Peerage of Great Britain

The Peerage of Great Britain comprises all extant peerages created in the Kingdom of Great Britain between the Acts of Union 1707 and the Acts of Union 1800. It replaced the Peerage of England and the Peerage of Scotland, but was itself replaced by the Peerage of the United Kingdom in 1801 (see also: Peerages in the United Kingdom).

The ranks of the Peerage of Great Britain are Duke, Marquess, Earl, Viscount and Baron. Until the passage of the House of Lords Act 1999, all peers of Great Britain could sit in the House of Lords.

Some peerages of Great Britain were created for peers in the Peerage of Scotland and Peerage of Ireland as they did not have an automatic seat in the House of Lords until the Peerage Act 1963 which gave Scottish Peers an automatic right to sit in the Lords.

In the following table of peers of Great Britain, holders of higher or equal titles in the other peerages are listed. Those peers who are known by a higher title in one of the other peerages are listed in italics.

RanksEdit

The ranks of the peerage are Duke, Marquess, Earl, Viscount, and Baron.[1]

TitlesEdit

Marquesses, earls, viscounts and barons are all addressed as 'Lord X', where 'X' represents either their territory or surname pertaining to their title. Marchionesses, countesses, viscountesses and baronesses are all addressed as 'Lady X'. Dukes and duchesses are addressed just as 'Duke' or 'Duchess' or, in a non-social context, 'Your Grace'.

Creation of peersEdit

The last non-royal dukedom of Great Britain was created in 1766, and the last marquessate of Great Britain was created in 1796. Creation of the remaining ranks ceased when the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland was formed; subsequent creations of peers were in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.

The last 8 (6 non-royal and two royal) people who were created hereditary peers (from 1798 to 1800) were:

Grandee Date of creation Title(s) Noted for
Sir Horatio Nelson 6 October 1798 (extinct) Baron Nelson Military peerage–Navy
Prince Edward 23 April 1799 (extinct) Duke of Kent and Strathearn
Earl of Dublin
Fourth son of King George III
Prince Ernest Augustus 23 April 1799 (suspended) Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale
Earl of Armagh
Fifth son of King George III
Sir John Scott 18 July 1799 Baron Eldon He was the incumbent Lord Chief Justice of the Common Pleas.
John FitzGibbon, 1st Earl of Clare 31 August 1799 (extinct) Baron FitzGibbon He was the incumbent Lord High Chancellor of Ireland.
Also he had an imperial peerage in the House of Lords as Irish Peers were not allowed to sit in the Lords.
Alexander Hood, 1st Baron Bridport 16 June 1800 Viscount Bridport Military peerage–Navy
Charles Cadogan, 3rd Baron Cadogan 27 December 1800 Earl Cadogan
Viscount Chelsea
 
James Harris, 1st Baron Malmesbury 29 December 1800 Earl of Malmesbury
Viscount FitzHarris
 

Lists of peersEdit

Lists of extant peeragesEdit

Extant dukedomsEdit

  •   Subsidiary title.
  •   Imperial peerage created for peers of Scotland and Ireland to have an automatic seat in the House of Lords until 1963 for Scotland and 1999 for Ireland.
Shield Title Creation Grantee Reason Monarch
 
 
10 September 1711   James Hamilton, Duke of Hamilton[note 1] His descendants sat in the House of Lords until 1963.[note 2] Queen Anne
 
 
28 April 1719   Charles Montagu, Earl of Manchester   King George I
 
 
22 October 1766   Hugh Percy, Earl of Northumberland Former Viceroy of Ireland. King George III
 
 
24 April 1799 Prince Ernest Augustus Currently suspended

Extant marquessatesEdit

Shield Title Creation Grantee Reason Monarch
 
 
6 December 1784   William Petty, Earl of Shelburne Former Prime Minister. King George III
 
 
Marquess of Stafford 1 March 1786 Duke of Sutherland in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
 
 
31 October 1787   George Townshend, Viscount Townshend Military peerage–Army.
 
 
Marquess of Salisbury 18 August 1789   James Cecil, Earl of Salisbury Incumbent Lord Chamberlain of the Household.
 
 
Marquess of Bath 24 August 1789   Thomas Thynne, Viscount Weymouth Incumbent Groom of the Stool.
 
