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The Peerage of the United Kingdom comprises most peerages created in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland after the Acts of Union in 1801, when it replaced the Peerage of Great Britain. New peers continued to be created in the Peerage of Ireland until 1898 (the last creation being the Barony of Curzon of Kedleston).

Contents

RanksEdit

The ranks of the peerage are Duke, Marquess, Earl, Viscount, and Baron.[1]

The last non-royal dukedom was created in 1900, and the last marquessate in 1936. Creation of the remaining ranks, except baronies for life, mostly ceased once Harold Wilson's Labour government took office in 1964, and only eight (four non-royal and four royal) people have been created hereditary peers since then. These were:

Name Year Created Title(s) Noted for
John Morrison 1965 Baron Margadale Former Chairman of the 1922 Committee
William Whitelaw 1983 (extinct 1999) Viscount Whitelaw Former Home Secretary
George Thomas 1983 (extinct 1997) Viscount Tonypandy Former Speaker of the House of Commons
Harold Macmillan 1984 Earl of Stockton
Viscount Macmillan of Ovenden
Former Prime Minister
Prince Andrew 1986 Duke of York
Earl of Inverness
Baron Killyleagh
Second son of Queen Elizabeth II on his wedding day
Prince Edward 1999 Earl of Wessex
Viscount Severn
Third son of Queen Elizabeth II on his wedding day
Prince William 2011 Duke of Cambridge
Earl of Strathearn
Baron Carrickfergus
First son of Charles, Prince of Wales on his wedding day
Prince Harry 2018 Duke of Sussex
Earl of Dumbarton
Baron Kilkeel
Second son of Charles, Prince of Wales on his wedding day
Prince Edward 2019 Earl of Forfar Third son of Queen Elizabeth II on 55th birthday (Scotland only)

Until the House of Lords Act 1999 was passed, all peers of the United Kingdom were automatically members of the House of Lords. However, from that date, most of the hereditary peers ceased to be members as part of Parliamentary reform, whereas the life peers retained their seats. All hereditary peers of the first creation (i.e., those for whom a peerage was originally created, as opposed to those who inherited a peerage from an ancestor), and all surviving hereditary peers who had served as Leader of the House of Lords were offered a life peerage in order to allow them to sit in the House should they wish.

Dukes in the Peerage of the United KingdomEdit

  •   Subsidiary title.
Title Creation Other titles Monarch
The Duke of Wellington 11 May 1814 Created for the 1st Marquess of Wellington after the Peninsular War. The Prince Regent on behalf of King George III
The Duke of Sutherland 28 January 1833 Created for the 2nd Marquess of Stafford. King William IV
The Duke of Westminster 27 February 1874 Created for the 3rd Marquess of Westminster. Queen Victoria
The Duke of Gordon 13 January 1876 Created for the 6th Duke of Richmond and Lennox.
The Duke of Albany 24 May 1881 Created for Prince Leopold and is currently suspended.
The Duke of Argyll 7 April 1892 Created for the 8th Duke of Argyll.
The Duke of Fife 24 April 1900 Created for the 1st Duke of Fife. [2] [note 1]
The Duke of Gloucester 31 April 1928 Created for Prince Henry on his 28th Birthday. King George V
The Duke of Kent 12 October 1934 Created for Prince George in anticipation of his forthcoming marriage to Princess Marina of Greece and Denmark.
The Duke of Edinburgh 20 November 1947 Created for Sir Philip Mountbatten on his wedding day to Princess Elizabeth. King George VI
The Duke of York 23 July 1986 Created for Prince Andrew on his wedding day to Sarah Ferguson. Queen Elizabeth II
The Duke of Cambridge 29 April 2011 Created for Prince William of Wales on his wedding day to Catherine Middleton.
The Duke of Sussex 18 May 2018 Created for Prince Henry of Wales on his wedding day to Meghan Markle.

