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Edinburgh South (UK Parliament constituency)

HistoryEdit

Summary of results

A candidate fielded by the Labour Party has won the seat since 1987. Prior to that the political division for Westminster purposes voted for the Conservative and Unionist candidate, ahead of all other candidates by single preference, at each Westminster election from and including 1918. Prior to that the electorates' single-most preferred candidate in simple voting was that of the Liberal Party, except in 1900 when a Liberal Unionist was returned. The 2015 result gave the seat the 23rd-smallest majority of Labour's 232 seats by percentage of majority.[2] In the 2017 general election, Ian Murray received the highest voteshare of any Scottish candidate. It was also one of only two constituencies in Scotland where the winning candidate received a majority of the votes cast (the other one being Berwickshire, Roxburgh and Selkirk).

Recent opposition candidates' performance

At the 2015 general election three of the seven parties' candidates standing retained their deposits, their votes exceeding 5%. Those doing so and not winning were SNP — 33.8% of the vote and Conservative — 17.5% of the vote.

The Liberal Democrat candidate of 2005 fell within 0.9% of a winning majority. The Liberal Democrats' swing nationally was -15.2% swing in 2015. The swing in this seat against the party was however -30.3% resulting in the loss of their deposit[n 2], a fate not sustained by either of the party's two formative parties in the seat since 1970.

Turnout

Turnout has ranged between 81.1% in 1950 and 57.7% in 2001.

2016 EU referendum

In the 2016 referendum to leave the European Union, the constituency voted remain by 77.8%. This was the tenth highest support for remain for a constituency.[3]

BoundariesEdit

When created in 1885, the Westminster constituency was partly a replacement for the Edinburgh constituency. The Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 provided that the constituency was to consist of the Municipal Wards of St. George, St. Cuthbert, and Newington.[4]

In 1918 the constituency consisted of the "Merchiston, Morningside, and Newington Municipal Wards of Edinburgh."

In 2005, prior to the general election, Edinburgh South was one of six covering the City of Edinburgh council area. Five were entirely within the city council area. One, Edinburgh East and Musselburgh, straddled the boundary with the East Lothian council area, to take in Musselburgh.

For the 2005 election, the constituency was enlarged to enclude areas from the former Edinburgh Pentlands constituency, and became one of five constituencies covering the city area, all entirely within that area.[5]

The constituency covers a southern portion of the city area, and is predominantly suburban. In terms of wards used in elections to the City of Edinburgh Council 1999 to 2007, it includes the wards of Alnwickhill, Fairmilehead, Gilmerton, Kaimes, Marchmont, Merchiston, Moredun, Little France, Newington, North Morningside and the Grange, Sciennes, and South Morningside.

These wards were replaced with new wards in 2007, as a result of the Local Governance (Scotland) Act 2004. The constituency therefore contains almost no electoral wards in its entirety. Those within its boundaries are Southside/Newington, Meadows/Morningside, a handful of streets from the extreme north-east of Fountainbridge/Craiglockhart ward, Colinton/Fairmilehead, and Liberton/Gilmerton.

Members of ParliamentEdit

Election resultsEdit

Elections in the 2010sEdit

Candidates listed in alphabetical order of their surname.

General election 2019: Edinburgh South[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Democrats Alan Beal
Conservative Nick Cook
SNP Catriona McDonald
Labour Ian Murray
Scottish Green Kate Nevens


General election 2017: Edinburgh South[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Ian Murray 26,269 54.9 +15.8
SNP Jim Eadie 10,755 22.5 -11.3
Conservative Stephanie Smith 9,428 19.7 +2.2
Liberal Democrats Alan Beal 1,388 2.9 -0.8
Majority 15,514 32.4 +27.0
Turnout 47,840 74.1 -0.8
Labour hold Swing +13.6