 
Marquess of Abercorn 15 October 1790 Duke of Abercorn in the Peerage of Ireland.
 
 
5 July 1793   Francis Seymour-Conway, Earl of Hertford Former Lord Chamberlain of the Household.
 
 
21 March 1796   John Stuart, Earl of Bute

Extant earldomsEdit

Shield Title Creation Grantee Reason Monarch
 
 
3 September 1711   Robert Shirley, Baron Ferrers of Chartley Queen Anne
 
 
5 September 1711   William Legge, Baron Dartmouth Former cabinet minister.
 
 
Earl of Tankerville 19 October 1714   Charles Bennet, Baron Ossulston King George I
 
 
Earl of Aylesford 19 October 1714   Heneage Finch, Baron Guernsey Former cabinet minister.
 
 
Earl of Bristol 19 October 1714 Marquess of Bristol in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
 
 
15 November 1721   Thomas Parker, Baron Parker Incumbent Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain.[note 2]
 
 
23 May 1722 Held by the Duke of Montrose in the Peerage of Scotland since 1742.[note 2]
 
 
13 September 1729   James Waldegrave, Baron Waldegrave Incumbent Ambassador of the Holy Roman Empire King George II
 
 
9 February 1742   William Stanhope, Baron Harrington Incumbent cabinet minister.
 
 
Earl of Portsmouth 11 April 1743   John Wallop, Viscount Lymington
 
 
7 July 1746   Francis Greville, Baron Brooke
 
 
8 July 1746 Duke of Sutherland in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
 
 
Earl of Buckinghamshire 5 September 1746   John Hobart, Baron Hobart
 
 
2 October 1749 Held by the Duke of Northumberland in the Peerage of Great Britain since 1766.[note 2]
 
 
3 August 1750 Marquess of Hertford in the Peerage of Great Britain.[note 2]
 
 
Earl of Guilford 8 April 1752   Francis North, Baron Guilford
 
 
2 April 1754   Philip Yorke, Baron Hardwicke Incumbent Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain.
 
 
Earl of Ilchester 17 June 1756   Stephen Fox-Strangways, Baron Ilchester and Stavordale [note 2]
 
 
Earl of Warwick 30 November 1759 Held by the Earl Brooke in the Peerage of Great Britain since 1759.
 
 
18 March 1761   John West, Baron De La Warr King George III
 
 
31 October 1765   William Bouverie, Viscount Folkestone [note 2]
 
 
1 November 1765   John Spencer, Viscount Spencer
 
 
27 August 1772   Allen Bathurst, Baron Bathurst
 
 
28 August 1772 Marquess of Downshire in the Peerage of Ireland.
 
 
Earl of Ailesbury 10 June 1776 Marquess of Ailesbury in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
 
 
Earl of Clarendon 14 June 1776   Thomas Villiers, Baron Hyde Incumbent cabinet minister.
 
 
Earl of Mansfield 31 October 1776   William Murray, Baron Mansfield Incumbent Lord Chief Justice of the King's Bench.[note 2]
 
 
17 May 1784 Marquess of Abergavenny in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
 
 
Earl of Uxbridge 19 May 1784 Marquess of Anglesey in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
 
 
3 July 1784 Held by the Earl of Shrewsbury in the Peerage of England since 1858.
 
 
5 July 1784 Duke of Westminster in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
 
 
13 May 1786 Marquess Camden in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
 
 
Earl of Mount Edgcumbe 31 August 1789   George Edgcumbe, Viscount Mount Edgcumbe and Valletort
 
 
1 September 1789   Hugh Fortescue, Baron Fortescue
 
 
Earl of Beverley 2 November 1790 Held by the Duke of Northumberland in the Peerage of Great Britain since 1865.
 
