Newark (UK Parliament constituency)
Newark is a constituency[n 1] in Nottinghamshire, England. It is currently represented by Robert Jenrick of the Conservative Party who won the seat in a by-election on 5 June 2014, following the resignation of Patrick Mercer in April 2014.[n 2]
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Newark in Nottinghamshire
|Local government in England||Nottinghamshire|
|Electorate||72,407 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Newark-on-Trent, Southwell|
|Member of Parliament||Robert Jenrick (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|Number of members||Two|
|Type of constituency||Borough constituency|
|European Parliament constituency||East Midlands|
- 1 Boundaries
- 2 History
- 3 Constituency profile
- 4 Members of Parliament
- 5 Elections
- 5.1 Elections in the 2010s
- 5.2 Elections in the 2000s
- 5.3 Elections in the 1990s
- 5.4 Elections in the 1980s
- 5.5 Elections in the 1970s
- 5.6 Elections in the 1960s
- 5.7 Elections in the 1950s
- 5.8 Elections in the 1940s
- 5.9 Elections in the 1930s
- 5.10 Elections in the 1920s
- 5.11 Elections in the 1910s
- 5.12 Elections in the 1900s
- 5.13 Elections in the 1890s
- 5.14 Elections in the 1880s
- 5.15 Elections in the 1870s
- 5.16 Elections in the 1860s
- 5.17 Elections in the 1850s
- 5.18 Elections in the 1840s
- 6 See also
- 7 Notes and references
1918-1950: The Municipal Borough of Newark, and the Rural Districts of Bingham, Newark, and Southwell.
1950-1983: The Municipal Borough of Newark, the Urban District of Mansfield Woodhouse, and the Rural Districts of Newark and Southwell.
1983-2010: The District of Newark wards of Beacon, Bridge, Bullpit Pinfold, Castle, Caunton, Collingham, Devon, Elston, Farndon, Magnus, Meering, Milton Lowfield, Muskham, Southwell East, Southwell West, Sutton on Trent, Trent, and Winthorpe, and the District of Bassetlaw wards of East Markham, East Retford East, East Retford North, East Retford West, Elkesley, Trent, and Tuxford.
2010–present: The District of Newark and Sherwood wards of Balderton North, Balderton West, Beacon, Bridge, Castle, Caunton, Collingham and Meering, Devon, Farndon, Lowdham, Magnus, Muskham, Southwell East, Southwell North, Southwell West, Sutton-on-Trent, Trent, and Winthorpe, the District of Bassetlaw wards of East Markham, Rampton, Tuxford, and Trent, and the Borough of Rushcliffe wards of Bingham East, Bingham West, Cranmer, Oak, and Thoroton.
The constituency covers large parts of the Newark and Sherwood district which encompasses the east of Nottinghamshire, as such includes the towns of Newark-on-Trent and Southwell, and the villages of Collingham and Sutton-on-Trent. It also covers parts of the Bassetlaw and Rushcliffe areas including Markham Moor and Bingham.
Newark was the last borough to be added to the Unreformed House of Commons which took place in 1673, prior to the Reform Act 1832. It returned two representatives to Parliament from 1673 until 1885. The future Prime Minister, William Ewart Gladstone, began his political career as Member of Parliament for Newark from 1832 to 1845.
More recently, the Labour Party held Newark (on substantially different boundaries to the present ones) from 1950 until 1979, when it was taken by the Conservatives' Richard Alexander. Alexander lost his seat during Labour's landslide victory at the 1997 general election. The victorious Labour candidate, Fiona Jones, was convicted of electoral fraud and expelled from the House of Commons in 1999 over misrepresented election expenses. The conviction was later overturned upon appeal and she returned to Parliament. However, Jones lost her seat at the 2001 general election to Patrick Mercer of the Conservatives, who held it until 2014.
The Newark constituency in 2010 lost the town of Retford to the Bassetlaw constituency (although Newark still has a smaller part of the Bassetlaw district), but gained land in and around Bingham from the Rushcliffe constituency, thus making it much safer Conservative territory.
Following an investigation by Commons authorities finding that Mr Mercer had engaged in paid lobbying, not properly reported the income or declared his interest, and repeatedly seriously denigrated other members, Patrick Mercer stepped down as MP for Newark on 30 April 2014.