Marquesses in the Peerage of the United KingdomEdit

  •   Subsidiary title.
Title Creation Other Marquisette or higher titles Monarch
The Marquess of Exeter 4 February 1801 Created for the 10th Earl of Exeter. King George III
The Marquess of Northampton 7 September 1812 Created for the 9th Earl of Northampton. The Prince Regent on behalf of King George III
The Marquess Camden Created for the 2nd Earl Camden as he was the former Viceroy of Ireland.
The Marquess of Wellington 3 October 1812 Duke of Wellington in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
The Marquess of Anglesey 4 July 1815 Created for the 2nd Earl of Uxbridge after the Battle of Waterloo.
The Marquess of Cholmondeley 22 November 1815 Created for the 4th Earl of Cholmondeley as he was the incumbent Lord Steward of the Household.
The Marquess of Ailesbury 17 July 1821 Created for the 2nd Earl of Ailesbury. King George IV
The Marquess of Bristol 30 June 1826 Created for the 5th Earl of Bristol.
The Marquess of Ailsa 10 September 1831 Created for the 12th Earl of Cassilis. King William IV
The Marquess of Westminster 13 September 1831 Duke of Westminster in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
The Marquess of Normanby 25 June 1838 Created for the 2nd Earl of Mulgrave as he was the incumbent Viceroy of Ireland. Queen Victoria
The Marquess of Abergavenny 14 January 1876 Created for the 5th Earl of Abergavenny.
The Marquess of Zetland 22 August 1892 Created for the 3rd Earl of Zetland as he was the former Viceroy of Ireland.
The Marquess of Linlithgow 27 October 1902 Created for the 7th Earl of Hopetoun as he was the incumbent Governor-General of Australia. King Edward VII
The Marquess of Aberdeen and Temair 4 January 1916 Created for the 7th Earl of Aberdeen as he was the former Governor General of Canada and former Viceroy of Ireland. King George V
The Marquess of Milford Haven 7 November 1917 Created for Prince Louis of Battenberg as he relinquished his German titles.
The Marquess of Reading 7 May 1926 Created for the 1st Earl of Reading as he was the former Viceroy of India and former Lord Chief Justice of England.