 
Earl of Mansfield 1 August 1792 Held by the Earl of Mansfield in the Peerage of Great Britain since 1843.[note 2]
 
 
Earl of Carnarvon 3 July 1793   Henry Herbert, Baron Porchester
 
 
27 December 1800   Charles Cadogan, Baron Cadogan
 
 
29 December 1800   James Harris, Baron Malmesbury

Extant viscountciesEdit

Shield Title Creation Grantee Reason Monarch
 
 
7 July 1712 The Rt Hon. Henry St John, MP Incumbent cabinet minister.[note 2] Queen Anne
 
 
2 July 1716 Held by the Viscount Bolingbroke in the Peerage of Great Britain since 1751.[note 2] King George I
 
 
2 July 1717 Held by the Earl of Harrington in the Peerage of Great Britain since 1967.[note 2]
 
 
23 May 1718   Richard Temple, Baron Cobham Military peerage–Army.[note 2]
 
 
9 June 1720 Hugh Boscawen, Esq, MP Former Member of Parliament for the Whig Party.
 
 
11 June 1720 Earl of Portsmouth in the Peerage of Great Britain.
 
 
21 September 1721 The Rt Hon. Sir George Byng, Bt., MP Military peerage–Navy.
 
 
Viscount Leinster 21 February 1747 Duke of Leinster in the Peerage of Ireland. King George II
 
 
29 June 1747 Earl of Radnor in the Peerage of Great Britain.
 
 
3 April 1761 Earl Spencer in the Peerage of Great Britain. King George III
 
 
Viscount Mount Edgcumbe and Valletort 5 March 1781 Earl of Mount Edgcumbe in the Peerage of Great Britain.
 
 
Viscount Hamilton 8 August 1786 Duke of Abercorn in the Peerage of Ireland.
 
 
Viscount Hood 1 June 1796   Samuel Hood, Baron Hood, MP Military peerage–Navy.
 
 
26 October 1796 Earl of Lonsdale in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.[note 2]

Extant baroniesEdit

Shield Title Creation Grantee Reason Monarch
 
 
Baron Boyle of Marston 5 September 1711   Charles Boyle, Earl of Orrery, also held with the Earl of Cork since 1753. His descendants sat in the House of Lords until 1999. Queen Anne
 
 
Baron Hay 31 December 1711 Held by the Earl of Kinnoull in the Peerage of Scotland since 1719.
 
 
Baron Bathhurst 1 January 1712 Earl Bathurst in the Peerage of Great Britain.
 
 
Baron Middleton 1 January 1712 Sir Thomas Willoughby, Bt., MP Former Member of Parliament for Nottinghamshire and Newark.
 
 
Baron Parker 10 March 1716 Earl of Macclesfield in the Peerage of Great Britain. King George I
 
 
Baron Onslow 19 June 1716 Earl of Onslow in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.[note 2]
 
 
Baron Romney 22 June 1716 Earl of Romney in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
 
 
Baron Newburgh 10 July 1716 Marquess of Cholmondeley in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
 
 
Baron Cadogan 8 May 1718 Earl Cadogan in the Peerage of Great Britain.
 
 
Baron Percy 21 January 1722[2] Held by the Duke of Northumberland in the Peerage of Great Britain since 1957.
 
 
Baron Walpole 1 June 1723 Robert Walpole, Esq. [note 2]
 
 
Baron Hobart 28 May 1728 Earl of Buckinghamshire in the Peerage of Great Britain. King George II
 
 
Baron Monson 28 May 1728 Sir John Monson, Bt., MP Former Member of Parliament for Lincolnshire, Castle Rising and Cricklade.
 
 
Baron Harrington 6 January 1730 Earl of Harrington in the Peerage of Great Britain.
 
 
Baron Hardwicke 23 November 1733 Earl of Hardwicke in the Peerage of Great Britain.
 
 
Baron Talbot of Hensol 5 December 1733 Earl of Shrewsbury in the Peerage of England.
 
 
Baron Ilchester 11 May 1741 Earl of Ilchester in the Peerage of Great Britain.
 
 
Baron Strangways 11 May 1741 Earl of Ilchester in the Peerage of Great Britain.
 
 
Baron Edgcumbe 20 April 1742 Earl of Mount Edgcumbe in the Peerage of Great Britain.
 
 
Baron Bruce 17 April 1746 Marquess of Ailesbury in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.[note 2]
 
 
Baron Fortescue 5 July 1746 Earl Fortescue in the Peerage of Great Britain.[note 2]
 
 
Baron Ilchester and Stavordale 12 January 1747 Earl of Ilchester in the Peerage of Great Britain.[note 2]
 
 
Baron Ponsonby of Sysonby 12 June 1749   Brabazon Ponsonby, Earl of Bessborough, MP His descendants sat in the House of Lords until 1999.
 