Robert Jenrick was elected in the subsequent by-election, in the Conservative Party's largest by-election majority for four decades. He was appointed on 24 July 2019 as Secretary of State for Housing, Communities and Local Government under Prime Minister Boris Johnson.
Many towns are historic in architecture with many well-preserved listed buildings whereas much of the council housing in the constituency has been privately acquired and improved under the right to buy. Nonetheless there is a significant minority of social housing but this dependency and the proportion of flats is lower than the national average across the three districts.
Labour held the seat for one term following their 1997 landslide victory, but subsequent major boundary changes have brought in more rural areas and made the seat into one of the most strongly Conservative voting in the UK.
Members of ParliamentEdit
MPs before 1885Edit
MPs since 1885Edit
Elections in the 2010sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||David Watts|
|Liberal Democrat||David Watts||2,786||5.1||0.5|
|Liberal Democrat||David Dobbie||2,385||4.6||-15.4|
|Consensus – The Community Party||Helen Tyrer||637||1.2||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat||David Watts||1,004||2.6||-17.4|
|Monster Raving Loony||Nick The Flying Brick||168||0.4||N/A|
|Bus-Pass Elvis||David Bishop||87||0.2||N/A|
|Common Good||Dick Rodgers||64||0.2||N/A|
|Patriotic Socialist Party||Lee Woods||18||0.1||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat||Pauline Jenkins||10,246||20.0||+1.6|
Elections in the 2000sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||Stuart Thompstone||7,276||15.9||+2.7|
|Liberal Democrat||David Harding-Price||5,970||13.2||+1.8|
|Socialist Alliance||Ian Thomson||462||1.0||N/A|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing|
Elections in the 1990sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||Peter Harris||5,960||11.5|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing|
|Liberal Democrat||Peter R. B. Harris||7,342||13.0||−5.8|
|Green||Patricia A. Wood||435||0.8||N/A|
Elections in the 1980sEdit
|Social Democratic||George Emerson||9,833||18.8|
|Social Democratic||S. Thompstone||10,076||20.60|
Elections in the 1970sEdit
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing|
|Conservative||D. H. Cargill||20,827||37.50|
|Liberal||I. G. M. Jones||8,116||14.61|
|Conservative||D. H. Cargill||27,089||46.17|
|Conservative||Donald G. Allen||25,235||48.82|
Elections in the 1960sEdit
Elections in the 1950sEdit
|Conservative||Ronald H. Watson||20,916||47.57|
|Conservative||Ronald H. Watson||22,817||42.81|
|Liberal||Ernest Harold Pickering||2,950||5.52|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing|
Elections in the 1940sEdit
|Labour||Hugh Champion de Crespigny||17,448||42.35|
|Liberal||Harold Francis Calladine||5,175||12.56|
|Common Wealth||Edward Moeran||3,189||9.70|
|Independent Liberal||John Thomas Pepper||2,473||7.52|
Elections in the 1930sEdit
|Labour||Archibald Ward Sharman||13,127||37.59|
|Labour||John Rotherford Bellerby||10,840||29.87|
Elections in the 1920sEdit
|Labour||William Richard Grosvenor Haywood||8,060||23.3||+1.5|
Elections in the 1910sEdit
|C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.|
General Election 1914/15:
Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;
- Unionist: Arthur Colefax
- Liberal: Robert Burley Wallis
|Liberal||Robert Burley Wallis||4,307||46.0||+0.3|
|Liberal||Robert Burley Wallis||4,618||45.7||-2.5|
Elections in the 1900sEdit
|Liberal||Alexis Moreton Mandeville||4,444||48.2||N/A|
|Liberal||Henry Yorke Stanger||2,871||35.7||N/A|
Elections in the 1890sEdit
- Caused by Finch-Hatton's resignation.
Elections in the 1880sEdit
|Turnout||2,017 (est)||87.8 (est)||−1.4|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+1.4|
Elections in the 1870sEdit
|Turnout||1,761 (est)||89.2 (est)||+7.9|
|Conservative||William Campbell Sleigh||653||42.6||N/A|
|Independent Liberal||George Grey||52||3.4||N/A|
- Caused by Denison's death.
