Norwich South (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Norwich South in Norfolk.
Location of Norfolk within England.
|Electorate||73,569 (December 2010)|
|Member of parliament||Clive Lewis (Labour)|
|Number of members||One|
|European Parliament constituency||East of England|
The constituency was created by the Representation of the People Act 1948 for the 1950 general election, when the two-seat Norwich constituency was divided into Norwich North and Norwich South. The Labour MP for this seat from 1997 to 2010 was Charles Clarke who served in the cabinet for five years from 2001 to 2006, first as Minister without Portfolio, then as Secretary of State for Education and Skills and latterly as Home Secretary.
Norwich South was Labour's safest seat in Norfolk until 2005. Although it was lost to the Conservatives in 1983, it was regained by Labour in 1987 and was the only Labour seat in Norfolk until 1997. In 2005 the Labour majority was cut by over 5000, leaving Norwich North as the safest Labour seat in the county.
At the 2010 election, the seat was considered a three-way marginal between the incumbent Labour party, the Liberal Democrats and the Conservatives. The seat was also targeted by the Green Party. The Liberal Democrats won the seat, with the lowest percentage share of the vote in a constituency in the 2010 election. The loss was considered an embarrassment for the Labour Party as it was the seat of a former Home Secretary.
In the 2015 election, Norwich South was the Green Party's number one target seat, and due to the tiny majority of just 310 votes for the Liberal Democrat Simon Wright over Labour in the previous election, it was a key Labour target. In the event, Wright came fourth with under half his 2010 vote, behind the Greens, Conservatives and Labour, whose left-wing candidate Clive Lewis won the seat with a 10.6% swing from the Liberal Democrats to Labour. The Green Party share of the vote actually fell by 1% compared to 2010, with the Conservative vote slightly increasing.
In the 2017 election, UKIP did not contest the seat but endorsed the Conservatives. Clive Lewis increased Labour's vote share by 22 percentage points to win 31,311 votes (61.0%), the most votes any party has ever won in the constituency. This happened despite the Conservative share of the vote also increasing by 7.1%. The swing was entirely from the Liberal Democrats (who had held the seat from 2010 to 2015) whose vote fell to 5.5%, and the Green Party (who had made the seat a top target in 2015) who dropped to 2.9%, their worst result in Norwich South since 1997.
Boundaries and boundary changesEdit
1950–1974: The County Borough of Norwich wards of Ber Street, Conesford, Earlham, Eaton, Lakenham, Nelson, St Stephen, and Town Close.
1974–1983: The County Borough of Norwich wards of Bowthorpe, Earlham, Eaton, Lakenham, Nelson, St Stephen, Town Close, and University.
Further to the Second Periodic Review of Parliamentary Constituencies a redistribution of seats was enacted in 1970. However, in the case of the two Norwich constituencies, this was superseded before the February 1974 general election by the Parliamentary Constituencies (Norwich) Order 1973 which followed on from a revision of the County Borough of Norwich wards in 1971, resulting in a realignment of the boundary with Norwich North.
1983–1997: The City of Norwich wards of Bowthorpe, Eaton, Heigham, Henderson, Lakenham, Mancroft, Nelson, St Stephen, Thorpe Hamlet, Town Close, and University.
Extended northwards, gaining southern parts of Norwich North.
1997–2010: The City of Norwich wards of Bowthorpe, Eaton, Heigham, Henderson, Lakenham, Mancroft, Nelson, St Stephen, Thorpe Hamlet, Town Close, and University, and the District of South Norfolk wards of Cringleford and Colney, and New Costessey.
2010–present: The City of Norwich wards of Bowthorpe, Eaton, Lakenham, Mancroft, Nelson, Thorpe Hamlet, Town Close, University, and Wensum, and the District of South Norfolk ward of New Costessey.
Following their review of parliamentary constituencies in Norfolk that concluded in 2004 and came into effect for the 2010 general election, the Boundary Commission for England created a slightly modified Norwich South constituency. The part of the Crome ward around Morse Road became part of Norwich North, while the area around Mousehold Street in Thorpe Hamlet moved to Norwich South. The villages of Cringleford and Colney were lost to the South Norfolk constituency.
The changes were necessary to re-align the constituency boundaries with the new local government ward boundaries introduced in South Norfolk and Norwich in 2003 and 2004 respectively and to take account of Norfolk being awarded an additional, ninth constituency by the Boundary Commission.
Proposals for 2022Edit
The Boundary Commission for England submitted their final proposals in respect of the Sixth Periodic Review of Westminster Constituencies (the 2018 review) in September 2018. If these proposals are approved by Parliament they will reduce the total number of MPs from 650 to 600 and come into effect at the next UK general election which is due to take place in May 2022 under the terms of the Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011.
In order to meet the strict requirements of the electoral quota range, the Commission have recommended that the District of South Norfolk ward of Cringleford and Old Costessey would be transferred from the constituency of South Norfolk, partly offset by the transfer of the City of Norwich ward of Wensum to Norwich North.
Members of ParliamentEdit
Elections in the 2010sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||James Wright||2,841||5.5||-8.1|
|Liberal Democrat||Simon Wright||6,607||13.6||-15.7|
|Class War||David Peel||96||0.2||N/A|
|Labour gain from Liberal Democrat||Swing||+5.0|
|Liberal Democrat||Simon Wright||13,960||29.4||N/A|
|Workers Revolutionary||Gabriel Polley||102||0.2||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat win (new seat)|
*NB boundary changes occurred between 2005 and 2010.
Elections in the 2000sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||Andrew Aalders-Dunthorne||12,251||29.0||+6.4|
|English Democrat||Christine Constable||466||1.1||N/A|
|Legalise Cannabis||Don Barnard||219||0.5||−1.0|
|Workers Revolutionary||Roger Blackwell||85||0.2||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat||Andrew Aalders-Dunthorne||9,640||22.6||+4.0|
|Legalise Cannabis||Alun Buffrey||620||1.5||0.0|
|Socialist Alliance||Edward Manningham||507||1.2||N/A|
Elections in the 1990sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||Andrew Aalders-Dunthorne||9,457||18.6||+5.7|
|Legalise Cannabis||Howard Marks||765||1.5||N/A|
|Natural Law||Bryan Parsons||84||0.2||0.0|
|Liberal Democrat||Christopher Thomas||6,609||12.9||−12.0|
|Natural Law||Bryan Parsons||104||0.2||N/A|
Elections in the 1980sEdit
|Social Democratic||Charles Hardie||12,896||24.9||+0.4|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||+2.1|
|Social Democratic||Charles Hardie||11,968||24.5||N/A|
|Ecology||Anthony D. Carter||468||1.0||N/A|
|National Front||Peter C. Williams||145||0.3||−0.4|
|Independent||Jon C. Ward||91||0.2||N/A|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing||+3.4|
Elections in the 1970sEdit
|National Front||Andrew Fountaine||264||0.7||N/A|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||+2.1|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing||+6.0|
Elections in the 1960sEdit
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||+4.0|
Elections in the 1950sEdit
|Conservative win (new seat)|
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- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1995". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 15 March 2019.
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 2007". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 15 March 2019.
- Boundary Commission for England, 2018 Review, Associated consultation documents (September 2018). "Final recommendations report".CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
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- "Norwich South". The Guardian.
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- "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
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- The Times' Guide to the House of Commons. 1970.
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- The Times' Guide to the House of Commons. 1955.
- The Times' Guide to the House of Commons. 1951.
- The Times' Guide to the House of Commons. 1950.