Earls in the Peerage of the United KingdomEdit

  •   Subsidiary title.
  •   Created for the holder of a Peer of Scotland and Ireland to have an automatic seat in the House of Lords.
Title Creation Other Earldom or higher titles Monarch
The Earl of Rosslyn 1801 Created for the 1st Baron Loughborough as he was the outgoing Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain. [note 1] King George III
The Earl of Onslow 1801 Created for the 4th Baron Onslow.
The Earl of Craven 1801 Created for the 7th Baron Craven.
The Earl of Romney 1801 Created for the 3rd Baron Romney.
The Earl of Chichester 1801 Created for the 2nd Baron Pelham of Stanmer.
The Earl of Wilton 1801 Created for the 1st Baron Grey de Radcliffe. [note 1]
The Earl of Powis 1804 Created for the 1st Baron Clive as he was the incumbent Viceroy of Ireland.
The Earl Nelson 1805 Created for William Nelson as he was the brother of Horatio Nelson. [note 1]
The Earl Grey 1806 Created for the 1st Baron Grey.
The Earl of Lonsdale 1807 Created for the 2nd Viscount Lowther.
The Earl of Harrowby 1809 Created for the 2nd Baron Harrowby as he was the former Foreign Secretary.
The Earl of Wellington 1812 Duke of Wellington in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. The Prince Regent on behalf of King George III
The Earl of Mulgrave 1812 Marquess of Normanby in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
The Earl of Harewood 1812 Created for the 1st Baron Harewood.
The Earl of Minto 1813 Created for the 1st Baron Minto as he was the incumbent Governor-General of the Presidency of Fort William.
The Earl Cathcart 1814 Created for the 1st Viscount Cathcart.
The Earl of Verulam 1815 Created for the 4th Viscount Grimston.
The Earl of St Germans 1815 Created for the 2nd Baron Eliot. [note 1]
The Earl of Morley 1815 Created for the 2nd Baron Boringdon.
The Earl of Bradford 1815 Created for the 2nd Baron Bradford.
The Earl of Eldon 1821 Created for the 1st Baron Eldon as he was the incumbent Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain. King George IV
The Earl Howe 1821 Created for the 2nd Viscount Curzon.
The Earl of Stradbroke 1821 Created for the 1st Baron Rous.
The Earl Temple of Stowe 1822 Created for the 2nd Marquess of Buckingham. [note 1]
The Earl Vane 1823 Created for the 3rd Marquess of Londonderry in the Peerage of Ireland. [note 1]
The Earl Cawdor 1827 Created for the 2nd Baron Cawdor.
The Earl of Burlington 1831 Held by the Duke of Devonshire in the Peerage of England since 1858. King William IV
The Earl of Lichfield 1831 Created for the 2nd Viscount Anson as he was the current Master of the Buckhounds.
The Earl of Durham 1833 Created for the 1st Baron Durham as he as the imcumbent Ambassador to Russia.
The Earl Granville 1833 Created for the 1st Viscount Granville as he was the incumbent Ambassador to France and former Ambassador to Russia.
The Earl of Effingham 1837 Created for the 11th Baron Howard of Effingham.
The Earl of Ducie 1837 Created for the 4th Baron Ducie.
The Earl of Yarborough 1837 Created for the 2nd Baron Yarborough.
The Earl Innes 1837 Created for the 6th Duke of Roxburghe in the Peerage of Scotland. Queen Victoria
The Earl of Leicester 1837 Created for Thomas Coke.
The Earl of Zetland 1838 Marquess of Zetland in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
The Earl of Gainsborough 1841 Created for the 3rd Baron Barham.
The Earl of Ellesmere 1846 Held by the Duke of Sutherland in the Peerage of the United Kingdom since 1963.
The Earl of Strafford 1847 Created for the 1st Baron Strafford.
The Earl of Cottenham 1850 Created for the 1st Baron Cottenham as he was the incumbent Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain.
The Earl Cowley 1857 Created for the 2nd Baron Cowley as he was the incumbent Ambassador to France.
The Earl of Winton 1859 Created for the 13th Earl of Eglinton as he was the incumbent Viceroy of Ireland.
The Earl of Dudley 1860 Created for the 11th Baron Ward.
