Liverpool Exchange (UK Parliament constituency)
Liverpool Exchange was a borough constituency within the city of Liverpool in England, centred on Liverpool Exchange railway station. It returned one Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, elected by the first past the post system.
|Former Borough constituency|
for the House of Commons
|Number of members||One|
|Replaced by||Liverpool Scotland Exchange|
The constituency was created under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 for the 1885 general election. It was abolished for the February 1974 election, when it was merged with Liverpool Scotland to form Liverpool Scotland Exchange.
The constituency covered the centre of the city of Liverpool, bordering on the River Mersey. It included the commercial area of the city, as well as poorer housing. It originally consisted of the wards of Vauxhall, St Ann Street, Lime Street, Exchange, and St Paul's.
The Exchange Ward, with a significant Conservative business vote, was combined with the St Anne's and Vauxhall wards (which were more Liberal and contained a substantial Irish vote).
The Scotland division, to the north of this seat, was more heavily Irish and returned an Irish Nationalist MP. Exchange was a Liberal/Conservative and Allies marginal constituency and its elections were influenced by what guidance the electors were given by Nationalist leaders.
In this period the seat was defined as comprising the Abercromby, Castle Street, Exchange, Great George, St Anne's, St Peter's, and Vauxhall wards.
In this era the area was represented by Conservative Members of Parliament, until the Labour Party captured the seat in 1945.
Brunswick, and Granby wards were added to those previously in the seat.
The constituency comprised Abercromby, Central, Granby, Low Hill, and St James wards.
In the redistribution which took effect in 1974, this seat disappeared. However the successor constituency was named Liverpool Scotland Exchange, combining as it did the central and northern riverside parts of the city.
Members of ParliamentEdit
Elections in the 1880sEdit
|Conservative||Laurence Richardson Baily||2,964||50.2||N/A|
|Independent Liberal||Thomas English Stephens||36||0.6||N/A|
|Conservative win (new seat)|
- O'Shea had originally announced his intention to stand as an Irish Nationalist candidate. When he later secured the support of the Liberal Party, Stephens retired in favour of him.
|Conservative||Laurence Richardson Baily||2,750||48.5||−1.7|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+2.0|
Duncan's death caused a by-election.
|Liberal Unionist||George Goschen||3,210||49.9||+1.4|
Elections in the 1890sEdit
|Liberal Unionist||John Bigham||2,655||49.4||+0.9|
|Liberal Unionist||John Bigham||2,884||52.3||+2.9|
|Liberal Unionist gain from Liberal||Swing||+2.9|
Bigham is appointed a judge on the Queen's Bench division of the High Court of Justice, and resigned.
|Liberal Unionist||Charles McArthur||2,711||50.5||−1.8|
|Liberal Unionist hold||Swing||−1.8|
Elections in the 1900sEdit
|Liberal Unionist||Charles McArthur||2,811||65.0||+12.7|
|Liberal Unionist hold||Swing||+12.7|
|Liberal Unionist||Charles McArthur||2,170||48.6||−16.4|
|Liberal gain from Liberal Unionist||Swing||+16.4|
Elections in the 1910sEdit
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+3.3|
General Election 1914/15:
Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;
- Unionist: Leslie Scott
|Irish Nationalist||Austin Harford||8,225||44.4||n/a|
|C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.|
Elections in the 1920sEdit
|Irish Nationalist||Joseph Devlin||12,614||44.6||n/a|
|Irish Nationalist||William Grogan||10,322||49.5||+4.9|
|Labour||William Albert Robinson||16,970||49.7||n/a|
Elections in the 1930sEdit
General Election 1939/40
Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the Autumn of 1939, the following candidates had been selected;
- Conservative: John Shute
Elections in the 1940sEdit
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||+9.2|
Elections in the 1950sEdit
|Independent Labour||A.G. Cleather||381||1.1||n/a|
|Conservative||John O. Tiernan||13,052||39.6||−2.0|
|Conservative||Anne Elizabeth Papworth||12,271||35.4||−4.2|
|Independent Labour||Lawrence Murphy||2,928||8.4||N/A|
Elections in the 1960sEdit
|Conservative||Barry Vincent Groombridge||5,372||26.3||−3.6|
Elections in the 1970sEdit
|Conservative||Anthony G. Phillips||4,638||25.2||−1.1|
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "E" (part 2)
- Craig, F. W. S. (1983) . British parliamentary election results 1885–1918 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 141. ISBN 0-900178-27-2.
- Craig, F. W. S. (1983) . British parliamentary election results 1918–1949 (3rd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 176. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1885–1918, FWS Craig
- The Liberal Year Book, 1907
- Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1886
- The Constitutional Year Book, 1904, published by Conservative Central Office, page 170 (194 in web page)
- Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
- Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1918–1949, FWS Craig
- British Parliamentary Election Results 195–1973, FWS Craig
- The Times House of Commons, 1950–70