 
Baron Vere of Hanworth 28 March 1750 Held by the Duke of St Albans in the Peerage of England since 1787.
 
 
Baron Hyde 3 June 1756 Earl of Clarendon in the Peerage of Great Britain.[note 2]
 
 
Baron Walpole 4 June 1756 Held by the Baron Walpole in the Peerage of Great Britain since 1931.
 
 
Baron Harwich 17 November 1756 Marquess of Downshire in the Peerage of Ireland.
 
 
Baron Wycombe 17 May 1760 Marquess of Lansdowne in the Peerage of Great Britain.
 
 
Baron Mount Stuart of Wortley 3 April 1761 Marquess of Bute in the Peerage of Great Britain. King George III
 
 
Baron Grosvenor 8 April 1761 Duke of Westminster in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
  Baron Scarsdale 9 April 1761 Held by the Viscount Scarsdale in the Peerage of the United Kingdom since 1911.
 
 
Baron Boston 10 April 1761 Sir William Irby, Bt. Former Member of Parliament for Launceston and Bodmin.
 
 
Baron Pelham of Stanmer 4 May 1762 Earl of Chichester in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.[note 2]
 
 
Baron Vernon 12 May 1762 George Venables-Vernon, Esq, MP Former Member of Parliament for Lichfield and Derby.
 
 
Baron Ducie 27 April 1763 Earl of Ducie in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.[note 2]
 
 
Baron Camden 17 July 1765 Marquess Camden in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
 
 
Baron Digby 19 August 1765   Henry Digby, Baron Digby, MP His descendants sat in the House of Lords until 1999.[note 2]
 
 
Baron Sundridge 22 December 1766 Held by the Duke of Argyll in the Peerage of Scotland since 1770.[note 2]
 
 
Baron Apsley 24 January 1771 Held by the Earl Bathurst in the Peerage of Great Britain since 1775.
 
 
Baron Brownlow 20 May 1776 Sir Brownlow Cust, Bt., MP Former Member of Parliament for Lincolnshire and Stamford.
 
 
Baron Cardiff 20 May 1776 Marquess of Bute in the Peerage of Great Britain.
 
 
Baron Cranley 20 May 1776 Earl of Onslow in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
  Baron Foley 20 May 1776 Thomas Foley, Esq, MP Former Member of Parliament for Stafford.
 
 
Baron Hamilton of Hameldon 20 May 1776 Held by the Duke of Argyll in the Peerage of Scotland since 1806.
 
 
Baron Harrowby 20 May 1776 Earl of Harrowby in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
  Baron Hawke 20 May 1776 The Rt. Hon. Sir Edward Hawke, MP Military peerage–Navy.
 
 
Baron Southampton 17 September 1780 Charles FitzRoy, Esq. Military peerage–Army.
 
 
Baron Bagot 12 October 1780 Sir William Bagot, Bt. Former Member of Parliament for the Staffordshire.
 
 
Baron Dynevor 17 October 1780   William Talbot, Earl Talbot Incumbent Lord Steward of the Household.[note 2]
 
 
Baron Porchester 17 October 1780 Earl of Carnarvon in the Peerage of Great Britain.
  Baron Walsingham 17 October 1780 The Rt. Hon. Sir William de Grey Former Lord Chief Justice of the Common Pleas.
 
 
Baron Grantley 9 April 1782 The Rt. Hon. Sir Fletcher Norton, MP Former Speaker of the House of Commons.
  Baron Rodney 19 June 1782 Sir George Brydges Rodney, Bt., MP Military peerage–Navy.
 
 
Baron Lovaine 28 January 1784 Duke of Northumberland in the Peerage of Great Britain.[note 2]
  Baron Somers 17 May 1784 Sir Charles Cocks, Bt. Former Member of Parliament for Reigate.
 
 
Baron Boringdon 18 May 1784 Earl of Morley in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
 
 
Baron Eliot 13 June 1784 Earl of St Germans in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
 
 
Baron Carleton 21 August 1786   Richard Boyle, Earl of Shannon, MP His descendants sat in the House of Lords until 1999.
 
 
Baron Suffield 21 August 1786 Sir Harbord Harbord, Bt., MP Former Member of Parliament for the Whig Party.
 
 
Baron Tyrone 21 August 1786 Marquess of Waterford in the Peerage of Ireland.
 
