Marquess of Donegall
Marquess of Donegall is a title in the Peerage of Ireland held by the head of the Chichester family, originally from Devon, England. Sir John Chichester sat as a Member of Parliament and was High Sheriff of Devon in 1557. One of his sons, Sir Arthur Chichester, was Lord Deputy of Ireland from 1604 to 1614. In 1613, he was raised to the Peerage of Ireland as Baron Chichester, of Belfast in County Antrim. He died childless in 1625 when the barony became extinct.
|Marquessate of Donegall|
|Creation date||4 July 1791|
|Peerage||Peerage of Ireland|
|First holder||Arthur Chichester, 5th Earl of Donegall|
|Present holder||Patrick Chichester, 8th Marquess of Donegall|
|Heir apparent||James Chichester, Earl of Belfast|
|Remainder to||Heirs male of the body|
|Subsidiary titles||Earl of Donegall |
Earl of Belfast
|Former seat(s)||Dunbrody House; Ormeau House; Belfast Castle; Donegall House|
|Motto||INVICTUM SEQUITUR HONOR (Honour follows him who does not seek it)|
However, in the same year the Chichester title was revived in favour of his younger brother, Edward Chichester, who was made Baron Chichester, of Belfast in the County of Antrim, and Viscount Chichester, of Carrickfergus in County Antrim. Both titles are in the Peerage of Ireland. He was succeeded by his eldest son, Arthur Chichester. A distinguished soldier, he was created Earl of Donegall in the Peerage of Ireland in 1647 (one year before he succeeded his father), with remainder to the heirs male of his father.
He died without male issue and was succeeded (in the earldom according to the special remainder) by his nephew Arthur Chichester, the second Earl. He was the eldest son of Lieutenant-Colonel John Chichester, second son of the first Viscount. Lord Donegall had previously represented Donegal County in the Irish House of Commons. His eldest son, the third Earl, was a Major-General in the Spanish army and fought in the War of the Spanish Succession. He was killed in action in 1706. His eldest son, the fourth Earl, died childless and was succeeded by his nephew, the fifth Earl. He was the son of the Hon. John Chichester, younger son of the third Earl. Lord Donegall was created Baron Fisherwick, of Fisherwick in the County of Stafford, in the Peerage of Great Britain in 1790, and one year later he was further honoured when he was made Earl of Belfast and Marquess of Donegall in the Peerage of Ireland.
His grandson, the third Marquess, served as Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard under Lord John Russell between 1848 and 1852. In 1841, three years before he succeeded his father in the marquessate, he was created Baron Ennishowen and Carrickfergus, of Ennishowen in the County of Donegal and of Carrickfergus in the County of Antrim, in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. Both his sons predeceased him and on his death in 1883 the barony of 1841 became extinct. He was succeeded in his other titles by his younger brother, the fourth Marquess. On the death of his grandson, the sixth Marquess, in 1975, the line of the second Marquess failed. The sixth Marquess was succeeded by his kinsman, the fifth Baron Templemore (see below), who became the seventh Marquess. From 1975 until 1999, when most hereditary seats were abolished with the passage of the House of Lords Act 1999, the Marquess sat in the House of Lords as Baron Fisherwick in the Peerage of Great Britain. As of 2015[update], the titles are held by the latter's son, the eighth Marquess, who succeeded in 2007.
The county in Ulster from which the title is derived is now spelled Donegal. Several locations in Belfast are named after the family, such as Donegall Square, Donegall Place, Donegall Road, Donegall Pass, Donegall Quay, Chichester Street, Arthur Street, Arthur Square, and Chichester Park.
Several other members of the Chichester family have also gained distinction. John Chichester, grandson of Sir John Chichester, brother of the first Baron Chichester and the first Viscount Chichester, was created a baronet in 1641 (see Chichester baronets). John Chichester, second son of the first Viscount and father of the second Earl, represented Dungannon in the Irish House of Commons. For the branch of the family founded by John Chichester's younger son and namesake, John Chichester, see Baron O'Neill and Baron Rathcavan.
Arthur Chichester, eldest son of Lord Spencer Chichester, second son of the first Marquess, was created Baron Templemore in 1831. Lord Arthur Chichester, fourth son of the second Marquess, and Lord John Chichester, sixth son of the second Marquess, both represented Belfast in Parliament. Robert Chichester, eldest son of Lord Adolphus Chichester, youngest son of the fourth Marquess, briefly represented Londonderry South in Parliament. His wife Dehra was also a politician while their daughter, Marion Caroline Dehra, was the mother of The Baron Moyola, who served briefly as Prime Minister of Northern Ireland, and the politician Sir Robin Chichester-Clark and of the gardening writer and television presenter Penelope Hobhouse.