General election 2015: Edinburgh South[9][10][11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Ian Murray 19,293 39.1 +4.4
SNP Neil Hay 16,656 33.8 +26.1
Conservative Miles Briggs 8,626 17.5 -4.1
Scottish Green Phyl Meyer 2,090 4.2 +2.2
Liberal Democrats Pramod Subbaraman 1,823 3.7 -30.3
UKIP Paul Marshall 601 1.2 n/a
Scottish Socialist Colin Fox 197 0.4 n/a
Majority 2,637 5.4 +4.7
Turnout 49,286 74.9 +1.1
Labour hold Swing -10.9


General election 2010: Edinburgh South[12][13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Ian Murray 15,215 34.7 +1.5
Liberal Democrats Fred Mackintosh 14,899 34.0 +1.7
Conservative Neil Hudson 9,452 21.6 -2.5
SNP Sandy Howat 3,354 7.7 +1.5
Scottish Green Steve Burgess 881 2.0 -1.2
Majority 316 0.7%
Turnout 43,801 73.8 +4.4
Labour hold Swing -0.1

Elections in the 2000sEdit

General election 2005: Edinburgh South[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Nigel Griffiths 14,188 33.2 -6.1
Liberal Democrats Marilyne MacLaren 13,783 32.3 +7.0
Conservative Gavin Brown 10,291 24.1 +1.4
SNP Graham Sutherland 2,635 6.2 -3.1
Scottish Green Steve Burgess 1,387 3.2 N/A
Scottish Socialist Morag Robertson 414 1.0 -1.2
Majority 405 0.9% -13.9
Turnout 42,698 69.9 +9.2
Labour hold Swing -6.5
General election 2001: Edinburgh South[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Nigel Griffiths 15,671 42.2 -4.7
Liberal Democrats Marilyne MacLaren 10,172 27.4 +9.7
Conservative Gordon Buchan 6,172 16.6 -4.7
SNP Heather Williams 3,683 9.9 -3.0
Scottish Socialist Colin Fox 933 2.5 N/A
Legalise Cannabis Margaret Hendry 535 1.4 N/A
Majority 5,499 14.8 -10.7
Turnout 37,166 57.7 -14.1
Labour hold Swing -7.2

Elections in the 1990sEdit

General election 1997: Edinburgh South[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Nigel Griffiths 20,993 46.8 +5.3
Conservative Elizabeth Smith 9,541 21.3 -10.8
Liberal Democrats Mike Pringle 7,911 17.6 +4.2
SNP John Hargreaves 5,791 12.9 +0.1
Referendum Ian McLean 504 1.1
Natural Law Bradley Dunn 98 0.2 -0.0
Majority 11,452 25.5
Turnout 44,838 71.8
Labour hold Swing +8.1
General election 1992: Edinburgh South[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Nigel Griffiths 18,485 41.5 +3.8
Conservative Struan Stevenson 14,309 32.1 -1.7
Liberal Democrats Bob McCreadie 5,961 13.4
SNP Roger Knox 5,727 12.8 +7.7
Natural Law George Manclark 108 0.2
Majority 4,176 9.4 +5.6
Turnout 44,590 72.67 +5.00
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1980sEdit

General election 1987: Edinburgh South[18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Nigel Griffiths 18,211 37.66
Conservative Michael Ancram 16,352 33.81
Social Democratic David Graham 10,900 22.54
SNP Catherina Moore 2,455 5.08
Green Ruth Clark 440 0.91
Majority 1,859 3.84
Turnout 77.67
Labour gain from Conservative Swing
General election 1983: Edinburgh South[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Michael Ancram 16,485 36.76
Social Democratic J. Godfrey 12,830 28.61
Labour R. McCreadie 12,824 28.60
SNP Neil MacCallum 2,256 5.03
Ecology L. Hendry 450 1.00
Majority 3,655 8.15
Turnout 71.73
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1970sEdit

