Stroud (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Stroud in Gloucestershire.
Location of Gloucestershire within England.
|Electorate||79,135 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Stroud, Dursley and Stonehouse|
|Member of parliament||David Drew (Labour Co-op)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Stroud & Thornbury|
|Number of members||One|
|Type of constituency||County constituency|
|Replaced by||Stroud & Thornbury|
|Number of members||Two|
|Type of constituency||Borough constituency|
|European Parliament constituency||South West England|
Stroud is the only seat (held or gained) by a Labour Party candidate in 2017 from a total of six covering its county. Drew's 2017 win was one of 30 net gains the Labour Party made at that year's snap general election. Stroud has been relative to others a very marginal seat since 1992 as well as a swing seat, as the winning candidate's majority has not exceeded 9.1% of the vote since the 19.2% majority won at that year's election. The seat has changed hands three times since then.
A previous parliamentary borough form of constituency of the same name was created by the First Reform Act for the 1832 general election. It elected two MPs using the bloc vote system until it was transformed in the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 for that year's general election, the name being transferred to a single-seat county division which covered a wider geographical area.
This was abolished at the 1950 general election, partially replaced with a new Stroud and Thornbury county constituency. That was in turn abolished at the 1955 general election, when the present entity was created. Since this recreation the seat has had boundary changes.
1955-1974: The Urban Districts of Nailsworth and Stroud, the Rural Districts of Dursley, Stroud, and Tetbury, and part of the Rural District of Gloucester.
1974-1983: The Urban Districts of Nailsworth and Stroud, the Rural Districts of Dursley, Stroud, and Tetbury, and in the Rural District of Gloucester the parishes of Arlingham, Brookthorpe with Whaddon, Eastington, Elmore, Frampton on Severn, Fretherne with Saul, Frocester, Hardwicke, Harescombe, Haresfield, Longney, Moreton Valence, Quedgeley, Standish, Upton St Leonards, and Whitminster.
1983-1997: The District of Stroud wards of Berkeley, Bisley, Cainscross, Cam, Cambridge, Central, Chalford, Dursley, Eastington, Hinton, King's Stanley, Leonard Stanley, Minchinhampton, Nailsworth, Nibley, Painswick, Parklands, Randwick, Rodborough, Severn, Stonehouse, Thrupp, Trinity, Uley, Uplands, Vale, Whiteshill, Woodfield, and Wotton and Kingswood, and the District of Cotswold wards of Avening, Grumbold's Ash, and Tetbury.
1997-2010: All the wards of the District of Stroud except the Wotton and Kingswood ward.
2010–present: The District of Stroud wards of Amberley and Woodchester, Berkeley, Bisley, Cainscross, Cam East, Cam West, Central, Chalford, Coaley and Uley, Dursley, Eastington and Standish, Farmhill and Paganhill, Hardwicke, Nailsworth, Over Stroud, Painswick, Rodborough, Severn, Slade, Stonehouse, The Stanleys, Thrupp, Trinity, Uplands, Upton St Leonards, Vale, and Valley.
The extent of the constituency is almost all of the Stroud district (it also provides three wards to The Cotswolds seat). As such, the north-west boundary of the constituency is the River Severn, which meanders from Gloucester towards the River's estuary.
Stroud lies south of Gloucester, between the two larger Gloucestershire rural constituencies of The Cotswolds and Forest of Dean. Though partially situated in the Cotswold Hills, Stroud is both smaller in area and more industrialised than these neighbours.
Much of the constituency is rural in character. Through the sparsely populated bulk, is a belt across the middle of the constituency that has a group of small but more urbanised villages, including Caincross, Cam and Rodborough.
The major market towns include Stroud itself, Dursley in the south of the constituency, and the smaller towns of Berkeley (which in fact has a smaller elctorate than Chalford, but more facilities), Stonehouse and Nailsworth.
Workless claimants, registered jobseekers, were in November 2012 significantly lower than the national average of 3.8%, at 2.1% of the population based on a statistical compilation by The Guardian.
