Birmingham South (UK Parliament constituency)

Birmingham South was a parliamentary constituency in Birmingham which returned one Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1885 until it was abolished for the 1918 general election.

Birmingham South
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
18851918
Number of membersOne
Replaced byBirmingham Deritend, Birmingham Moseley
Created fromBirmingham

Elections were held using the first-past-the-post voting system.

BoundariesEdit

Before 1885 the city of Birmingham had been a three-member constituency (see Birmingham [UK Parliament constituency] for further details). Under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 the parliamentary borough of Birmingham was split into seven single-member divisions, one of which was Birmingham South. It consisted of the wards of Deritend and St Martin, and part of the local government district of Balsall Heath.

The division was bounded to the west by Birmingham Edgbaston, to the north-west by Birmingham Central, to the north by Birmingham East, to the east by Birmingham Bordesley and in the south by the then city boundary and the East Worcestershire constituency.

In the 1918 redistribution of parliamentary seats, the Representation of the People Act 1918 provided for twelve new Birmingham divisions. The South division was abolished.

Members of ParliamentEdit

Year Member Party
1885 Joseph Powell-Williams Liberal
1886 Liberal Unionist
1904 Viscount Morpeth Liberal Unionist
1911 Leo Amery Liberal Unionist
1912 Unionist
1918 Constituency abolished

ElectionsEdit

Elections in the 1880sEdit

 
Williams
General election 1885: Birmingham South[1][2][3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Joseph Powell Williams 5,099 60.6
Conservative Henry Hawkes 3,311 39.4
Majority 1,788 21.2
Turnout 8,410 79.0
Registered electors 10,643
Liberal win (new seat)
General election 1886: Birmingham South[1][2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Unionist Joseph Powell Williams Unopposed
Liberal Unionist gain from Liberal

Elections in the 1890sEdit

General election 1892: Birmingham South[1][2][4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Unionist Joseph Powell Williams 5,193 69.6 N/A
Liberal William James Lancaster 2,270 30.4 New
Majority 2,923 39.2 N/A
Turnout 7,463 69.0 N/A
Registered electors 10,814
Liberal Unionist hold Swing N/A
General election 1895: Birmingham South[1][2][5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Unionist Joseph Powell Williams 4,830 79.3 +9.7
Liberal Walter Priestman 1,257 20.7 -9.7
Majority 3,573 58.6 +19.4
Turnout 6,087 52.5 -16.5
Registered electors 11,604
Liberal Unionist hold Swing +9.7

Elections in the 1900sEdit

General election 1900: Birmingham South[1][2][5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Unionist Joseph Powell Williams Unopposed
Liberal Unionist hold
 
Morpeth
1904 Birmingham South by-election[1][2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Unionist Charles Howard 5,299 70.4 N/A
Liberal James Hirst Hollowell 2,223 29.6 New
Majority 3,076 40.8 N/A
Turnout 7,522 62.8 N/A
Registered electors 11,984
Liberal Unionist hold Swing N/A
General election 1906: Birmingham South[1][2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Unionist Charles Howard 5,541 67.7 N/A
Lib-Lab John Valentine Stevens 2,641 32.3 N/A
Majority 2,900 35.4 N/A
Turnout 8,182 70.5 N/A
Registered electors 11,611
Liberal Unionist hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1910sEdit

General election January 1910: Birmingham South[1][6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Unionist Charles Howard 6,207 71.5 +3.8
Liberal Arnold Ernest Butler 2,476 28.5 -3.8
Majority 3,731 43.0 +7.6
Turnout 8,683 77.7 +7.2
Liberal Unionist hold Swing +3.8
General election December 1910: Birmingham South[1][6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Unionist Charles Howard 4,701 71.0 -0.5
Liberal Arnold Ernest Butler 1,923 29.0 +0.5
Majority 2,778 42.0 -1.0
Turnout 6,624 59.3 -18.4
Liberal Unionist hold Swing -0.5
1911 Birmingham South by-election[1][6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Unionist Leo Amery Unopposed
Liberal Unionist hold

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  2. ^ a b c d e f g The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  3. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1886
  4. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1896
  5. ^ a b Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
  6. ^ a b c Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916