Birmingham East (UK Parliament constituency)
Birmingham East was a parliamentary constituency in the city of Birmingham, England. It returned one Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, elected by the first-past-the-post voting system.
|Former Borough constituency|
for the House of Commons
|Number of members||One|
|Replaced by||Birmingham Yardley, Birmingham Sparkbrook|
Before 1885 Birmingham, in the county of Warwickshire, had been a three-member constituency (see Birmingham (UK Parliament constituency) for further details). Under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 the parliamentary borough of Birmingham was split into seven single-member divisions, one of which was Birmingham East. It consisted of the wards of Duddeston and Nechells, the local government district of Saltley, and the hamlet of Little Bromwich.
The division was bounded to the west by Birmingham North, to the north by Aston Manor, to the east by Tamworth and to the south (from west to east) by Birmingham Central, Birmingham South and Birmingham Bordesley.
In the 1918 redistribution of parliamentary seats, the Representation of the People Act 1918 provided for twelve new Birmingham divisions. The East division was abolished.
Members of ParliamentEdit
|1895||Sir John Benjamin Stone||Conservative|
|1910 (Jan)||Arthur Steel-Maitland||Conservative|
Elections in the 1880sEdit
|Liberal win (new seat)|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+15.3|
Matthews was appointed Home Secretary, requiring a by-election.
Elections in the 1890sEdit
|Liberal||Henry Charles Fulford||2,832||34.7||−8.6|
|Independent Liberal||Daniel Shilton Collin[n 1]||296||3.6||N/A|
|Conservative||John Benjamin Stone||Unopposed|
Elections in the 1900sEdit
|Conservative||John Benjamin Stone||4,989||63.8||N/A|
|Lib-Lab||John Valentine Stevens||2,835||36.2||N/A|
|Conservative||John Benjamin Stone||5,928||52.6||−11.2|
|Labour Repr. Cmte.||James Holmes||5,343||47.4||+11.2|
Elections in the 1910sEdit
|Labour||J. J. Stephenson||3,958||31.9||-15.5|
|Lib-Lab||John Valentine Stevens||3,190||32.5|
General Election 1914/15:
Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;
In popular cultureEdit
Birmingham East was used in BBC sitcom Yes, Minister, and Jim Hacker was its MP. Although Hacker's Party was left unspecified, he was shown to be elected in the fictional 1981 general election, defeating a Conservative and Labour challenger.
|n/a||James George Hacker||21,793||48.2|
|n/a||Arthur William Gaunt||19,321||42.7|
|n/a||David Lloyd Evans||4,106||9.1|
Notes and ReferencesEdit
- Collin was associated with the United Kingdom Alliance
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
- The Liberal Year Book, 1907
- Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1886
- Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1896
- Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
- Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
- Boundaries of Parliamentary Constituencies 1885-1972, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Parliamentary Reference Publications 1972)
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Macmillan Press 1974)
- Debrett’s Illustrated Heraldic and Biographical House of Commons and the Judicial Bench 1886
- Debrett’s House of Commons and the Judicial Bench 1901
- Debrett’s House of Commons and the Judicial Bench 1918
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "B" (part 3)