The Earl Russell 1861 Created for Lord John Russell, MP as he was the former Prime Minister.
The Earl of Cromartie 1861 Created for the Duchess of Sutherland. [note 1]
The Earl of Kimberley 1866 Created for the 1st Baron Wodehouse as he was the incumbent Viceroy of Ireland.
The Earl of Wharncliffe 1876 Created for the 1st Baron Wharncliffe. [note 1]
The Earl Cairns 1878 Created for the 1st Baron Cairns as he was the incumbent Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain.
The Earl of Lytton 1880 Created for the 2nd Baron Lytton as he was the incumbent Viceroy of India.
The Earl of Selborne 1882 Created for the 1st Baron Selborne as he was the incumbent Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain.
The Earl of Iddesleigh 1885 Created for Sir Stafford Northcote, Bt., MP as he was the former Chancellor of the Exchequer.
The Earl of Cranbrook 1892 Created for the 1st Viscount Cranbrook as he was the former Home Secretary.
The Earl of Cromer 1901 Created for the 1st Viscount Cromer as he was the incumbent Consul-General of Egypt. King Edward VII
The Earl of Plymouth 1905 Created for the 11th Baron Windsor.
The Earl of Liverpool 1905 Created for the 1st Earl of Liverpool as he was the incumbent Lord Steward of the Household.
The Earl of Midlothian 1911 Created for the 5th Earl of Rosebery as he was the former Prime Minister. King George V
The Earl St Aldwyn 1915 Created for the 1st Viscount St Aldwyn as he was the former Chancellor of the Exchequer.
The Earl of Reading 1917 Marquess of Reading in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
The Earl Beatty 1919 Created for Sir David Beatty as he was the Commander-in-Chief of the Grand Fleet.
The Earl Haig 1919 Created for Sir Douglas Haig as he was the Commander-in-Chief of the British Expeditionary Force.
The Earl of Iveagh 1919 Created for the 1st Viscount Iveagh
The Earl of Balfour 1922 Created for Sir Arthur Balfour, MP as he was the former Prime Minister. [note 1]
The Earl of Oxford and Asquith 1925 Created for H. H. Asquith as he was the former Prime Minister.
The Earl Jellicoe 1925 Created for the 1st Viscount Jellicoe as he was the former Governor-General of New Zealand.
The Earl of Inchcape 1929 Created for the 1st Viscount Inchcape as he was the Chairman of Peninsular and Oriental Steam Navigation Company.
The Earl Peel 1929 Created for the 2nd Viscount Peel.
The Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne 1937 Created for the 14th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne as he was the father-in-law of King George VI. King George VI
The Earl Baldwin of Bewdley 1937 Created for Sir Stanley Baldwin, MP as he was the former Prime Minister.
The Earl of Halifax 1944 Created for the 2nd Viscount Halifax as he was the former Viceroy of India.
The Earl Lloyd-George of Dwyfor 1945 Created for David Lloyd George, MP as he was the former Prime Minister.
The Earl of Gowrie 1945 Created for the 1st Baron Gowrie as he was the incumbent Governor-General of Australia.
The Earl Mountbatten of Burma 1947 Created for the 1st Viscount Mountbatten of Burma as he was the incumbent Governor-General of India. [note 1]
The Earl Alexander of Tunis 1952 Created for the 1st Viscount Alexander of Tunis as he was the former Governor General of Canada. Queen Elizabeth II
The Earl of Swinton 1955 Created for the 1st Viscount Swinton.
The Earl Attlee 1955 Created for Clement Attlee, MP he was the former Prime Minister.
The Earl of Woolton 1956 Created for the 1st Viscount Woolton as he was the former Chairman of the Conservative Party.
The Earl of Snowdon 1961 Created for Antony Armstrong-Jones as he was the husband of Princess Margaret.
The Earl of Stockton 1984 Created for Harold Macmillan as he was the former Prime Minister.
The Earl of Wessex 19 June 1999 Created for Prince Edward on his wedding day to Sophie Rhys-Jones.
The Earl of Forfar 10 March 2019 Created for Prince Edward on his 55th Birthday.

Viscounts in the Peerage of the United KingdomEdit

  •   Subsidiary title.
  •   Created for the holder of a Peer of Scotland and Ireland to have an automatic seat in the House of Lords.
Title Creation Other Viscountcy or higher titles Monarch
Viscount St Vincent 1801 Created for the 1st Earl of St Vincent. [note 1] King George III
Viscount Curzon 1802 Earl Howe in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
Viscount Melville 1802 Created for the 1st Baron Exmouth as he was the incumbent Commander-in-Chief of the Mediterranean Fleet.
Viscount Sidmouth 1805 Created for Henry Addington, MP as he was the former Prime Minister.
Viscount Anson 1806 Earl of Lichfield in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
Viscount Cathcart 1807 Earl of Cathcart in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
Viscount Wellington 1809 Duke of Wellington in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
Viscount Gordon 1814 Marquess of Aberdeen and Temair in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. The Prince Regent on behalf of King George III
Viscount Granville 1815 Earl Granville in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
Viscount Exmouth 1816 Created for the 1st Baron Exmouth as he was the Commander-in-Chief of the Mediterranean Fleet.
Viscount Hutchinson 1821 Created for the 1st Earl of Donoughmore in the Peerage of Ireland. [note 1] King George IV
Viscount Clancarty 1823 Created for the 2nd Earl of Clancarty in the Peerage of Ireland.
Viscount Combermere 1827 Created for the 1st Baron Combermere.
Viscount Hill 1842 Created for the 1st Baron Hill as he was the incumbent Commander-in-Chief of the Forces. [note 1] Queen Victoria
Viscount Hardinge 1846 Created for Sir Henry Hardinge as he was the incumbent Governor-General of India.
Viscount Gough 1849 Created for the 1st Baron Gough.
Viscount Halifax 1866 Earl of Halifax in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
Viscount Bridport 1868 Created for the 3rd Baron Bridport.
Viscount Portman 1873 Created for the 1st Baron Portman.
Viscount Cranbrook 1878 Earl of Cranbrook in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
Viscount Hampden 1884 Created for Sir Henry Brand, MP as he was the outgoing Speaker of the House of Commons.
Viscount Hambleden 1891 Created for Emily Smith as she was the widow of the First Lord of the Treasury William Henry Smith, MP. [note 1]
Viscount Peel 1895 Earl Peel in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
Viscount Knutsford 1895 Created for the 1st Baron Knutsford.
Viscount Esher 1897 Created for the 1st Baron Esher as he was the outgoing Master of the Rolls.
Viscount Cromer 1899 Earl of Cromer in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
Viscount Goschen 1900 Created for George Goschen as he was the former Chancellor of the Exchequer.
Viscount Ridley 1900 Created for Sir Matthew White Ridley, Bt., MP as he was the former Home Secretary.
Viscount Colville of Culross 1902 Created for the 10th Lord Colville of Culross as he was the former Master of the Buckhounds. King Edward VII
Viscount Selby 1905 Created for William Gully, MP as he was the outgoing Speaker of the House of Commons.
Viscount Iveagh 1905 Earl of Iveagh in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
Viscount Althorp 1905 Earl Spencer in the Peerage of Great Britain.
Viscount St Aldwyn 1906 Earl St Aldwyn in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
Viscount Knollys 1911 Created for the 1st Baron Knollys as he was the incumbent Private Secretary to the Sovereign. King George V
Viscount Allendale 1911 Created for the 2nd Baron Allendale.
Viscount Chilston 1911 Created for Aretas Akers-Douglas, MP as he was the former Home Secretary.
Viscount Scarsdale 1911 Created for the 1st Earl Curzon of Kedleston as he was the former Viceroy of India. [note 1]
Viscount Mersey 1916 Created for the 1st Baron Mersey.
Viscount Reading 1916 Marquess of Reading in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
Viscount Cowdray 1917 Created for the 1st Baron Cowdray.
Viscount Devonport 1917 Created for the 1st Baron Devonport.
Viscount Astor 1917 Created for the 1st Baron Astor, the only man from the United States created a Hereditary Peer.
Viscount Jellicoe 1918 Earl Jellicoe in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. [note 1]
Viscount Wimborne 1918 Created for the 2nd Baron Wimborne as he was the incumbent Viceroy of Ireland.
Viscount St Davids 1918 Created for the 1st Baron St Davids.
Viscount Rothermere 1919 Created for the 1st Baron Rothermere as he was the founder of the Daily Mail.
Viscount Allenby 1919 Created for Sir Edmund Allenby. [note 1]
Viscount Chelmsford 1921 Created for the 3rd Baron Chelmsford as he was the incumbent Viceroy of India.
Viscount Long 1921 Created for Walter Long, MP as he was the former Leader of the Irish Unionist Alliance.
Viscount Ullswater 1921 Created for James Lowther, MP as he was the outgoing Speaker of the House of Commons.
Viscount Younger of Leckie 1923 Created for Sir George Younger, Bt. as he was the former Chairman of the Conservative Party.
Viscount Inchcape 1924 Earl of Inchcape in the Peerage in the United Kingdom.
Viscount Bearsted 1925 Created for the 1st Baron Bearsted as he was the founder of Royal Dutch Shell.
Viscount Craigavon 1927 Created for Sir James Craig, Bt., MP as he was the incumbent Prime Minister of Northern Ireland.
Viscount Bridgeman 1929 Created for William Bridgeman as he was the former Home Secretary.
Viscount Hailsham 1929 Created for the 1st Baron Hailsham as he was the outgoing Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain.
Viscount Brentford 1929 Created for Sir William Joynson-Hicks, Bt., MP as he was the former Home Secretary.
Viscount Buckmaster 1933 Created for the 1st Baron Buckmaster as he was the former Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain.
Viscount Bledisloe 1935 Created for the 1st Baron Bledisloe as he was the former Governor-General of New Zealand.
Viscount Swinton 1935 Earl of Swinton in the Peerage in the United Kingdom.
Viscount Hanworth 1936 Created for the 1st Baron Hanworth as he was the incumbent Master of the Rolls.
Viscount Trenchard 1936 Created for the 1st Baron Trenchard as he was the former Commissioner of the Metropolitan Police. King Edward VIII
Viscount Samuel 1937 Created for Sir Herbert Samuel as he was the former Leader of the Liberal Party. King George VI
Viscount Davidson 1937 Created for Sir J. C. C. Davidson, MP as he was the former Chairman of the Conservative Party.
Viscount Weir 1938 Created for the 1st Baron Weir.
Viscount Stonehaven 1938 Held by the Earl of Kintore in the Peerage of Scotland since 1974.
Viscount Caldecote 1939 Created for Sir Thomas Inskip, MP as he was the incumbent Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain.
Viscount Simon 1940 Created for Sir John Simon, MP as he was the incumbent Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain.
Viscount Camrose 1941 Created for the 1st Baron Camrose as he was the co-owner of The Daily Telegraph'.
Viscount Stansgate 1942 Created for William Wedgwood Benn, MP as he was a former cabinet minister.
Viscount Margesson 1942 Created for David Margesson, MP, MP as he was a former cabinet minister.
Viscount Daventry 1943 Created for Muriel FitzRoy as she was the widow of the Speaker of the House of Commons Edward FitzRoy, MP. [note 1]
Viscount Addison 1945 Created for the 1st Baron Addison.
Viscount Kemsley 1945 Created for the 1st Baron Kemsley as he was the co-owner of The Daily Telegraph'.
Viscount Marchwood 1945 Created for the 1st Baron Marchwood.
Viscount Montgomery of Alamein 1946 Created for Sir Bernard Montgomery.
Viscount Alexander of Tunis 1946 Earl Alexander of Tunis in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
Viscount Mountbatten of Burma 1946 Earl Mountbatten of Burma in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. [note 1]
Viscount Waverley 1952 Created for Sir John Anderson as he was the former Chancellor of the Exchequer.
Viscount Thurso 1952 Created for Sir Archibald Sinclair, Bt. as he was the former Leader of the Liberal Party Queen Elizabeth II
Viscount Brookeborough 1952 Created for Sir Basil Brooke, Bt., MP as he was the incumbent Prime Minister of Northern Ireland.
Viscount Norwich 1952 Created for Sir Duff Cooper as he was the former Ambassador to France.
Viscount Woolton 1953 Earl of Woolton in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
Viscount Leathers 1954 Created for the 1st Baron Leathers.
Viscount Soulbury 1954 Created for the 1st Baron Soulbury as he was the incumbent Governor-General of Ceylon.
Viscount Chandos 1954 Created for Oliver Lyttelton, MP as he was a former cabinet minister.
Viscount Malvern 1955 Created for Sir Godfrey Huggins, MP as he was the incumbent Prime Minister of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland.
Viscount De L'Isle 1956 Created for the 6th Baron De L'Isle.
Viscount Monckton of Brenchley 1957 Created for Sir Walter Monckton, MP as he was a former cabinet minister.
Viscount Tenby 1957 Created for Gwilym Lloyd George, MP as he was the former Home Secretary.
Viscount Mackintosh of Halifax 1957 Created for the 1st Baron Mackintosh of Halifax as he was the owner of John Mackintosh & Sons Ltd.
Viscount Dunrossil 1959 Created for William Morrison, MP as he was the outgoing Speaker of the House of Commons.
Viscount Stuart of Findhorn 1959 Created for James Stuart as he was a former cabinet minister.
Viscount Rochdale 1960 Created for the 2nd Baron Rochdale.
Viscount Slim 1960 Created for Sir William Slim as he was the incumbent Governor-General of Australia.
Viscount Head 1960 Created for Antony Head, MP as he was the incumbent High Commissioner to Nigeria.
Viscount Boyd of Merton 1960 Created for Alan Lennox-Boyd, MP, MP as he was a former cabinet minister.
Viscount Mills 1962 Created for the 1st Baron Mills.
Viscount Blakenham 1963 Created for John Hare, MP as he was the incumbent Chairman of the Conservative Party.
Viscount Eccles 1964 Created for the 1st Baron Eccles.
Viscount Dilhorne 1964 Created for the 1st Baron Dilhorne as he was the outgoing Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain.

Barons in the Peerage of the United KingdomEdit

  •   Subsidiary title.
  •   Created for the holder of a Peer of Scotland and Ireland to have an automatic seat in the House of Lords.
Title Creation Other Barony or higher titles Monarch
Baron Loftus 1801 Created for the 1st Marquess of Ely in the Peerage of Ireland. King George III
Baron Grey 1801 Earl Grey in the Peerage of United Kingdom.
Baron Nelson 1801 Earl Nelson in the Peerage of United Kingdom. [note 1]
Baron Ellenborough 1802 Created for Sir Edward Law as he was the incumbent Lord Chief Justice of the King's Bench.
Baron Sandys 1802 Held by the Marquess of Downshire in the Peerage of Ireland since 2013. [note 1]
Baron Barham 1805 Earl of Gainsborough in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. [note 1]
Baron Erskine 1806 Held by the Earl of Buchan in the Peerage of Scotland since 1960.
Baron Monteagle 1806 Created for the 1st Marquess of Sligo in the Peerage of Ireland.
Baron Ardrossan 1806 Created for the 12th Earl of Eglinton in the Peerage of Scotland.
Baron Granard 1806 Created for the 6th Earl of Granard in the Peerage of Ireland.
Baron Ailsa 1806 Marquess of Ailsa in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
Baron Manners 1807 Created for Sir Thomas Manners-Sutton as he was the incumbent Lord High Chancellor of Ireland.
Baron Hopetoun 1809 Marquess of Linlithgow in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. [note 1]
Baron Niddry 1814 Marquess of Linlithgow in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. The Prince Regent on behalf of King George III
Baron Combermere 1814 Viscount Combermere in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
Baron Exmouth 1814 Viscount Exmouth in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
Baron Stewart 1814 Held by the Marquess of Londonderry in the Peerage of Ireland since 1822.
Baron Trench 1815 Created for the 2nd Earl of Clancarty in the Peerage of Ireland.
Baron Meldrum 1815 Created for the 5th Earl of Aboyne in the Peerage of Scotland.
Baron Grinstead 1815 Created for the 2nd Earl of Enniskillen in the Peerage of Ireland.
Baron Foxford 1815 Created for the 1st Earl of Limerick in the Peerage of Ireland.
Baron Churchill 1815 Created for Lord Francis Spencer, MP.
Baron Harris 1815 Created for George Harris.
Baron Hill 1816 Viscount Hill in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. [note 1]
Baron Ker of Kersehugh 1821 Created for the 6th Marquess of Lothian in the Peerage of Scotland. King George IV
Baron Minster 1821 Created for the 1st Marquess Conyngham in the Peerage of Ireland.
Baron Wemyss 1821 Created for the 4th Earl of March in the Peerage of Scotland, also held with the Earl of Wemyss since 1826.
Baron Silchester 1821 Created for the 2nd Earl of Longford in the Peerage of Ireland.
Baron Oriel 1821 Held by the Viscount Ferrard in the Peerage of Ireland since 1826, and Viscount Massereene since 1843.
Baron Ravensworth 1821 Created for Sir Thomas Liddell, Bt.
Baron Delamere 1821 Created for Thomas Cholmondeley.
Baron Forester 1821 Created for Cecil Weld-Forester, MP.
Baron Rayleigh 1821 Created for Lady Charlotte Strutt as she was the wife of Joseph Strutt. [note 1]
Baron Gifford 1824 Created for Sir Robert Gifford as he was the incumbent Lord Chief Justice of the Common Pleas.
Baron Wigan 1826 Created for the 7th Earl of Balcarres in the Peerage of Scotland, also held with the Earl of Crawford since 1848.
Baron Ranfurly 1826 Earl of Ranfurly in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
Baron Wharncliffe 1826 Earl of Wharncliffe in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
Baron Feversham 1826 Created for Charles Duncombe, MP.
Baron Seaford 1826 Created for Charles Ellis, MP.
Baron Plunket 1827 Created for William Plunket as he was the incumbent Lord Chief Justice of the Common Pleas for Ireland.
Baron Cowley 1828 Earl Cowley in the Peerage of United Kingdom.
Baron Heytesbury 1828 Created for Sir William à Court, Bt. as he was the incumbent Ambassador to Russia.
Baron Rosebery 1828 Created for the 4th Earl of Rosebery in the Peerage of Scotland.
Baron Clanwilliam 1828 Created for the 3rd Earl of Clanwilliam in the Peerage of Ireland.
Baron Durham 1828 Earl of Durham in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
Baron Skelmersdale 1828 Created for Edward Bootle-Wilbraham, MP.
Baron Wynford 1829 Created for Sir William Best as he was the incumbent Lord Chief Justice of the Common Pleas.
Baron Kilmarnock 1831 Created for the 18th Earl of Erroll. King William IV
Baron Kenlis 1831 Created for the 2nd Marquess of Headfort in the Peerage of Ireland.
Baron Chaworth 1831 Created for the 10th Earl of Meath in the Peerage of Ireland.
Baron Oakley 1831 Held by the Earl Cadogan in the Peerage of Great Britain since 1832.
Baron Poltimore 1831 Created for Sir George Bampfylde, Bt.
Baron Mostyn 1831 Created for Sir Edward Lloyd Bt., MP.
Baron Templemore 1831 Held by the Marquess of Donegall in the Peerage of Ireland since 1975.
Baron de Saumarez 1831 Created for Sir James Saumarez, Bt.
Baron Stanley of Bickerstaffe 1832 Held by the Earl of Derby in the Peerage of England since 1834.