 
Baron Kenyon 9 June 1788 The Rt. Hon. Sir Lloyd Kenyon, Bt., MP Incumbent Lord Chief Justice of the King's Bench.
 
 
Baron Howe 19 August 1788 Earl Howe in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.[note 2]
  Baron Braybrooke 5 September 1788   John Griffin, Baron Howard de Walden Military peerage–Army.[note 2]
 
 
Baron Malmesbury 19 September 1788 Earl of Malmesbury in the Peerage of Great Britain.
 
 
Baron Fisherwick 3 July 1790 Marquess of Donegall in the Peerage of Ireland.
 
 
Baron Verulam 6 July 1790 Earl of Verulam in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
  Baron Gage 1 November 1790   William Gage, Viscount Gage, MP His descendants sat in the House of Lords until 1999.[note 2]
  Baron Thurlow 11 June 1792   Edward Thurlow, Baron Thurlow Incumbent Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain.[note 2]
  Baron Auckland 22 May 1793   William Eden, Baron Auckland, MP His descendants sat in the House of Lords until 1999.
 
 
Baron Bradford 13 August 1794 Earl of Bradford in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
 
 
Baron Clive 13 August 1794 Earl of Powis in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
 
 
Baron Curzon 13 August 1794 Earl Howe in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
 
 
Baron Dundas 13 August 1794 Marquess of Zetland in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
 
 
Baron Lyttelton 13 August 1794 Held by the Viscount Cobham in the Peerage of Great Britain since 1889.
 
 
Baron Mendip 13 August 1794 Held by the Earl of Normanton in the Peerage of Ireland since 1974.[note 2]
 
 
Baron Mulgrave 13 August 1794 Marquess of Normanby in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
 
 
Baron Yarborough 13 August 1794 Earl of Yarborough in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
 
 
Baron Hood 27 May 1795 Viscount Hood in Peerage of Great Britain.
 
 
Baron Loughborough 31 October 1795 Earl of Rosslyn in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.[note 2]
 
 
Baron Rous 28 May 1796 Earl of Stradbroke in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
  Baron Brodrick 1 June 1796   George Brodrick, Viscount Midleton, MP His descendants sat in the House of Lords until 1999.[note 2]
 
 
Baron Stuart 4 June 1796   Francis Stuart, Earl of Moray[note 1] His descendants sat in the House of Lords until 1963.
 
 
Baron Stewart of Garlies 6 June 1796   John Stewart, Earl of Galloway, MP His descendants sat in the House of Lords until 1963.
 
 
Baron Saltersford 7 June 1796   James Stopford, Earl of Courtown His descendants sat in the House of Lords until 1999.
 
 
Baron Harewood 18 June 1796 Earl of Harewood in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
 
 
Baron Cawdor 21 June 1796 Earl Cawdor in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
 
 
Baron Bolton 20 October 1797 The Rt. Hon. Thomas Orde-Powlett Former cabinet minister.
 
 
Baron Carrington 20 October 1797   Robert Smith, Baron Carrington, MP His descendants sat in the House of Lords until 1999.
 
 
Baron Minto 20 October 1797 Earl of Minto in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
 
 
Baron Lilford 26 October 1797 Thomas Powys, Esq. Former Member of Parliament for Northamptonshire.
 
 
Baron Wodehouse 26 October 1797 Earl of Kimberley in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
 
 
Baron Eldon 18 July 1799 Earl of Eldon in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.

Extinct peerages since the passage of the House of Lords Act 1999Edit

Extinct baroniesEdit

Shield Title Creation Extinct Grantee Reason Monarch
 
 
Baron King 29 May 1725 31 January 2018 Sir Peter King Incumbent Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain. King George I
 
 
Baron Lovel and Holland 7 May 1762 6 November 2011   John Perceval, Earl of Egmont, MP His descendants sat in the House of Lords until 1999. King George III

Current titles without heirsEdit

Current peers of Great BritainEdit

Title Monarch
Barons
Baron Hawke King George III

Current Scottish and Irish peers with British titlesEdit

Currently none

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b Scottish Representative Peer
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag Current peerage with special remainder.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "The Dukes of the Peerage of the United Kingdom". Archived from the original on 12 May 2008. Retrieved 11 May 2008.
  2. ^ Created by error