Members of ParliamentEdit
Stroud parliamentary boroughEdit
Stroud division of GloucestershireEdit
|1892||David Brynmor Jones||Liberal|
|1918||Sir Ashton Lister||Liberal|
|1924||Sir Frank Nelson||Unionist|
|1931 by-election||Walter Perkins||Conservative|
|1950||constituency abolished. See Stroud & Thornbury|
Stroud County ConstituencyEdit
MPs since 1955Edit
|1955||Sir Anthony Kershaw||Conservative|
|1997||David Drew||Labour Co-operative|
|2017||David Drew||Labour Co-operative|
Elections in the 2010sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||George Butcher|
|Labour Co-op||David Drew||29,994||47.0||+9.3|
|Liberal Democrat||Max Wilkinson||2,053||3.2||−0.2|
|Labour Co-op gain from Conservative||Swing||+4.5|
|Labour Co-op||David Drew||22,947||37.7||−0.9|
|Liberal Democrat||Adrian Walker-Smith||2,086||3.4||−12.0|
|Free Public Transport||David Michael||100||0.2||-|
|Labour Co-op||David Drew||22,380||38.6||−1.5|
|Liberal Democrat||Dennis Andrewartha||8,955||15.4||+1.5|
|Conservative gain from Labour Co-op||Swing||+2.0|
Elections in the 2000sEdit
|Labour Co-op||David Drew||22,527||39.6||−6.9|
|Liberal Democrat||Peter Hirst||8,026||14.1||+3.2|
|Labour Co-op hold||Swing||−4.3|
|Labour Co-op||David Drew||25,685||46.6||+3.9|
|Liberal Democrat||Janice Beasley||6,036||10.9||−4.5|
|Labour Co-op hold||Swing||+2.2|
Elections in the 1990sEdit
|Labour Co-op||David Drew||26,170||42.7||+13.3|
|Liberal Democrat||Paul Hodgkinson||9,502||15.5||−6.1|
|Labour Co-op gain from Conservative||Swing||+10.8|
|Liberal Democrat||Myles P. Robinson||16,751||24.0||−7.3|
|Green||Sue M Atkinson||2,005||2.9||-|
Elections in the 1980sEdit
Elections in the 1970sEdit
|United Democratic Party||J.S. Churchill||241||0.4||−0.4|
|Powell Conservative||J.S. Churchill||470||0.8||N/A|
|Labour||R. Derek Wheatley||19,158||36.1||−4.0|
|Liberal||David M. Davies||6,799||12.8||−3.8|
Elections in the 1960sEdit
|Liberal||John V. Smith||8,397||16.6||−1.1|
|Labour||Dennis V. Hunt||18,889||38.2||+0.6|
|Liberal||Iain P. Crawford||8,747||17.7||+3.4|
Elections in the 1950sEdit
|Labour||Richard W. Evely||19,375||41.1||N/A|
|Liberal||Eric Barnett Ayliffe||4,489||9.5||N/A|
|Conservative win (new seat)|
Election in the 1940sEdit
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||+14.1|
General Election 1939/40:
Another general election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected;
- Conservative: Walter Perkins
Elections in the 1930sEdit
|Labour||Constance Elizabeth Maude Borrett||14,133||36.8||+8.2|
|Labour||F W Davies||11,039||28.6||−1.5|
|Labour||Herbert John Maynard||10,688||30.0||+3.9|
|Liberal||Arthur William Stanton||7,267||20.4||−9.0|
Elections in the 1920sEdit
|Liberal||Arthur William Stanton||11,728||29.5||+8.9|
|Liberal||Arthur William Stanton||6,057||20.6||−32.6|
|Unionist gain from Liberal||Swing||+16.8|
|Liberal gain from Unionist||Swing||+13.0|
|Labour||Samuel Edward Walters||5,081||17.6||−22.5|
|Unionist gain from Liberal|
Elections 1832 to 1918Edit
Elections in the 1910sEdit
|Labour||Charles Wye Kendall||8,522||40.1||N/A|
|C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.|
General Election 1914/15:
Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;
|Conservative||Cecil Edwin Fitch||4,849||49.0||+0.6|
|Conservative||Arthur William Clifford||4,962||48.4||+4.6|
Elections in the 1900sEdit
|Conservative||William Burton Stewart||4,221||43.9||−4.4|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+5.1|
Elections in the 1890sEdit
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+4.5|
|Liberal||David Brynmor Jones||4,611||51.1||+5.3|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+5.3|
Elections in the 1880sEdit
|Liberal||Walter John Stanton||3,911||45.8||−5.9|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+5.9|
|Liberal win (new seat)|
|Liberal||Walter John Stanton||3,098||26.5||+0.6|
|Turnout||5,856 (est)||91.8 (est)||+0.7|
Elections in the 1870sEdit
- Caused by the previous by-election being declared void on petition.