Ulster and DublinEdit
The caput, or family seat, has been in several locations over the centuries, usually in the east of Ulster. Joymount House was built for The 1st Baron Chichester in the 1610s in Carrickfergus in the south-east of County Antrim, probably being completed in 1618. Joymount, along with Chichester House on the outskirts of Dublin and the Plantation-era Belfast Castle in Belfast, were the three original principal residences of the Chichester family in Ireland. Lord Chichester maintained Chichester House, located on the Hoggen Green (now College Green), as his 'town' residence on what was then the eastern edge of Dublin. Joymount House was probably demolished in the early eighteenth-century, while Parliament House was built on the site of Chichester House in Dublin in the early 1730s. The Plantation-era Belfast Castle was largely destroyed by fire on 24 April 1708 and was not rebuilt.
In the early to mid-nineteenth-century, the family seats were: Donegall House, a large townhouse on the corner of what is now Donegall Place and Donegall Square North in central Belfast (Donegall House was later converted, in the 1820s, into a hotel called The Royal Hotel); and Ormeau House (formerly Ormeau Cottage), a mansion largely built in the 1820s in the Ormeau Demesne (now Ormeau Park) in County Down, in what was then the south-eastern outskirts of Belfast. Both these residences were later demolished, with Ormeau House being demolished in 1869 or 1870.
The 2nd Marquess of Donegall, again during the early to mid-nineteenth-century, also maintained Fisherwick Lodge, a hunting 'lodge' near Doagh (pronounced 'D'oak') in County Antrim, on the family's country estate there. Later in the nineteenth-century, Belfast Castle, on the lower slopes of Cave Hill in North Belfast, was purpose-designed and built for The 3rd Marquess of Donegall as the main residence of the family. This new Belfast Castle, a Victorian structure built in the 1860s, was inherited by The 8th Earl of Shaftesbury and his wife in October 1883, thus passing out of the ownership of the Chichester family. Lord Shaftesbury had married the daughter of the third Marquess.
From October 1953 until about 1996, Dunbrody House, formerly the seat of the Barons Templemore near Arthurstown in the south-west of County Wexford, was the family seat of The 7th Marquess of Donegall. From October 1953 until May 1975, the seventh Marquess was known as The 5th Baron Templemore. Arthurstown was named for The 1st Earl of Donegall. The house was sold by the seventh Marquess to chef Kevin Dundon, who converted it to a luxury hotel and restaurant in 1997. What remains of the Dunbrody Estate is, however, still in the ownership of the current head of the family, The 8th Marquess of Donegall, whose present family seat is the much smaller Dunbrody Park within the estate grounds.
Baron Chichester (1613)Edit
- Arthur Chichester, 1st Baron Chichester (1563–1625)
Baron Chichester and Viscount Chichester (1625)Edit
- Edward Chichester, 1st Viscount Chichester (1568–1648)
- Arthur Chichester, 2nd Viscount Chichester (1606–1675; created Earl of Donegall in 1647)
Earl of Donegall (1647)Edit
- Arthur Chichester, 1st Earl of Donegall (1606–1675)
- Arthur Chichester, 2nd Earl of Donegall (died 1678)
- Arthur Chichester, 3rd Earl of Donegall (1666–1706)
- Arthur Chichester, 4th Earl of Donegall (1695–1757)
- Arthur Chichester, 5th Earl of Donegall (1739–1799; created Baron Fisherwick in 1790 and Earl of Belfast and Marquess of Donegall in 1791)
Marquess of Donegall (1791)Edit
- Arthur Chichester, 1st Marquess of Donegall (1739–1799)
- George Augustus Chichester, 2nd Marquess of Donegall (1769–1844)
- George Hamilton Chichester, 3rd Marquess of Donegall, Baron Ennishowen and Carrickfergus (1797–1883)
- Edward Chichester, 4th Marquess of Donegall (1799–1889)
- George Augustus Hamilton Chichester, 5th Marquess of Donegall (1822–1904)
- Edward Arthur Donald St George Hamilton Chichester, 6th Marquess of Donegall (1903–1975)
- Dermot Richard Claud Chichester, 7th Marquess of Donegall (5th Baron Templemore) (1916–2007)
- Arthur Patrick Chichester, 8th Marquess of Donegall (born 1952)
Male-line family treeEdit
|Male-line family tree, Barons Chichester (both creations), Viscounts Chichester, Earls of Donegall, and Marquesses of Donegall.|
Line of successionEdit
Line of succession
- Burke, Bernard (1864). The General Armory of England, Scotland, Ireland, and Wales. London: Harrison & Sons. p. 192. Retrieved 22 December 2015.
