Earl of Bristol

Earl of Bristol is a title that has been created twice in British history, and was attested once before. Antiquaries Carew and Williams refer to Reginald de Dunstanville (c. 1110–1175, the illegitimate son of King Henry I) as Earl of Bristol.[1][2] However, the first confirmed creation came in the Peerage of England in 1622 in favour of the politician and diplomat John Digby[3] who served for many years as Ambassador to Spain, and had already been created Baron Digby of Sherborne, in the County of Dorset, in 1618, also in the Peerage of England.[4] Digby was the brother of Sir Robert Digby of Coleshill, Warwickshire, whose son Robert Digby became 1st Baron Digby of Geashill in the Peerage of Ireland in 1620. (See the article Baron Digby for more information on this other branch of the family).

Arms of Digby, Earl of Bristol: Azure, a fleur-de-lys argent
Arms of Hervey, Earl of Bristol: Gules, on a bend argent three trefoils slipped vert

He was succeeded by his son, the second Earl. He was a prominent statesman and served as Secretary of State for King Charles I. In 1641 he was summoned to the House of Lords through a writ of acceleration in his father's junior title of Baron Digby of Sherborne. When he died the titles passed to his son, the third Earl. He sat as Member of Parliament for Dorset and served as Lord-Lieutenant of Dorset. He was childless and the titles became extinct on his death in 1698.[5]

The second creation of the earldom came in the Peerage of Great Britain in 1714 for John Hervey.[6] For more information on this creation, see Marquess of Bristol.

Earl of BristolEdit

Earls of Bristol, first creation (1622)Edit

Earls of Bristol, second creation (1714)Edit


  1. ^ Richard Carew (1769) [1602]. The Survey of Cornwall. And An Epistle concerning the Excellencies of the English Tongue. E. Law and J. Hewett.
  2. ^ Williams, John (1910). Bradney, Joseph Alfred (ed.). Llyfr Baglan, or, The Book of Baglan, compiled between the years 1600 and 1607. London: Mitchell, Hughes and Clarke. p. 151. hdl:2027/uiug.30112086070007.
  3. ^ Burke, John (1826). A General and Heraldic Dictionary of the Peerage and Baronetage of the United Kingdom, for M.D.CCC.XXVI. H. Colburn. p. 87.
  4. ^ "DIGBY, Sir John (1581-1653), of Bromham, Beds. and Great Queen Street, Westminster; later of Sherborne, Dorset". History of Parliament. The History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 29 October 2015.
  5. ^ The Complete Peerage, 2nd edition, Volume II, page 322
  6. ^ "The Herveys of Ickworth". National Trust. Archived from the original on 19 September 2015. Retrieved 29 October 2015.
  • Kidd, Charles, Williamson, David (editors). Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage (1990 edition). New York: St Martin's Press, 1990.
  • www.thepeerage.com