Second Rockingham ministry
This is a list of the principal holders of government office during the second premiership of the Marquess of Rockingham for four months in 1782.
|Second Rockingham ministry|
|Date formed||27 March 1782|
|Date dissolved||1 July 1782|
|People and organisations|
|Prime Minister||Lord Rockingham|
|Total no. of ministers||16 appointments|
|Member party||Rockingham Whigs|
|Status in legislature||Majority|
|Legislature term(s)||15th GB Parliament|
The North ministry resigned on 22 March 1782 after losing the confidence of Parliament following the British defeat at the Siege of Yorktown during the American War of Independence. Whig Lord Rockingham, Prime Minister from 1765 to 1766, formed a government. The Rockingham Whigs had generally been sympathetic to the cause of the Colonists and under Rockingham the British government began the negotiations leading to the Peace of Paris that concluded the war.
The death of Rockingham on 1 July 1782 caused a split in the ministry. Home Secretary Lord Shelburne was appointed to succeed him but several members of the government refused to serve under him and resigned. These "Portland Whigs" (named after their nominal leader, the Duke of Portland, but in reality led by Charles James Fox) allied in opposition with Lord North and brought down the Shelburne ministry in 1783, coming to power as the Fox–North coalition.
|Portfolio||Minister||Took office||Left office||Party|
|The Marquess of Rockingham*||27 March 1782||1 July 1782||Whig|
|Lord Chancellor||The Lord Thurlow||3 June 1778||7 April 1783||Independent|
|Lord President of the Council||The Lord Camden||27 March 1782||2 April 1783||Whig|
|Lord Privy Seal||The Duke of Grafton||1782||1783||Whig|
|Chancellor of the Exchequer||Lord John Cavendish||27 March 1782||10 July 1782||Whig|
|Secretary of State for the Home Department||The Earl of Shelburne||27 March 1782||10 July 1782||Whig|
|Charles James Fox||27 March 1782||5 July 1782||Whig|
|First Lord of the Admiralty||The Viscount Keppel||1782||1783||Whig|
|Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster||The Lord Ashburton||17 April 1782||29 August 1783||Independent|
|Master-General of the Ordnance||The Duke of Richmond||1782||1783||Whig|