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David Cleghorn Thomson

Thomson in 1935

David Cleghorn Thomson (9 October 1900 – 23 April 1980), was a Scottish journalist, author, playwright, and Liberal and Labour Party politician. He was notably Director of the BBC's Scottish Region.

BackgroundEdit

Thomson was born in Edinburgh, the son of Dr John Thomson FRCPE and his wife, Isobel Macphail. The family lived at 14 Coates Crescent in Edinburgh's fashionable West End.[1]

He was educated at Edinburgh Academy, the University of Edinburgh and Balliol College, Oxford.[2]

Professional careerEdit

In 1923 Thomson was the Editor of Oxford Poetry, a literary magazine. From 1926 to 1933 he was Director of the BBC's Scottish Region.

In 1931 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh. His proposers were Francis Albert Eley Crew, Robert Kerr Hannay, Sir James Walker and John (Ian) Bartholomew. He later resigned from the Society.[3]

Political careerEdit

At the age of just 23, Thomson was Liberal candidate for the Willesden West division of Middlesex at the 1923 General Election. This was not a promising seat for a Liberal; no candidate had stood in 1922 and in 1918 the Liberal came third with less than 9%. Thomson was to also come third, but polled 18%. He returned to his native Edinburgh and was Liberal candidate for the Edinburgh South division at the 1924 General Election. At this election he was reputedly the Liberal Party's youngest candidate in Scotland. Edinburgh South was a Unionist seat that they had gained from the Liberals in 1918. In 1923 his predecessor as Liberal candidate had come within 2,500 votes of winning. This was a seat where the Labour Party had never run a candidate before, and they did not put up a candidate against Thomson. During the campaign, he expressed support for Scottish Home Rule, saying that 'he believed Scotland should have a Parliament of some sort in which to discuss matters purely concerning herself, but he was not in favour of the repeal of the Union'.[4] With the national tide running against the Liberals, Thomson was well beaten and was only able to poll 36% of the vote.

Between 1918 and 1922 the Liberal Party had been split between those who supported the Coalition Government led by David Lloyd George and those who went into opposition, led by H. H. Asquith. The Liberals had re-united for the 1923 and 1924 elections. At the 1924 election, Asquith lost his seat but remained party leader. Lloyd George became Chairman of the Parliamentary Party. A section of the party who remained anti-Lloyd George formed themselves into a 'Radical Group' (sic) and Thomson was the group's first secretary.[5] Despite his defeat in 1924, Thomson was sufficiently motivated to remain prospective Liberal candidate for Edinburgh South. However he resigned this position in 1926 when he became a Director at the BBC.[6] His job at the BBC restricted his involvement in politics, so he did not contest the general elections of 1929 and 1931.

After he left the BBC, he returned to political activity, but this time with the Labour Party. He was Labour candidate for the Leith division of Edinburgh at the 1935 General Election. Leith had been a safe Liberal seat and the sitting member was a supporter of the National Government. Thomson was unable to gain the seat, though he did reduce the majority. He was then Labour candidate for the 1936 Combined Scottish Universities by-election. His National Government opponent on this occasion was former Labour Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald. Labour candidates had always polled poorly in this University seat and Thomson was no different; he came third with only 12% of the vote. He was prospective Labour candidate for the West Renfrewshire division for the general election expected to take place in 1939/40.[7] This had been a Labour seat until 1931 so his prospects for election were good. However, the outbreak of war postponed the election and by the time the election came along in 1945, the Labour Party had chosen another candidate who won the seat. He did not stand for parliament again.[8]

Electoral recordEdit

General Election 1923: Willesden West [9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Samuel Viant 14,004 51.3 +2.8
Unionist George James Furness 8,256 30.3 -18.2
Liberal David Cleghorn Thomson 5,030 18.4 n/a
Majority 5,748 21.0 24.0
Turnout 69.1 +1.4
Labour gain from Unionist Swing +12.0
General Election 1924: Edinburgh South [10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Samuel Chapman 15,854 64.4
Liberal David Cleghorn Thomson 8,777 35.6
Majority
Turnout
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1935: Leith [11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal National Ernest Brown 18,888 57.7 -7.3
Labour David Cleghorn Thomson 13,818 42.2 +7.3
Majority 5,070 15.5 -14.6
Turnout 32,706 65.5 -9.5
Liberal National hold Swing -7.3
1936 Combined Scottish Universities by-election
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Labour Ramsay MacDonald 16,393 56.5 N/A
SNP Andrew Dewar Gibb 9,034 31.1 +16.9
Labour David Cleghorn Thomson 3,597 12.4 N/A
Majority 7,359 37.4
Turnout 54.8 +3.6
National Labour gain from Unionist Swing N/A

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Edinburgh Post Office directory 1900
  2. ^ Oban Times, 2 January 1943.
  3. ^ Biographical Index of Former Fellows of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 1783–2002 (PDF). The Royal Society of Edinburgh. July 2006. ISBN 0 902 198 84 X.
  4. ^ 'The Liberal Faith', Scotsman, 23 September 1924, 8.
  5. ^ C.V., BBC WAC L1/421/4.
  6. ^ 'Political Farewell', Scotsman, 12 November 1926, 12.
  7. ^ Report of the Annual Conference of the Labour Party, 1939
  8. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1973, FWS Craig
  9. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  10. ^ Oliver and Boyd's Edinburgh Almanack, 1927
  11. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1939