Elections in the 1860sEdit
|Independent Liberal||Philip Handley||826||28.2||N/A|
|Turnout||1,466 (est)||81.3 (est)||N/A|
Elections in the 1850sEdit
|Turnout||670 (est)||87.8 (est)||N/A|
|Peelite gain from Conservative|
|Radical||Marcus Mereweather Turner||362||26.1||N/A|
|Turnout||693 (est)||79.9 (est)||−1.3|
|Peelite gain from Conservative||Swing||N/A|
Elections in the 1840sEdit
|Conservative||George Hussey Packe||443||28.7||N/A|
|Turnout||772 (est)||81.2 (est)||−8.8|
- Caused by Gladstone's appointment as Secretary of State for War and the Colonies
|Conservative||William Ewart Gladstone||Unopposed|
|Conservative||William Ewart Gladstone||633||38.2||N/A|
|Conservative gain from Whig||Swing||N/A|
- Caused by Wilde's appointment as Solicitor General for England and Wales
Notes and referencesEdit
- "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- Byers, David (8 March 2007). "Exclusive Tory frontbencher sparks race row with black bastards gibe". The Times. London.
- "Former Tory MP Mercer resigns after Commons suspension". BBC. Retrieved 29 April 2014.
- "Newark Conservative: Patrick Mercer". The Guardian. London.
- "Ordnance Survey map, courtesy of English Heritage".
- "Local statistics - Office for National Statistics". www.ons.gov.uk.
- "2011 census interactive maps". Archived from the original on 29 January 2016.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "N" (part 1)
- Craig, F. W. S. (1989) . British parliamentary election results 1832–1885 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. pp. 215–6. ISBN 0-900178-26-4.
- Stooks Smith, Henry. (1973) [1844–1850]. Craig, F. W. S. (ed.). The Parliaments of England (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. pp. 249–251. ISBN 0-900178-13-2.
- Mosse, Richard Bartholomew (1838). The Parliamentary Guide: a concise history of the Members of both Houses, etc. p. 230. Retrieved 26 November 2018 – via Google Books.
- Disraeli, Benjamin (1982). Gunn, John A. W.; Matthews, John P.; Schurman, Donald M.; Wiebe, Melvin G. (eds.). Benjamin Disraeli—Letters:1835–1837. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. p. 554. ISBN 9781442639546. Retrieved 26 November 2018 – via Google Books.
- "Representation of Newark". Nottinghamshire Guardian. 8 July 1852. p. 5. Retrieved 28 May 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Nottingham Review and General Advertiser for the Midland Counties". 9 July 1852. p. 4. Retrieved 28 May 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Cambridge Independent Press". 4 April 1857. p. 8. Retrieved 28 May 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Edinburgh Evening Courant". 11 April 1857. p. 2. Retrieved 28 May 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Liberal Democrat Parliamentary Candidates". Mark Pack. Retrieved 28 October 2019.
- "Election Data 2017". BBC. Retrieved 14 June 2017.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Newark by-election candidate names confirmed". BBC News. 13 May 2014.
- Returning officer's declaration, BBC television, 6 June 2014
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1918–1949, FWS Craig
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
- Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
- The Liberal Year Book, 1907
- Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
- "Election intelligence". The Times (36069). London. 19 February 1900. p. 13.
- Craig, FWS, ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 9781349022984.
- Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
- "Newark". Belfast Telegraph. 31 January 1874. p. 3. Retrieved 10 January 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "The Newark Election". Morning Advertiser. 28 March 1870. p. 4. Retrieved 10 January 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Newark". Birmingham Daily Post. 17 November 1868. p. 6. Retrieved 6 March 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "The General Election". Stamford Mercury. 20 November 1868. pp. 3–4. Retrieved 6 March 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Newark". Sheffield Daily Telegraph. 15 April 1859. pp. 2–3. Retrieved 28 May 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "The General Election". Morning Post. 9 July 1852. p. 2. Retrieved 28 May 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Newark". Lincolnshire Chronicle. 6 August 1847. p. 6. Retrieved 26 November 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "District News". Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser. 3 July 1841. pp. 2–3. Retrieved 26 November 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.