Liverpool Wavertree (UK Parliament constituency)
Liverpool, Wavertree is a borough constituency of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It was created in 1997 and every election since has been won by a Labour Party candidate. The constituency is represented by Luciana Berger, a Liberal Democrat MP, (formerly a Labour Party MP, subsequently a founding member of Change UK and later an independent MP).
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Liverpool, Wavertree in Merseyside
Location of Merseyside within England
|Electorate||61,679 (December 2010)|
|Member of Parliament||Luciana Berger (Liberal Democrats)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Liverpool Broadgreen, Liverpool Mossley Hill|
|Number of members||One|
|Type of constituency||Borough constituency|
|Replaced by||Liverpool Broadgreen, Liverpool Mossley Hill and Liverpool Garston|
|Created from||Liverpool East Toxteth and Liverpool Walton|
|European Parliament constituency||North West England|
An earlier constituency of the same name existed between 1918 and 1983, but lay further to the south-east, and was a predominantly Conservative seat.
- 1 Boundaries
- 2 History
- 3 Members of Parliament
- 4 Elections
- 5 See also
- 6 Notes and references
- 1918–1950: The County Borough of Liverpool wards of Allerton, Childwall and Little Woolton, Garston, Much Woolton, Wavertree, and Wavertree West.
- 1950–1983: The County Borough of Liverpool wards of Old Swan, Wavertree, and Wavertree West.
- 1997–2010: The City of Liverpool wards of Broadgreen, Childwall, Church, Kensington, Old Swan, and Picton.
- 2010–present: The City of Liverpool wards of Childwall, Church, Kensington and Fairfield, Old Swan, Picton, and Wavertree.
The constituency is one of five covering the city of Liverpool, and covers the localities in the eastern parts of the city such as Wavertree, Broadgreen, Childwall, Edge Hill, Kensington, Fairfield, part of Mossley Hill and Old Swan.
The present Liverpool Wavertree constituency dates from 1997. It contained parts of the former constituencies of Liverpool Broadgreen and Liverpool Mossley Hill. It was held by Jane Kennedy of the Labour Party from 1997-2010, who was also the former MP for Liverpool Broadgreen. At the 2005 general election, the Labour lead over the Liberal Democrats was cut from 38 points to 15 points. At the 2010 general election, Jane Kennedy retired, and Luciana Berger was selected as the official Labour candidate, which caused some friction in the local CLP, especially due to her close connection with Kennedy.
An earlier Liverpool Wavertree constituency existed until 1983; this was further to the south-east in the city and was predominantly a Conservative seat, occasionally with large majorities. It had been created in 1918, but a declining population in the 1970s caused it to be split between Liverpool Garston, the newly-formed Liverpool Broadgreen and Liverpool Mossley Hill constituencies. While the Conservatives have fared badly in the new Wavertree constituency (polling under 7% at the 2005 general election), a direct comparison must take into account the differing boundaries since the 1997 recreation: with more inner-city areas than its previous incarnation, the seat is home to constituents on a lower income than the average in the North West and who are traditionally less sympathetic to Conservative policies. The 2015 general election result made the seat the seventh-safest of Labour's 232 seats by percentage of majority.
At the 2010 general election, the Liberal Democrats' targeting of the seat led to a high turnout; however, it was comfortably retained by Labour with a 2.1% swing away from the Liberal Democrats. The unexpected turnout led, unusually, to one polling station running out of ballot papers.
Members of ParliamentEdit
Elections in the 2010sEdit
The incumbent MP, Luciana Berger (Liberal Democrat, formerly independent, formerly Change UK, and formerly Labour), is not standing for reelection in Liverpool Wavertree; she is standing as the Lib Dem candidate in the London constituency of Finchley and Golders Green instead. The Liberal Democrats have already selected a candidate in Liverpool Wavertree.