General election 1979: Edinburgh South
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Michael Ancram 17,986 39.74 +4.18
Labour Gordon Brown 15,526 34.30 +2.12
Liberal J.P.B. Lovell 7,400 16.35 +2.13
SNP R. Shirley 3,800 8.40 -13.29
Ecology S.M. Biggar 552 1.22
Majority 2,460 5.43 -2.29
Turnout 77.30 +2.88
Conservative hold Swing
General election October 1974: Edinburgh South
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Michael Hutchison 14,962 35.92
Labour C. Haddow 11,736 28.18
SNP R. Shirley 9,034 21.69
Liberal N.L. Gordon 5,921 14.22
Majority 3,226 7.74
Turnout 74.18
Conservative hold Swing
General election February 1974: Edinburgh South
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Michael Hutchison 18,784 41.74
Labour T.J. Davies 12,403 27.54
Liberal N. Gordon 8,073 17.93
SNP R. Shirley 5,770 12.81
Majority 6,381 14.17
Turnout 80.83
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1970: Edinburgh South
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Michael Hutchison 19,851 48.12
Labour John Henderson 15,071 36.53
Liberal Ronald H. Guild 3,469 8.41
SNP David J. Stevenson 2,861 6.94
Majority 4,780 11.59
Turnout 73.99
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1960sEdit

General election 1966: Edinburgh South
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Michael Hutchison 20,820 53.16
Labour James W. Kerr 15,487 39.54
SNP H. McLean Robertson 2,856 7.29
Majority 5,333 13.62
Turnout 77.63
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1964: Edinburgh South
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Michael Hutchison 21,375 53.17
Labour James W. Kerr 13,555 33.72
Liberal Ronald H. Guild 5,272 13.11
Majority 7,820 19.45
Turnout 80.32
Unionist hold Swing

Elections in the 1950sEdit

General election 1959: Edinburgh South
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Michael Hutchison 22,799 57.59 -9.93
Labour Alex D. Reid 11,285 28.51 -3.97
Liberal William Douglas-Home 5,505 13.91 N/A
Majority 11,514 29.08 -5.95
Turnout 81.18
Unionist hold Swing
1957 Edinburgh South by-election
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Michael Hutchison 14,421 45.58 -21.94
Labour James A. Forsyth 9,781 30.91 -1.57
Liberal William Douglas-Home 7,439 23.51 N/A
Majority 4,640 14.67 -20.41
Unionist hold Swing
General election 1955: Edinburgh South
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist William Darling 24,836 67.52
Labour James A. Forsyth 11,949 32.48
Majority 12,887 35.03
Turnout 77.24
Unionist hold Swing
General election 1951: Edinburgh South
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist William Darling 25,545 72.58
Labour James A. Forsyth 10,030 27.42
Majority 16,515 45.15
Turnout 81.43
Unionist hold Swing
General election 1950: Edinburgh South
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist William Darling 23,081 65.01
Labour William Earsman 8,725 24.57
Liberal Lionel Daiches 3,699 10.42 n/a
Majority 14,356 40.43
Turnout 82.14
Unionist hold Swing

Election in the 1940sEdit

General election 1945: Edinburgh South
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist William Darling 23,652 70.77
Labour William Earsman 9,767 29.23
Majority 13,885 41.55
Turnout 66.50
Unionist hold Swing

Elections in the 1930sEdit

General election 1935: Edinburgh South[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Samuel Chapman 27,254 83.55 n/a
Labour Barbara Woodburn 5,365 16.45 n/a
Majority 21,889 67.11 n/a
Turnout 67.56 n/a
Unionist hold Swing n/a
General election 1931: Edinburgh South[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Samuel Chapman unopposed n/a n/a
Unionist hold Swing n/a

