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Second Salisbury ministry

The Marquess of Salisbury formed his second ministry in an alliance with the Liberal Unionist Party, following the 1886 general election upon his reappointment as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom by Queen Victoria.

Second Salisbury ministry
1886–1892
Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury.jpg
Salisbury (1892)
Date formed25 July 1886 (1886-07-25)
Date dissolved11 August 1892 (1892-08-11)
People and organisations
MonarchVictoria
Prime MinisterLord Salisbury
Total no. of ministers113 appointments
Member partiesConservative Party
Status in legislature
Minority
dependent on Liberal Unionist support
Opposition partyLiberal Party
Opposition leaders
History
Election(s)1886 general election
Outgoing election1892 general election
Legislature term(s)
PredecessorThird Gladstone ministry
SuccessorFourth Gladstone ministry

CabinetEdit

August 1886 to January 1887Edit

Portfolio Minister Took office Left office Party
 The Marquess of Salisbury*25 July 1886 (1886-07-25)11 August 1892 (1892-08-11)Conservative
Lord Chancellor The Lord Halsbury3 August 1886 (1886-08-03)11 August 1892 (1892-08-11)Conservative
Lord President of the Council The Viscount Cranbrook3 August 1886 (1886-08-03)18 August 1892 (1892-08-18)Conservative
Lord Privy Seal The Earl Cadogan3 August 1886 (1886-08-03)11 August 1892 (1892-08-11)Conservative
Secretary of State for the Home Department Henry Matthews3 August 1886 (1886-08-03)15 August 1892 (1892-08-15)Conservative
Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs The Earl of Iddesleigh3 August 1886 (1886-08-03)12 January 1887 (1887-01-12)Conservative
Secretary of State for the Colonies Edward Stanhope3 August 1886 (1886-08-03)14 January 1887 (1887-01-14)Conservative
Secretary of State for War William Henry Smith3 August 1886 (1886-08-03)14 January 1887 (1887-01-14)Conservative
Secretary of State for India The Viscount Cross3 August 1886 (1886-08-03)11 August 1892 (1892-08-11)Conservative
First Lord of the Admiralty Lord George Hamilton1886 (1886)1892 (1892)Conservative
 Lord Randolph Churchill3 August 1886 (1886-08-03)14 January 1887 (1887-01-14)Conservative
President of the Board of Trade The Lord Stanley of Preston3 August 1886 (1886-08-03)21 February 1888 (1888-02-21)Conservative
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster The Viscount Cranbrook3 August 1886 (1886-08-03)16 August 1886 (1886-08-16)Conservative
 The Duke of Rutland16 August 1886 (1886-08-16)11 August 1892 (1892-08-11)Conservative
Chief Secretary for Ireland Sir Michael Hicks Beach5 August 1886 (1886-08-05)7 March 1887 (1887-03-07)Conservative
Secretary for Scotland Arthur Balfour5 August 1886 (1886-08-05)11 March 1887 (1887-03-11)Conservative

January 1887 to August 1892Edit

In 1887, George Goschen of the Liberal Unionist Party joined the ministry as Chancellor of the Exchequer (Cook & Keith 1975, p. 51).

Portfolio Minister Took office Left office Party
 The Marquess of Salisbury*25 July 1886 (1886-07-25)11 August 1892 (1892-08-11)Conservative
 William Henry Smith14 January 1887 (1887-01-14)6 October 1891 (1891-10-06)Conservative
 Arthur Balfour6 October 1891 (1891-10-06)15 August 1892 (1892-08-15)Conservative
Lord Chancellor The Lord Halsbury3 August 1886 (1886-08-03)11 August 1892 (1892-08-11)Conservative
Lord President of the Council The Viscount Cranbrook3 August 1886 (1886-08-03)18 August 1892 (1892-08-18)Conservative
Lord Privy Seal The Earl Cadogan3 August 1886 (1886-08-03)11 August 1892 (1892-08-11)Conservative
Secretary of State for the Home Department Henry Matthews3 August 1886 (1886-08-03)15 August 1892 (1892-08-15)Conservative
Secretary of State for the Colonies The Lord Knutsford14 January 1887 (1887-01-14)11 August 1892 (1892-08-11)Conservative
Secretary of State for War Edward Stanhope14 January 1887 (1887-01-14)11 August 1892 (1892-08-11)Conservative
Secretary of State for India The Viscount Cross3 August 1886 (1886-08-03)11 August 1892 (1892-08-11)Conservative
First Lord of the Admiralty Lord George Hamilton1886 (1886)1892 (1892)Conservative
Chancellor of the Exchequer George Goschen14 January 1887 (1887-01-14)11 August 1892 (1892-08-11)Liberal Unionist
President of the Board of Trade The Lord Stanley of Preston3 August 1886 (1886-08-03)21 February 1888 (1888-02-21)Conservative
 Sir Michael Hicks Beach21 February 1888 (1888-02-21)11 August 1892 (1892-08-11)Conservative
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster The Duke of Rutland16 August 1886 (1886-08-16)11 August 1892 (1892-08-11)Conservative
Chief Secretary for Ireland Arthur Balfour7 March 1887 (1887-03-07)9 November 1891 (1891-11-09)Conservative
 William Jackson9 November 1891 (1891-11-09)11 August 1892 (1892-08-11)Conservative
President of the Local Government Board Charles Ritchie1886 (1886)1892 (1892)Conservative
President of the Board of Agriculture Henry Chaplin9 September 1889 (1889-09-09)11 August 1892 (1892-08-11)Conservative
Minister without Portfolio Sir Michael Hicks Beach7 March 1887 (1887-03-07)20 February 1888 (1888-02-20)Conservative

