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A burgh constituency is a type of parliamentary constituency in Scotland. It is a constituency which is predominantly urban, and on this basis has been designated as a burgh constituency. They are the successors of the historic parliamentary burghs of the Parliament of Scotland.
In 1708 parliamentary burghs were allocated to districts of burghs, each district serving as a constituency of the Parliament of Great Britain. In the Parliament of the United Kingdom, from 1801 onwards, this district system continued until it was gradually abolished during the first half of the 20th century.
Modern burgh constituencies are much like county constituencies in the way that their boundaries are drawn, but election candidates are allowed lower expenses, as they do not need to travel as much. For British House of Commons elections, the allowance is £7,150 and 5p per elector. For by-elections, the allowance is always £100,000.
House of Commons constituencies were formerly used for elections to the Scottish Parliament, created in 1999, but they have been de-linked since 2005, by reducing the number of Commons constituencies in Scotland without a corresponding change in the Scottish Parliament. The historic distinction between county and burgh constituencies is maintained in both sets of constituencies.
For Scottish Parliament elections, the allowance is £5,761 and 4.8p per elector.
The following constituencies are designated as burgh constituencies in the Scottish Parliament:
- Aberdeen Central
- Aberdeen Donside
- Airdrie and Shotts
- Coatbridge and Chryston
- Dundee City East
- Dundee City West
- Edinburgh Central
- Edinburgh Eastern
- Edinburgh Northern and Leith
- Edinburgh Pentlands
- Edinburgh Southern
- Edinburgh Western
- Glasgow Anniesland
- Glasgow Cathcart
- Glasgow Kelvin
- Glasgow Maryhill and Springburn
- Glasgow Pollok
- Glasgow Provan
- Glasgow Shettleston
- Glasgow Southside
- Hamilton, Larkhall and Stonehouse
- Motherwell and Wishaw
- Uddingston and Bellshill
- Scottish Parliament constituencies
- United Kingdom constituencies
- Borough constituency (England and Wales)
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