Elections in the 1920sEdit

General election 1929: Edinburgh South[22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Samuel Chapman 19,541 56.7 −7.7
Liberal Arthur Pillans Laurie 9,849 28.6 −7.0
Labour Arthur Woodburn 5,050 14.7 N/A
Majority 9,692 28.1 −0.7
Turnout 34,440 75.2 +1.6
Registered electors 45,794
Unionist hold Swing −0.4
General election 1924: Edinburgh South[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Samuel Chapman 15,854 64.4 +8.7
Liberal David Cleghorn Thomson 8,777 35.6 −8.7
Majority 7,077 28.8 +17.4
Turnout 24,631 73.6 +3.4
Registered electors 33,447
Unionist hold Swing +8.7
General election 1923: Edinburgh South[24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Samuel Chapman 12,804 55.7 −11.0
Liberal W. Hope 10,194 44.3 +11.0
Majority 2,610 11.4 −22.0
Turnout 22,998 70.2 +1.0
Registered electors 32,745
Unionist hold Swing −11.0
1922 general election: Edinburgh South
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Samuel Chapman 14,843 66.7 −8.3
Liberal Catherine Alderton 7,408 33.3 +8.3
Majority 7,435 33.4 −16.6
Turnout 22,251 69.2 +7.4
Registered electors 32,152
Unionist hold Swing −8.3
1920 Edinburgh South by-election [25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Coalition Unionist Charles Murray 11,176 57.7 −17.3
Liberal Daniel Holmes 8,177 42.3 +17.3
Majority 2,999 15.4 −34.6
Turnout 19,353 59.3 −2.5
Registered electors 32,656
Unionist hold Swing −17.3

Elections in the 1910sEdit

General election 1918: Edinburgh South[26][27]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
C Unionist Charles Murray 14,874 75.0 +29.5
Liberal David Caird 4,966 25.0 −29.5
Majority 9,908 50.0 N/A
Turnout 19,840 61.7 −22.5
Registered electors 32,087
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing +29.5
C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.
By-election, 1917: Edinburgh South[28]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Edward Parrott Unopposed
Liberal hold
General election December 1910: Edinburgh South[29][28]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Charles Henry Lyell 9,576 54.5 −1.9
Conservative Charles Murray 7,986 45.5 +1.9
Majority 1,590 9.0 −3.8
Turnout 17,562 84.2 −4.6
Registered electors 20,868
Liberal hold Swing −1.9
1910 Edinburgh South by-election [29]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Charles Henry Lyell 8,694 57.7 +1.3
Liberal Unionist Ralph Glyn 6,367 42.3 −1.3
Majority 2,327 15.4 +2.6
Turnout 15,061 73.7 −15.1
Registered electors 20,433
Liberal hold Swing +1.3
General election January 1910: Edinburgh South[29]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Arthur Dewar 10,235 56.4 −7.4
Liberal Unionist Harold B Cox 7,901 43.6 +7.4
Majority 2,334 12.8 −14.8
Turnout 18,136 88.8 +5.4
Registered electors 20,433
Liberal hold Swing −7.4

Elections in the 1900sEdit

1909 Edinburgh South by-election[30][28]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Arthur Dewar 8,185 54.0 −9.8
Liberal Unionist Harold B Cox 6,964 46.0 +9.8
Majority 1,221 8.0 −19.6
Turnout 15,149 80.6 −2.8
Registered electors 18,789
Liberal hold Swing −9.8
 
Arthur Dewar
General election 1906: Edinburgh South[31][28]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Arthur Dewar 8,945 63.8 +14.3
Liberal Unionist William C. Smith 5,085 36.2 −14.3
Majority 3,860 27.6 N/A
Turnout 14,030 83.4 +6.2
Registered electors 16,832
Liberal gain from Liberal Unionist Swing +14.3
General election 1900: Edinburgh South[32][28]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Andrew Agnew 5,766 50.5 +0.0
Liberal Arthur Dewar 5,655 49.5 +0.0
Majority 111 1.0 +0.0
Turnout 11,421 77.2 −.17
Registered electors 14,794
Liberal Unionist hold Swing +0.0

Elections in the 1890sEdit

1899 Edinburgh South by-election[28]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Arthur Dewar 5,820 53.8 +4.3
Conservative Andrew Wauchope 4,989 46.2 −4.3
Majority 831 7.6 N/A
Turnout 10,809 77.8 −1.1
Registered electors 13,891
Liberal gain from Liberal Unionist Swing +4.3
General election 1895: Edinburgh South[28]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Robert Cox 4,802 50.5 +2.9
Liberal Herbert Paul 4,705 49.5 −2.9
Majority 97 1.0 N/A
Turnout 9,507 78.9 −4.0
Registered electors 12,053
Liberal Unionist gain from Liberal Swing +2.9
 