|Conservative||James Thomas Stanton||2,613||49.2||+0.9|
- Caused by Dorington's election being declared void on petition, due to "bribery, treating, and undue influence".
|Liberal||Alfred John Stanton||2,722||25.3||−0.6|
|Turnout||5,389 (est)||90.7 (est)||−0.4|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+0.7|
- Caused by the election being declared void on petition on "account of treating, but the treating was not with knowledge of the candidates".
|Liberal||Walter John Stanton||2,798||25.9||−10.0|
|Turnout||5,411 (est)||91.1 (est)||+3.3|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+26.8|
- Caused by Winterbotham's death.
Elections in the 1860sEdit
|Turnout||4,952 (est)||87.8 (est)||+16.0|
- Caused by Scrope's resignation.
|Turnout||973 (est)||71.8 (est)||N/A|
Elections in the 1850sEdit
- Caused by the appointment of Horsman as Chief Secretary to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland
- Caused by Reynolds-Moreton's elevation to the peerage, becoming 3rd Earl Ducie
|Turnout||949 (est)||71.4 (est)||+11.2|
Elections in the 1840sEdit
|Whig||William Henry Stanton||563||44.0||+4.3|
|Whig||George Julius Poulett Scrope||541||42.3||+7.1|
|Radical||Marcus Mereweather Turner||176||13.8||N/A|
|Turnout||728 (est)||60.2 (est)||−14.6|
|Whig||William Henry Stanton||594||39.7|
|Whig||George Julius Poulett Scrope||527||35.2|
|Conservative||William Lascelles Wraxall||377||25.2|
- J Symons, formerly Editor of Stroud Free Press, was a candidate but withdrew before election 
- A Chartist of Nailsworth by name Chapman who has issued his address couched in flaming terms worthy of the Northern Star (goes on to comment that he was a small publican and tailor 
Elections in the 1830sEdit
|Liberal||George Julius Poulett Scrope||698|
- Resignation of Fox
|Liberal||George Julius Poulett Scrope||866|
|Liberal||Charles Richard Fox||708|
|Liberal||George Julius Poulett Scrope||Unopposed|
- Resignation of Ricardo
|Liberal||William Henry Hyett||985|
|Liberal||George Julius Poulett Scrope||562|
|Liberal win (new seat)|
|Liberal win (new seat)|
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- 2010 post-revision map non-metropolitan areas and unitary authorities of England
- Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "S" (part 5)
- Stooks Smith, Henry. (1973) [1844-1850]. Craig, F. W. S. (ed.). The Parliaments of England (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 119. ISBN 0-900178-13-2.
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- The February 1874 general election in Stroud was declared void after a petition
- The May 1874 by-election was held two elect two members, after results of the general election had been declared void. Two MPs were elected, but the election of Dorington was overturned on petition
- The July 1874 by-election was held to elect a replacement for Dorington, whose victory at the May 1874 by-election had been declared void on petition
- The February 1875 by-election was held to elect a replacement for Brand, whose victory at the July 1874 by-election had been declared void on petition.
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- Percentage change and swing for 1997 is calculated relative to the Rallings and Thrasher 1992 notional constituency result, not actual 1992 result. See C. Rallings & M. Thrasher, The Media Guide to the New Parliamentary Constituencies (Plymouth: LGC Elections Centre, 1995)
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|url=(help) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. pp. 292–293. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
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