Donald Somervell, Baron Somervell of Harrow
Donald Bradley Somervell, Baron Somervell of Harrow, OBE, PC (24 August 1889 – 18 November 1960) was a British barrister, judge and Conservative Party politician. He served as Solicitor General and Attorney General from 1933–45 and was briefly Home Secretary in Winston Churchill's 1945 caretaker government.
The Lord Somervell of Harrow
25 May 1945 – 26 July 1945
|Prime Minister||Winston Churchill|
|Preceded by||Herbert Morrison|
|Succeeded by||James Chuter Ede|
|Attorney General for England and Wales|
18 March 1936 – 25 May 1945
|Prime Minister||Stanley Baldwin|
|Preceded by||Sir Thomas Inskipp|
|Succeeded by||Sir David Maxwell Fyfe|
|Solicitor General for England and Wales|
29 September 1933 – 19 March 1936
|Prime Minister||Ramsay MacDonald|
|Preceded by||Sir Boyd Merriman|
|Succeeded by||Sir Terence O'Connor|
|Born||24 August 1889|
Harrow on the Hill, London, England
|Died||18 November 1960 (aged 71)|
Marylebone, London, England
|Spouse(s)||Loelia Helen Buchan-Hepburn |
|Alma mater||Magdalen College, Oxford|
Background, education and legal careerEdit
Somervell was the son of Robert Somervell, master and bursar of Harrow School, and was educated at Harrow before reading Chemistry with a demyship at Magdalen College, Oxford, graduating with a First in 1911. In 1912 he was elected a prize fellow of All Souls College, Oxford, the first chemist to be elected. He then joined the Inner Temple, but his legal training was interrupted by the outbreak of the First World War. Commissioned into the British Army, he served with the Middlesex Regiment and the 53rd Brigade in India and Mesopotamia. For his war service, he was appointed OBE in 1919.
Having been called to the bar in absentia in 1916, he completed his pupillage and practiced in the chambers of William Jowitt, specialising in commercial law matters arising out of the Treaty of Versailles. He took silk in 1929.
In 1929 he entered politics. Although a Liberal by inclination, the decline of that party and his admiration for the then-Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin led him to instead join the Conservative Party and he stood unsuccessfully for Crewe in the 1929 general election. He won the seat in the 1931 election and held it for the next fourteen years.
In 1933 he became Solicitor General, receiving the customary knighthood, followed three years later by a promotion to Attorney General. In this latter post he served for no less than nine years, during which he oversaw crises such as the Abdication Crisis of Edward VIII. He was the longest-serving Attorney General since 1754. He was sworn of the Privy Council in the 1938 Birthday Honours. He was Recorder of Kingston upon Thames from 1940 to 1946.
In 1946, Somervell was made a Lord Justice of Appeal by Clement Attlee. In 1951 Churchill returned to power but passed over Somervell's claims to the Lord Chancellorship. On 4 October 1954 Somervell became a Lord of Appeal in Ordinary and, as a Law Lord, he received a life peerage as Baron Somervell of Harrow, of Ewelme in the County of Oxford. He retired in 1960, shortly before his death.
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Somervell married Loelia Helen Buchan-Hepburn, daughter of Sir Archibald Buchan-Hepburn, 4th Baronet, in 1933. She died in July 1945, aged 48. Somervell survived her by fifteen years and died in November 1960, aged 71. His grave can be found in the grounds of Saint Mary's Church in Ewelme, opposite that of the writer Jerome K. Jerome.
- Evershed; Marc Brodie. "Somervell, Donald Bradley, Baron Somervell of Harrow". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/36189. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- "No. 33473". The London Gazette. 1 March 1929. p. 1448.
- "No. 33983". The London Gazette. 3 October 1933. p. 6351.
- "No. 33984". The London Gazette. 6 October 1933. p. 6418.
- "No. 34525". The London Gazette. 24 June 1938. p. 4056.
- "No. 40294". The London Gazette. 5 October 1954. p. 5649.
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Donald Somervell
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
John William Bowen
| Member of Parliament for Crewe
Sir Boyd Merriman
| Solicitor General for England and Wales
Sir Terence O'Connor
Sir Thomas Inskip
| Attorney General for England and Wales
Sir David Maxwell Fyfe
| Home Secretary