- "Obituaries: The Marquess of Donegall". The Daily Telegraph. 20 July 2007. Retrieved 22 December 2015.
- "Arthur Chichester, Baron Chichester". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 22 December 2015.
- Burke, Bernard (1914). Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Peerage and Baronetage of the British Empire. London: Burke's Peerage Limited. p. 636. Retrieved 22 December 2015.
- Burke 1914, p. 636
- Debrett, John (1822). The Peerage of the United Kingdom of Great Britain & Ireland: Volume 1. London: Debrett's. p. 905.
- "No. 13210". The London Gazette. 19 June 1790. p. 373.
- "No. 13322". The London Gazette. 5 July 1791. p. 387.
- Debrett 1822, p. 906
- "No. 20007". The London Gazette. 13 August 1841. p. 2072.
- Complete Baronetage: English, Irish and Scottish, 1625-1649. Exeter: W. Pollard & Company. 1902. p. 120.
- "No. 18846". The London Gazette. 9 September 1831. p. 1834.
- Philip Robinson, Irish Historic Towns Atlas No. 2: Carrickfergus, p. 4 (and Fig. 1 on p. 3), and Map 7 (Carrickfergus, drawn by Thomas Phillips in 1685). Royal Irish Academy, Dublin, 1986.
- Raymond Gillespie and Stephen A. Royle, Irish Historic Towns Atlas Number 12: Belfast - Part I, to 1840, pp. 1–4. Royal Irish Academy, Dublin, 2003.
- Raymond Gillespie and Stephen A. Royle, Irish Historic Towns Atlas Number 12: Belfast - Part I, to 1840, p. 4. Royal Irish Academy, Dublin, 2003.
- W.A. Maguire, Living like a Lord: The Second Marquis of Donegall, 1769-1844, pp. 16–18. The Ulster Historical Foundation, Belfast, 2002 (originally published by The Appletree Press and The Ulster Society for Irish Historical Studies, Belfast, 1984).
- W.A. Maguire, Living like a Lord: The Second Marquis of Donegall, 1769-1844, p. 61. The Ulster Historical Foundation, Belfast, 2002 (originally published by The Appletree Press and The Ulster Society for Irish Historical Studies, Belfast, 1984).
- W.A. Maguire, Living like a Lord: The Second Marquis of Donegall, 1769-1844, pp. 73–75. The Ulster Historical Foundation, Belfast, 2002 (originally published by The Appletree Press and The Ulster Society for Irish Historical Studies, Belfast, 1984).
- W.A. Maguire, 'Lords and landlords - the Donegall Family' in J.C. Beckett et al., Belfast: The Making of the City, p. 38. Lagan Books, Belfast, 2003 (originally published by The Appletree Press, Belfast, 1983. Maguire does not give an exact date for the demolition of Ormeau House; he seems to infer in this publication that it occurred in either 1869 or 1870.).
- Norman Weatherall and George Templeton, South Belfast: History and Guide, p. 89. Nonsuch Publishing, Dublin, 2008 (the authors of this publication, without exact references, claim that Ormeau House was demolished around 1867).
- W.A. Maguire, Living like a Lord: The Second Marquis of Donegall, 1769-1844, pp. 28, 73. The Ulster Historical Foundation, Belfast, 2002 (originally published by The Appletree Press and The Ulster Society for Irish Historical Studies, Belfast, 1984).
- W.A. Maguire, 'Lords and landlords - the Donegall Family' in J.C. Beckett et al., Belfast: The Making of the City, pp. 37-38. Lagan Books, Belfast, 2003 (originally published by The Appletree Press, Belfast, 1983).
- Ó Conghaile, Pól (13 April 2014). "A touch of Downton in the Blue Book-listed Dunbrody House". The Irish Examiner. Retrieved 22 December 2015.