Candidates listed in alphabetical order of their surname.
|Brexit Party||Adam Heatherington||New|
|Liberal Democrats||Richard Kemp|
|Labour Co-op||Luciana Berger||34,717||79.5||+10.2|
|Liberal Democrats||Richard Kemp||2,858||6.5||+0.5|
|Labour Co-op hold||Swing||+4.1|
|Labour Co-op||Luciana Berger||28,401||69.3||+16.2|
|Liberal Democrats||Leo Evans||2,454||6.0||-28.2|
|Labour Co-op hold||Swing||+6.9|
|Labour Co-op||Luciana Berger||20,132||53.1||+0.7|
|Liberal Democrats||Colin Eldridge||12,965||34.2||−3.5|
|Socialist Labour||Kim Singleton||200||0.5||−0.2|
|Labour Co-op hold||Swing||+2.1|
Elections in the 2000sEdit
|Liberal Democrats||Colin Eldridge||13,268||37.7||+13.3|
|Conservative||Jason W. Steen||2,331||6.6||−3.0|
|UKIP||Mark E. Bill||660||1.9||+0.8|
|Socialist Labour||Gary Theys||244||0.7||−0.4|
|Democratic Socialist Alliance||Paul Filby||227||0.6||−0.5|
|Liberal Democrats||Christopher Newby||7,836||24.4||+2.9|
|Socialist Labour||Michael Lane||359||1.1||N/A|
|Socialist Alliance||Mark O'Brien||349||1.1||N/A|
Elections in the 1990sEdit
|Liberal Democrats||Richard C. Kemp||9,891||21.5||−13.2|
|Referendum||Peter A. Worthington||576||1.3||N/A|
|ProLife Alliance||Racheal A. Kingsley||346||0.8||N/A|
|Workers Revolutionary||Carole Corkhill||178||0.4||N/A|
|Labour win (new seat)|
Elections in the 1970sEdit
|Liberal||C. W. Roberts||6,705||15.5|
Elections in the 1960sEdit
Elections in the 1950sEdit
|Liberal||Tom Stuttard Rothwell||5,161||12.24|
|Liberal||Thomas John Vernon Parry||5,512||10.97|
Elections in the 1940sEdit
|Labour||Derek Maurice Van Abbé||20,249||38.4||−3.1|
|Liberal||Leslie Hall Storey||7,063||13.4||N/A|
A general election was planned for 1939/1940 but was postponed because of war. By the end of 1939, the following candidates had been selected;
Elections in the 1930sEdit
|Conservative||Peter Stapleton Shaw||26,915||58.5||+27.3|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing||+10.6|
|Ind. Conservative||Randolph Churchill||10,575||23.9||N/A|
|Liberal||Tudor Artro Morris||4,208||9.5||N/A|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||−30.0|
|Labour||Samuel Lewis Treleaven||10,042||35.0||+2.8|
Elections in the 1920sEdit
|Labour||Samuel Lewis Treleaven||13,585||32.2||−2.8|
|Unionist gain from Liberal||Swing||+16.2|
|Labour||James Vint Laughland||7,025||28.0||−10.4|
|Liberal gain from Unionist||Swing||N/A|
|Labour||James Vint Laughland||8,941||38.4||+11.4|
Elections in the 1910sEdit
|Liberal||Alfred Allen Booth||2,484||13.1||N/A|
|Unionist win (new seat)|
|C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.|
Notes and referencesEdit
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- "'Liverpool Wavertree', Feb 1974 - May 1983". ElectionWeb Project. Cognitive Computing Limited. Retrieved 23 March 2016.
- "Seven MPs leave Labour in Corbyn protest". 18 February 2019 – via www.bbc.co.uk.
- "Change UK splits as six of 11 MPs become independents". BBC News. 4 June 2019. Retrieved 4 June 2019.
- "Liverpool MP Luciana Berger joins Liberal Democrat party". 5 September 2019.
- "Electoral Commission - Previous UK general elections". www.electoralcommission.org.uk.
- Brown, Jonathan (23 April 2010). "Crash landing for Labour candidate parachuted into Liverpool". The Independent. London. Retrieved 5 July 2017.
- "Local statistics - Office for National Statistics". neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk.
- List of Labour MPs elected in 2015 by % majority UK Political.info. Retrieved 2017-01-29
- "BBC News - Liverpool polling station runs out of ballots". news.bbc.co.uk.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "W" (part 2)
- Berger, Luciana (26 September 2019). "Why I'm standing in Finchley and Golders Green".
- Harpin, Lee (26 September 2019). "Luciana Berger to stand for Lib Dems in Finchley & Golders Green". The Jewish Chronicle.
- "Luciana Berger joins Lib Dems to fight 'catastrophic' no-deal Brexit". Evening Standard. 5 September 2019.
- "Statement of persons nominated".
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Liverpool Wavertree". BBC News. Retrieved 10 May 2015.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "BBC News - Election 2010 - Constituency - Liverpool Wavertree". news.bbc.co.uk.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig