Liverpool Wavertree (UK Parliament constituency)
Liverpool, Wavertree is a borough constituency[n 1] of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.[n 2] It was created in 1997 and every election since has been won by a Labour Party candidate. The constituency is represented by Luciana Berger, an Independent MP, who having resigned her membership of the Labour Party on 19 February 2019 along with six other MPs, founded Change UK, but left the party on 4 June 2019.
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Liverpool, Wavertree in Merseyside.
Location of Merseyside within England.
|Electorate||61,679 (December 2010)|
|Member of Parliament||Luciana Berger (Independent)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Liverpool Broadgreen, Liverpool Mossley Hill|
|Number of members||One|
|Type of constituency||Borough constituency|
|Replaced by||Liverpool Broadgreen, Liverpool Mossley Hill and Liverpool Garston|
|Created from||Liverpool East Toxteth and Liverpool Walton|
|European Parliament constituency||North West England|
An earlier constituency of the same name existed between 1918 and 1983, but lay further to the south-east, and was a predominantly Conservative seat.
1918–1950: The County Borough of Liverpool wards of Allerton, Childwall and Little Woolton, Garston, Much Woolton, Wavertree, and Wavertree West.
1950–1983: The County Borough of Liverpool wards of Old Swan, Wavertree, and Wavertree West.
1997–2010: The City of Liverpool wards of Broadgreen, Childwall, Church, Kensington, Old Swan, and Picton.
2010–present: The City of Liverpool wards of Childwall, Church, Kensington and Fairfield, Old Swan, Picton, and Wavertree.
The constituency is one of five covering the city of Liverpool, and covers the localities in the eastern parts of the city such as Wavertree, Broadgreen, Childwall, Edge Hill, Kensington, Fairfield, part of Mossley Hill and Old Swan.
The present Liverpool Wavertree constituency dates from 1997. It contained parts of the former constituencies of Liverpool Broadgreen and Liverpool Mossley Hill. It was held by Jane Kennedy of the Labour Party from 1997-2010, who was also the former MP for Liverpool Broadgreen. The Liberal Democrats are the main and realistic challenge to Labour since 1997, as is the case in other Liverpool constituencies. At the 2005 general election, the Labour lead over the Liberal Democrats was cut from 38 points to 15 points. At the 2010 general election, Jane Kennedy retired, and Luciana Berger was selected as the official Labour candidate, which caused some friction in the local CLP; especially due to her close connection with Kennedy.
An earlier Liverpool Wavertree constituency existed until 1983; this was further to the south-east in the city and was predominantly a Conservative seat, occasionally with large majorities. It had been created in 1918, but a declining population in the 1970s caused it to be split between Liverpool Garston and the newly-formed Liverpool Broadgreen and Liverpool Mossley Hill constituencies. While the Conservatives have fared badly in the new Wavertree constituency (polling under 7% at the 2005 general election), a direct comparison must take into account the differing boundaries since the 1997 recreation, with more inner-city areas, home to constituents on a lower income than the average in the North West and traditionally less sympathetic to Conservative policies. The 2015 general election result made the seat the seventh-safest of Labour's 232 seats by percentage of majority.
At the 2010 general election, the Liberal Democrats targeting of the seat led to high turnout however it was comfortably retained by Labour with a 2.1% swing away from the Liberal Democrats. The unexpected turnout led unusually to one polling station running out of ballot papers.
Members of ParliamentEdit
Elections in the 2010sEdit
|Labour Co-op||Luciana Berger||34,717||79.5||+10.2|
|Liberal Democrat||Richard Kemp||2,858||6.5||+0.5|
|Labour Co-op hold||Swing||+4.1|
|Labour Co-op||Luciana Berger||28,401||69.3||+16.2|
|Liberal Democrat||Leo Evans||2,454||6.0||-28.2|
|Labour Co-op hold||Swing||+6.9|
|Labour Co-op||Luciana Berger||20,132||53.1||+0.7|
|Liberal Democrat||Colin Eldridge||12,965||34.2||−3.5|
|Socialist Labour||Kim Singleton||200||0.5||−0.2|
|Labour Co-op hold||Swing||+2.1|
Elections in the 2000sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||Colin Eldridge||13,268||37.7||+13.3|
|Conservative||Jason W. Steen||2,331||6.6||−3.0|
|UKIP||Mark E. Bill||660||1.9||+0.8|
|Socialist Labour||Gary Theys||244||0.7||−0.4|
|Democratic Socialist Alliance||Paul Filby||227||0.6||−0.5|
|Liberal Democrat||Christopher Newby||7,836||24.4||+2.9|
|Socialist Labour||Michael Lane||359||1.1||N/A|
|Socialist Alliance||Mark O'Brien||349||1.1||N/A|
Elections in the 1990sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||Richard C. Kemp||9,891||21.5||−13.2|
|Referendum||Peter A. Worthington||576||1.3||N/A|
|ProLife Alliance||Racheal A. Kingsley||346||0.8||N/A|
|Workers Revolutionary||Carole Corkhill||178||0.4||N/A|
|Labour win (new seat)|
Elections in the 1970sEdit
|Liberal||C. W. Roberts||6,705||15.5|
Elections in the 1960sEdit
Elections in the 1950sEdit
|Liberal||Tom Stuttard Rothwell||5,161||12.24|
|Liberal||Thomas John Vernon Parry||5,512||10.97|
Elections in the 1940sEdit
|Labour||Derek Maurice Van Abbé||20,249||38.4||−3.1|
|Liberal||Leslie Hall Storey||7,063||13.4||N/A|
A general election was planned for 1939/1940 but was postponed because of war. By the end of 1939, the following candidates had been selected;
Elections in the 1930sEdit
|Conservative||Peter Stapleton Shaw||26,915||58.5||+27.3|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing||+10.6|
|Ind. Conservative||Randolph Churchill||10,575||23.9||N/A|
|Liberal||Tudor Artro Morris||4,208||9.5||N/A|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||−30.0|
|Labour||Samuel Lewis Treleaven||10,042||35.0||+2.8|
Elections in the 1920sEdit
|Labour||Samuel Lewis Treleaven||13,585||32.2||−2.8|
|Unionist gain from Liberal||Swing||+16.2|
|Labour||James Vint Laughland||7,025||28.0||−10.4|
|Liberal gain from Unionist||Swing||N/A|
|Labour||James Vint Laughland||8,941||38.4||+11.4|
Elections in the 1910sEdit
|Liberal||Alfred Allen Booth||2,484||13.1||N/A|
|Unionist win (new seat)|
|C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.|
Notes and referencesEdit
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- "'Liverpool Wavertree', Feb 1974 - May 1983". ElectionWeb Project. Cognitive Computing Limited. Retrieved 23 March 2016.
- "Change UK splits as six of 11 MPs become independents". BBC News. 4 June 2019. Retrieved 4 June 2019.
- "Electoral Commission - Previous UK general elections". www.electoralcommission.org.uk.
- Brown, Jonathan (23 April 2010). "Crash landing for Labour candidate parachuted into Liverpool". The Independent. London. Retrieved 5 July 2017.
- "Local statistics - Office for National Statistics". neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk.
- List of Labour MPs elected in 2015 by % majority UK Political.info. Retrieved 2017-01-29
- "BBC News - Liverpool polling station runs out of ballots". news.bbc.co.uk.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "W" (part 2)
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Liverpool Wavertree". BBC News. Retrieved 10 May 2015.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "BBC News - Election 2010 - Constituency - Liverpool Wavertree". news.bbc.co.uk.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig