were around 3000 electors, with elections in this seat being nearly always contested.
The borough returned several notable Members of Parliament including Prime Minister
George Canning, William Huskisson, President of the Board of Trade, Banastre Tarleton, noted soldier in the American War of Independence and most notably, William Roscoe the abolitionist and Anti Slave Trade campaigner.
The constituency was abolished in 1885, the city being split into nine divisions of
Abercromby, East Toxteth, Everton, Exchange, Kirkdale, Scotland, Walton, West Derby and West Toxteth.
The borough of Liverpool exercised the privilege of sending two members to Parliament in 1295 and 1307, but then for 240 years the right was wholly suspended. In the first Parliament of Edward VI, which met 4 November 1547, though Elective Franchise was restored to the two Lancashire boroughs of Liverpool and Wigan and has since continued almost without further interruption.
Representation was increased to three Members in 1868 and the constituency abolished in 1885, to be replaced by the nine new constituencies of Abercromby, East Toxteth, Everton, Exchange, Kirkdale, Scotland, Walton, West Derby and West Toxteth.
Members of Parliament
Constituency increased to three Members ( 1868) Elections
Huskisson's death caused a by-election.
The by-election was declared void but no new writ was issued before dissolution
Denison was also elected for
Nottinghamshire and chose to sit there, causing a by-election.
Cresswell resigned after being appointed a judge of the
Court of Common Pleas, causing a by-election.
Election declared void on petition, due to bribery and treating by Mackenzie and Turner, causing a by-election.
Liddell succeeded to the peerage, becoming 2nd Baron Ravensworth and causing a by-election.
Seat increased to three members
Graves' death caused a by-election.
Ryder was appointed
Vice-President of the Committee of the Council on Education, requiring a by-election.
Torr's death caused a by-election.
Ramsay succeeded to the peerage, becoming Earl of Dalhousie, causing a by-election.
Ryder succeeded to the peerage, becoming Earl of Harrowby, causing a by-election.
Notes and references
^ Wynn died in July 1649, and a by-election was held to replace him.
^ Knighted 1708.
^ Changed his surname to Salusbury on inheriting an estate from his father-in-law in 1734.
^ Created a baronet, March 1759.
^ The future Prime Minister (in 1827), the Right Hon. George Canning was also returned in 1812 for the Irish borough of
Sligo. He elected to sit for Liverpool.
^ Denison was also elected for
Nottinghamshire, which he chose to represent, and never sat for Liverpool.
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