Herbert Paul
General election 1892: Edinburgh South[28]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Herbert Paul 4,692 52.4 −10.9
Liberal Unionist Lewis MacIver 4,261 47.6 +10.9
Majority 431 4.8 −21.8
Turnout 8,953 82.9 +14.7
Registered electors 10,799
Liberal hold Swing −10.9

Elections in the 1880sEdit

 
Hugh Childers
General election 1886: Edinburgh South[28]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Hugh Childers 3,778 63.3 +23.1
Liberal Unionist Robert Purvis 2,191 36.7 N/A
Majority 1,587 26.6 N/A
Turnout 5,969 68.2 −13.4
Registered electors 8,754
Liberal gain from Independent Liberal Swing N/A
By-election, 9 Feb 1886: Edinburgh South[28]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Hugh Childers Unopposed
Liberal gain from Independent Liberal
By-election, 29 Jan 1886: Edinburgh South[28]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Hugh Childers 4,029 70.0 +29.8
Conservative Walter Hepburne-Scott 1,730 30.0 N/A
Majority 2,299 40.0 N/A
Turnout 5,759 65.8 −15.8
Registered electors 8,754
Liberal gain from Independent Liberal Swing N/A
  • Caused by Harrison's death.
General election 1885: Edinburgh South[28]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Independent Liberal George Harrison 4,273 59.8 N/A
Liberal Thomas Raleigh 2,874 40.2 N/A
Majority 1,399 19.6 N/A
Turnout 7,147 81.6 N/A
Registered electors 8,754
Independent Liberal win (new seat)

Referendum resultsEdit

2016 European Union membership referendumEdit

Constituency Leave votes Remain votes Leave % Remain %
Edinburgh South 10,549 37,069 22.2% 77.8%

2014 Scottish independence referendumEdit

Constituency No votes Yes votes No % Yes %
Edinburgh South 38,298 20,340 65.3% 34.7%

See alsoEdit

Notes and referencesEdit

References
  1. ^ "Labour succeeds in recount seat". 7 May 2010 – via news.bbc.co.uk.
  2. ^ List of Labour MPs elected in 2015 by % majority UK Political.info. Retrieved 2017-01-29
  3. ^ "Revised estimates of leave vote in Westminster constituencies". Retrieved 26 October 2016.
  4. ^ Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, Sixth Schedule
  5. ^ Fifth Periodical Review, Boundary Commission for Scotland Archived 21 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "E" (part 1)
  7. ^ "UK Parliamentary General Election - 12 December 2019". The City of Edinburgh Council. The City of Edinburgh Council. Retrieved 15 November 2019.
  8. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 14 May 2017. Retrieved 11 May 2017.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  9. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  10. ^ Council, The City of Edinburgh. "UK Parliamentary election results 2015 | The City of Edinburgh Council". www.edinburgh.gov.uk.
  11. ^ "Edinburgh South parliamentary constituency - Election 2017" – via www.bbc.co.uk.
  12. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  13. ^ General Election 2010 - Edinburgh South BBC News
  14. ^ "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  15. ^ "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  16. ^ "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  17. ^ "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  18. ^ "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  19. ^ "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  20. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1939
  21. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1934
  22. ^ Oliver and Boyd's Edinburgh Almanack, 1930
  23. ^ Oliver and Boyd's Edinburgh Almanack, 1927
  24. ^ The Times, 8 December 1923
  25. ^ The Times, 23 April 1920. By-election followed Charles Murray's appointment as Solicitor-General for Scotland
  26. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1920
  27. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1922
  28. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Craig, FWS, ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 9781349022984.
  29. ^ a b c Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1916
  30. ^ "South Edinburgh Election". Surrey Mirror. 1909-03-05. Retrieved 42654 – via British Newspaper Archive. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  31. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1907
  32. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1901
Notes
  1. ^ As with all Westminster seats which are extant it elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election.
  2. ^ Since 1986 deposits are lost for a below 5% share of the vote, before which the threshold was 12.5%

Coordinates: 55°54′50″N 3°09′31″W / 55.91389°N 3.15861°W / 55.91389; -3.15861