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Edinburgh Pentlands (UK Parliament constituency)

Edinburgh Pentlands was a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, first used in the general election of 1950, and abolished prior to the general election of 2005. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election.

Edinburgh Pentlands
Former Burgh constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Edinburgh Pentlands in Scotland for the 2001 general election.
Major settlementsEdinburgh
19502005
Number of membersOne
Replaced byEdinburgh South West
Edinburgh South
Created fromMidlothian and Peebles Northern and Edinburgh South

In 1999, a Scottish Parliament constituency was created with the same name and boundaries, and continues in use. See Edinburgh Pentlands (Scottish Parliament constituency).

Contents

BoundariesEdit

In 2005, prior to the general election, the Westminster constituency was one of six covering the City of Edinburgh council area. Five were entirely within the city council area. One, Edinburgh East and Musselburgh, straddled the boundary with the East Lothian council area, to take in Musselburgh. Edinburgh Pentlands covered a south-western portion of the city council area.

In terms of wards used for elections to the City of Edinburgh Council, 1999 to 2007, Edinburgh Pentlands included wards named Balerno, Baberton, Colinton, Craiglockhart, Fairmilehead, Firrhill, Murrayburn, Parkhead, and Sighthill. The South Morningside ward was split between Edinburgh Pentlands and Edinburgh South. The seat had an urban north and a suburban centre. The remaining area was rural, and included a Pentland Hills area in the south.

In 2005, most of the constituency became part of Edinburgh South West. The Fairmilehead and South Morningside wards went to Edinburgh South. For the 2005 election, there were five constituencies covering the city area, all entirely within that area.[1]

Members of ParliamentEdit

 
Malcolm Rifkind was the longest serving MP for Edinburgh Pentlands, serving from 1974 to 1997.
Election Member[2] Party
1950 Lord John Hope Unionist
1964 Norman Wylie Unionist
Feb 1974 Malcolm Rifkind Conservative
1997 Lynda Clark Labour
2005 constituency abolished: see Edinburgh South West & Edinburgh South

ElectionsEdit

Elections in the 1950sEdit

General Election 1950: Edinburgh Pentlands
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist John Hope 23,107 50.54 n/a
Labour Thomas Alexander MacNair 17,912 39.18 n/a
Liberal Charlotte R McNee 4,703 10.29 n/a
Majority 5,195 11.36 n/a
Turnout 82.01 n/a
Unionist win
General Election 1951: Edinburgh Pentlands
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist John Hope 27,804 57.67
Labour David Connell 20,405 42.33
Majority 7,399 15.35
Turnout 83.34
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1955: Edinburgh Pentlands
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist John Hope 23,496 59.47
Labour David Connell 16,011 40.53
Majority 7,485 18.95
Turnout 77.28
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1959: Edinburgh Pentlands
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist John Hope 25,742 60.30
Labour John Mackintosh 16,950 39.70
Majority 8,792 20.59
Turnout 80.28
Unionist hold Swing

Elections in the 1960sEdit

General Election 1964: Edinburgh Pentlands
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Norman Wylie 20,181 46.04
Labour Magnus John Williamson 17,794 40.59
Liberal Charles L Abernethy 5,862 13.37
Majority 2,387 5.45
Turnout 81.57
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1966: Edinburgh Pentlands
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Norman Wylie 19,176 44.94
Labour William Wallace 19,132 44.84
Liberal Donald Clarke 4,363 10.22
Majority 44 0.10
Turnout 80.48
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1970sEdit

General Election 1970: Edinburgh Pentlands
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Norman Wylie 21,829 46.11
Labour Ewan Stewart 18,646 39.38
Liberal Donald Clarke 4,055 8.56
SNP A W Steven Rae 2,814 5.94
Majority 3,183 6.72
Turnout 76.90
Conservative hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Edinburgh Pentlands
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Malcolm Rifkind 18,162 41.20
Labour John McWilliam 13,560 30.76
Liberal SP Ross-Smith 6,870 15.58
SNP T Forrest 5,491 12.46
Majority 4,602 10.44
Turnout 80.88
Conservative hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Edinburgh Pentlands
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Malcolm Rifkind 14,083 33.93
Labour George Foulkes 12,826 30.90
SNP J Hutchinson 10,189 24.55
Liberal SP Ross-Smith 4,411 10.63
Majority 1,257 3.03
Turnout 75.53
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1979: Edinburgh Pentlands
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Malcolm Rifkind 17,684 39.28 +5.4
Labour AJ Johnstone 16,486 36.62 +5.7
Liberal C Luckhurst 5,919 13.15
SNP S Maxwell 4,934 10.96
Majority 1,198 2.66 -0.3
Turnout 45,023 76.76 +1.2
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1980sEdit

General Election 1983: Edinburgh Pentlands[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Malcolm Rifkind 17,051 39.19 -0.1
Social Democratic Keith Smith 12,742 29.28
Labour E Milligan 10,390 23.88 -12.7
SNP Neil MacCormick 2,642 6.07 -4.9
Ecology Alistair Nicol-Smith 687 1.58
Majority 4,309 9.90 +7.2
Turnout 43,512 73.38 -5.4
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1987: Edinburgh Pentlands[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Malcolm Rifkind 17,278 38.27 -0.9
Labour Mark Lazarowicz 13,533 29.98
Social Democratic Keith Smith 11,072 24.52
SNP Neil MacCormick 3,264 7.23
Majority 3,745 8.30
Turnout 77.67
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1990sEdit

General Election 1992: Edinburgh Pentlands[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Malcolm Rifkind 18,128 40.7 +2.4
Labour Mark Lazarowicz 13,838 31.1 +1.1
SNP Kathleen Caskie 6,882 15.4 +8.2
Liberal Democrat Keith Smith 5,597 12.6 −11.9
Natural Law David Rae 111 0.2
Majority 4,290 9.6 +1.3
Turnout 44,556 80.18 +2.5
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1997: Edinburgh Pentlands[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Lynda Clark 19,675 43.0 +11.9
Conservative Malcolm Rifkind 14,813 32.4 −8.3
SNP Stewart Gibb 5,952 13.0 −2.4
Liberal Democrat Jenny Dawe 4,575 10.0 -2.6
Referendum Malcolm McDonald 422 0.9 n/a
Scottish Green Robin Harper 224 0.5 n/a
UKIP Alistair McConnachie 81 0.2 n/a
Majority 4,862 10.6
Turnout 45,742 76.7
Labour gain from Conservative Swing +10.1

Election in the 2000sEdit

General Election 2001: Edinburgh Pentlands[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Lynda Clark 15,797 40.6 -2.4
Conservative Malcolm Rifkind 14,055 36.1 +3.7
Liberal Democrat David Walker 4,210 10.8 +0.8
SNP Stewart Gibb 4,210 10.8 -2.2
Scottish Socialist James Mearns 555 1.4 n/a
UKIP Bill McMurdo 105 0.3 +0.1
Majority 1,742 4.5 -5.9
Turnout 38,932 64.4 -12.3
Labour hold Swing -3.1

See alsoEdit

Notes and referencesEdit

  1. ^ Fifth Periodical Review, Boundary Commission for Scotland Archived 21 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "E" (part 1)
  3. ^ "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  4. ^ "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  5. ^ "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  6. ^ "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  7. ^ "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.