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Knowsley (UK Parliament constituency)

HistoryEdit

Created for the 2010 general election (during the Boundary Commission for England's Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies[2]), the area returned the second highest share of the vote seen by a candidate for the Labour Party, of 70.9%, behind the 72.0% achieved in Liverpool Walton. The same ranking of results nationally occurred in 2015.[3] It ranked foremost by party majority in 2017, where it was followed directly by East Ham and 28 other seats won by Labour candidates, after which followed North East Hampshire.[4]

BoundariesEdit

The new constituency covers a large part of the metropolitan borough, main settlements being Huyton and Kirkby. It replaced most of the previous Knowsley South constituency, as well as the parts of Knowsley North and Sefton East in the Knowsley borough. Distant parts from the centre of the metropolitan borough are covered by the new St Helens South and Whiston and Garston and Halewood constituencies.

The seat has electoral wards:

Constituency profileEdit

Before its first general election in 2010, it was believed to present the safest seat in the country, with an estimated Labour majority of 24,333 votes.[5] In 2015, it became the safest seat in the country in absolute votes (not percentage of majority), beating East Ham by 403 votes. Narrowly neighbouring Liverpool Walton has the highest percentage of majority.

In 2017, it became the seat with the highest majority for any British Member of Parliament since the advent of universal suffrage, with Howarth winning a majority of 42,214 votes for Labour, surpassing the 36,230-vote majority held by then-Conservative Prime Minister John Major in his Huntingdon constituency in 1992.

The constituency mainly consists of low-income social housing and former social housing built to decant the residents displaced by post-war slum clearance in Liverpool. It includes Huyton to the south (once represented by Prime Minister Harold Wilson) and Kirkby to the north. Between them is the green space of Knowsley Hall and Park, the ancestral home of the Earls of Derby and the site of Knowsley Safari Park. In 2010, The Guardian summarised the area as "One of the most deprived areas in the country. The new parliamentary constituency folds in Knowsley North and Knowsley South."[6]

Although the constitutency voted to leave the European Union in 2016, an analysis of YouGov polling by Focaldata suggested support for Remain had risen from 47.6% to 61% in August 2018.[7]

Members of ParliamentEdit

Election Member[8] Party
2010 George Howarth Labour

ElectionsEdit

Elections in the 2010sEdit

Next United Kingdom general election: Knowsley
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Michael Seed[9]
General election 2017: Knowsley[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour George Howarth 47,351 85.3   7.2
Conservative James Spencer 5,137 9.3   2.7
UKIP Neil Miney 1,285 2.3   7.5
Liberal Democrat Carl Cashman 1,189 2.1   0.8
Green Steve Baines 521 0.9   1.6
Majority 42,214 76.1   7.8
Turnout 55,483 67.8   3.7
Labour hold Swing   2.3
General election 2015: Knowsley[11][12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour George Howarth 39,628 78.1 +7.2
UKIP Louise Bours 4,973 9.8 +7.2
Conservative Alice Bramall 3,367 6.6 -2.3
Liberal Democrat Carl Cashman 1,490 2.9 -10.4
Green Vikki Gregorich 1,270 2.5 N/A
Majority 34,655 68.3 +10.8
Turnout 50,728 64.1 +8.0
Labour hold Swing  
General election 2010: Knowsley[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour George Howarth* 31,650 70.9 -0.9
Liberal Democrat Flo Clucas 5,964 13.4 -0.4
Conservative David Dunne 4,004 9.0 -2.3
BNP Steven Greenhalgh 1,895 4.2 +2.2
UKIP Anthony Rundle 1,145 2.6 +2.6
Majority 25,690 57.5
Turnout 44,654 56.1 +2.3
Labour hold Swing -0.2
* Served as an MP in the 2005–2010 Parliament

See alsoEdit

Notes and referencesEdit

Notes
  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
  2. ^ Knowsley Boundary Commission for England
  3. ^ The respective percentages became 68.3% and 72.3% List of Labour MPs elected in 2015 by % majority UK Political.info. Retrieved 2017-01-29
  4. ^ Baker, Carl; Hawkins, Oliver; Audickas, Lukas; Bate, Alex; Cracknell, Richard; Apostolova, Vyara; Dempsey, Noel; McInnes, Roderick; Rutherford, Tom; Uberoi, Elise (2019-01-29). "General Election 2017: full results and analysis". parliament.uk. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  5. ^ "Altered Constituencies Data". The Guardian. 22 January 2010.
  6. ^ "Knowsley". guardian.co.uk.
  7. ^ Savage, Michael (11 August 2018). "More than 100 seats that backed Brexit now want to remain in EU". The Observer.
  8. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "K" (part 2)
  9. ^ http://liberal.org.uk//
  10. ^ "General Election 2017: who is standing for election". Liverpool Echo. 11 May 2017.
  11. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  12. ^ "Knowsley". BBC News. Retrieved 10 May 2015.
  13. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.