ChangesEdit

  • February 1888 – Sir Michael Hicks Beach succeeds Lord Stanley of Preston as President of the Board of Trade.
  • September 1889 – Henry Chaplin enters the Cabinet as President of the Board of Agriculture.
  • October 1891 – Arthur Balfour succeeds the late William Henry Smith as First Lord of the Treasury and Leader of the House of Commons. William Jackson succeeds him as Chief Secretary for Ireland.

List of ministersEdit

Cabinet members are listed in bold face.

Office Name Date
Prime Minister[note 1] The Marquess of Salisbury 25 July 1886 –
11 August 1892
Leader of the House of Lords
First Lord of the Treasury The Marquess of Salisbury 9 August 1886
William Henry Smith[note 2] 17 January 1887
Arthur Balfour[note 2] October 1891
Chancellor of the Exchequer Lord Randolph Churchill[note 2] 3 August 1886
George Goschen 14 January 1887
Parliamentary Secretary to the Treasury Aretas Akers-Douglas 3 August 1886
Financial Secretary to the Treasury William Jackson 3 August 1886
Sir John Eldon Gorst 9 November 1891
Junior Lords of the Treasury Sidney Herbert 9 August 1886 –
11 August 1892
William Walrond[note 3] 9 August 1886 –
11 August 1892
Sir Herbert Maxwell 9 August 1886 –
11 August 1892
Lord Chancellor The Lord Halsbury 3 August 1886
Lord President of the Council The Viscount Cranbrook 3 August 1886
Lord Privy Seal The Earl Cadogan[note 4] 3 August 1886
Secretary of State for the Home Department Henry Matthews 3 August 1886
Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department Charles Stuart-Wortley 4 August 1886
Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs The Earl of Iddesleigh 3 August 1886
The Marquess of Salisbury 14 January 1887
Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs Sir James Fergusson 4 August 1886
James Lowther 22 September 1891
Secretary of State for War William Henry Smith 3 August 1886
Edward Stanhope 14 January 1887
Under-Secretary of State for War The Lord Harris 4 August 1886
The Earl Brownlow 1 January 1890
Financial Secretary to the War Office St John Brodrick 4 August 1886
Surveyor-General of the Ordnance[note 5] Sir Henry Northcote 4 August 1886
Secretary of State for the Colonies Edward Stanhope 3 August 1886
Sir Henry Holland[note 6] 14 January 1887
Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies The Earl of Dunraven 3 August 1886
The Earl of Onslow 16 February 1887
Baron Henry de Worms 20 February 1888
Secretary of State for India The Viscount Cross 3 August 1886
Under-Secretary of State for India Sir John Eldon Gorst 4 August 1886
George Curzon 9 November 1891
First Lord of the Admiralty Lord George Hamilton 9 August 1886
Parliamentary and Financial Secretary to the Admiralty Arthur Forwood 9 August 1886
Civil Lord of the Admiralty Ellis Ashmead-Bartlett 9 August 1886
President of the Board of Agriculture Henry Chaplin 9 September 1889
Chief Secretary for Ireland Sir Michael Hicks Beach 5 August 1886
Arthur Balfour 7 March 1887
William Jackson 9 November 1891
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland The Marquess of Londonderry 3 August 1886
The Earl of Zetland 30 July 1889
Lord Chancellor of Ireland The Lord Ashbourne 3 August 1886
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster The Viscount Cranbrook 3 August 1886
Lord John Manners[note 7] 16 August 1886
President of the Local Government Board Charles Ritchie[note 4] 3 August 1886
Parliamentary Secretary to the Local Government Board Walter Long 3 August 1886
Minister without Portfolio Sir Michael Hicks Beach 7 March 1887 –
20 February 1888
Secretary for Scotland Arthur Balfour[note 8] 5 August 1886
The Marquess of Lothian 11 March 1887
President of the Board of Trade Sir Frederick Stanley[note 9] 3 August 1886
Sir Michael Hicks Beach 21 February 1888
Parliamentary Secretary to the Board of Trade Baron Henry de Worms 4 August 1886
The Earl of Onslow 21 February 1888
The Lord Balfour of Burleigh 1 January 1889
Vice-President of the Committee on Education Sir Henry Holland 3 August 1886
Sir William Hart Dyke 25 January 1887
Paymaster General The Earl Beauchamp 19 August 1886
The Earl Brownlow March 1887
The Earl of Jersey 1889
The Lord Windsor December 1890
Postmaster General Henry Cecil Raikes 19 August 1886
Sir James Fergusson 21 September 1891
First Commissioner of Works David Plunket 5 August 1886
Attorney General Sir Richard Webster 5 August 1886
Solicitor General Sir Edward Clarke 6 August 1886
Judge Advocate General William Thackeray Marriott 9 August 1886
Lord Advocate John Macdonald 6 August 1886
James Robertson 27 October 1888
vacant 20 August 1891
Sir Charles Pearson 1 October 1891
Solicitor General for Scotland James Robertson 6 August 1886
Moir Tod Stormonth Darling 27 October 1888
Sir Charles Pearson 31 October 1890
Andrew Murray 1 October 1891
Attorney-General for Ireland Hugh Holmes August 1886
John George Gibson 1887
Peter O'Brien 1888
Dodgson Hamilton Madden 1890
Solicitor-General for Ireland John George Gibson August 1886
Dodgson Hamilton Madden 1888
John Atkinson 1890
Edward Carson June 1892
Lord Steward of the Household The Earl of Mount Edgcumbe 16 August 1886
Lord Chamberlain of the Household The Earl of Lathom 5 August 1886
Vice-Chamberlain of the Household Viscount Lewisham 5 August 1886
Lord Burghley 24 November 1891
Master of the Horse The Duke of Portland 9 August 1886
Treasurer of the Household Viscount Folkestone[note 10] 5 August 1886
Lord Walter Gordon-Lennox 20 November 1891
Comptroller of the Household Lord Arthur Hill 5 August 1886
Captain of the Gentlemen-at-Arms The Viscount Barrington 5 August 1886
The Earl of Rosslyn 24 November 1886
The Earl of Yarborough 11 August 1890
Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard The Earl of Kintore 5 August 1886
The Earl of Limerick 29 January 1889
Master of the Buckhounds The Earl of Coventry 16 August 1886
Mistress of the Robes The Duchess of Buccleuch 5 August 1886
Lords-in-Waiting The Earl of Onslow 5 August 1886 –
21 February 1887
The Earl of Limerick 5 August 1886 –
29 January 1889
The Lord Henniker 5 August 1886 –
11 August 1892
The Earl of Hopetoun 5 August 1886 –
12 August 1889
The Lord Elphinstone 5 August 1886 –
11 August 1892
The Lord de Ros 5 August 1886 –
11 August 1892
The Earl Waldegrave 5 August 1886 –
11 August 1892
The Lord Balfour of Burleigh 21 February 1887 –
18 March 1889
The Earl of Romney 5 February 1889 –
11 August 1892
The Viscount Torrington 18 March 1889 –
20 October 1889
The Lord Churchill 12 August 1889 –
11 August 1892
The Lord de Ramsey 10 March 1890 –
11 August 1892
Extra Lord in Waiting The Lord Sackville 1 October 1876 –
1 October 1888

NotesEdit

  1. ^ The position of Prime Minister was not a formal ministerial office.
  2. ^ a b c Also served as Leader of the House of Commons.
  3. ^ Walrond inherited a baronetcy in 1889.
  4. ^ a b Entered the Cabinet in April 1887.
  5. ^ Office abolished in 1888.
  6. ^ Holland was created Baron Knutsford on 23 February 1888.
  7. ^ Manners succeeded as the 7th Duke of Rutland on 4 March 1888.
  8. ^ Balfour entered the Cabinet in November 1886.
  9. ^ Stanley was created Baron Stanley of Preston on 27 August 1886.
  10. ^ Folkestone succeeded as the 5th Earl of Radnor on 11 March 1889.

ReferencesEdit

  • Tout, T. F. (1910). An advanced history of Great Britain from the earliest times to the death of Edward VII. New York: Longmans, Green. pp. 740–741. OL 13991885M.
  • Cook, Chris; Keith, Brendan (18 June 1975). British Historical Facts: 1830–1900 (1st ed.). Palgrave Macmillan UK. ISBN 978-1-349-01348-7.
Preceded by
Third Gladstone ministry
Government of the United Kingdom
1886–1892
Succeeded by
Fourth Gladstone ministry