Baron Denman 1834 Created for Sir Thomas Denman as he was the incumbent Lord Chief Justice of the King's Bench.
Baron Duncannon 1834 Held by the Earl of Bessborough in the Peerage of Ireland since 1844.
Baron Abinger 1835 Created for Sir James Scarlett as he was the incumbent Lord Chief Baron of the Exchequer.
Baron De L'Isle 1835 Viscount De L'Isle in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
Baron Ashburton 1835 Created for Alexander Baring, MP.
Baron Hatherton 1835 Created for Edward Littleton, MP.
Baron Strafford 1835 Earl of Strafford in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
Baron Worlingham 1835 Created for the 2nd Earl of Gosford in the Peerage of Ireland.
Baron Cottenham 1836 Earl of Cottenham in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
Baron Stratheden 1836 Created for Lady Mary Campbell as she was the wife of Sir John Campbell, MP. [note 1]
Baron Portman 1837 Viscount Portman in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
Baron Lovat 1837 Created for the 12th Lord Lovat in the Peerage of Scotland.
Baron Rossmore 1838 Created for the 2nd Baron Rossmore in the Peerage of Ireland. Queen Victoria
Baron Carew 1838 Created for the 1st Baron Carew in the Peerage of Ireland.
Baron de Mauley 1838 Created for William Ponsonby.
Baron Wrottesley 1838 Created for John Wrottesley, MP.
Baron Sudeley 1838 Created for Charles Hanbury-Tracy, MP.
Baron Methuen 1838 Created for Paul Methuen.
Baron Stanley of Alderley 1839 Createdd for Sir John Stanley, Bt.
Baron Leigh 1839 Created for Chandos Leigh.
Baron Monteagle of Brandon 1839 Created for Thomas Spring Rice as he was the former Chancellor of the Exchequer.
Baron Campbell 1841 Held by the Baron Stratheden in the Peerage in the United Kingdom since 1861.
Baron Oxenfoord 1841 Created for the 8th Earl of Stair in the Peerage of Scotland. [note 1]
Baron Vivian 1841 Created for Sir Hussey Vivian, Bt. as he was the former Master-General of the Ordnance.
Baron Congleton 1841 Created for Sir Henry Parnell, Bt.
Baron Gough 1846 Viscount Gough in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
Baron Acheson 1847 Held by the Earl of Gosford in the Peerage of Ireland since 1849.
Baron Eddisbury 1848 Held by the Baron Stanley of Alderley in the Peerage in the United Kingdom since 1850.
Baron Elgin 1849 Created for the 8th Earl of Elgin in the Peerage of Scotland.
Baron Londesborough 1850 Created for Lord Albert Denison, MP.
Baron de Freyne 1851 Created for the 1st Baron de Freyne. [note 1]
Baron Raglan 1852 Created for Lord FitzRoy Somerset as he was the incumbent Master-General of the Ordnance.
Baron Belper 1856 Created for Edward Strutt, MP.
Baron Ebury 1857 Held by the Earl of Wilton in the Peerage of the United Kingdom since 1999.
Baron Chesham 1858 Created for Charles Cavendish, MP.
Baron Chelmsford 1858 Viscount Chelmsford in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
Baron Churston 1858 Created for Sir John Yarde-Buller, Bt., MP.
Baron Leconfield 1859 Created for George Wyndham.
Baron Lyveden 1859 Created for Robert Vernon Smith, MP.
Baron Brougham and Vaux 1860 Created for the 1st Baron Brougham and Vaux as he was the former Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain.[note 1]
Baron Herbert of Lea 1861 Held by the Earl of Pembroke in the Peerage of England since 1862.
Baron Westbury 1861 Created for Sir Richard Bethell as he was the incumbent Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain.
Baron Annaly 1863 Created for Henry White.
Baron Buckhurst 1864 Held by the Earl De La Warr in the Peerage of Great Britain since 1873. [note 1]
Baron Northbrook 1866 Created for Sir Francis Baring, Bt. as he was the former Chancellor of the Exchequer.
Baron Monck 1866 Created for the 4th Viscount Monck in the Peerage of Ireland.
Baron Hartismere 1866 Created for the 4th Baron Henniker in the Peerage of Ireland.
Baron Lytton 1866 Earl of Lytton in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
Baron Hylton 1866 Created for Sir William Jolliffe, Bt., MP.
Baron Penrhyn 1866 Created for Edward Douglas-Pennant, MP.
Baron Brancepeth 1866 Created for the 7th Viscount Boyne in the Peerage of Ireland.
Baron Cairns 1867 Earl Cairns in the Peerage in the United Kingdom.
Baron O'Neill 1868 Created for William O'Neill.
Baron Napier of Magdala 1868 Created for Sir Robert Napier.
Baron Gormanston 1868 Created for the 13th Viscount Gormanston in the Peerage of Ireland.
Baron Lawrence 1869 Created for Sir John Lawrence, Bt. as he was the Viceroy of India.
Baron Dunning 1869 Created for the 9th Lord Rollo in the Peerage of Scotland.
Baron Balinhard 1869 Held by the Duke of Fife in the Peerage of the United Kingdom since 1992.
Baron Hare 1869 Created for the 3rd Earl of Listowel in the Peerage of Ireland.
Baron Howard of Glossop 1869 Held by the Duke of Norfolk in the Peerage of England since 1975.
Baron Acton 1869 Created for Sir John Dalberg-Acton, Bt.
Baron Wolverton 1869 Created for George Glyn.
Baron Kildare 1870 Held by the Duke of Leinster in the Peerage of Ireland since 1874.
Baron O'Hagan 1870 Created for Thomas O'Hagan as he was the incumbent Lord High Chancellor of Ireland.
Baron Sandhurst 1871 Created for Sir William Mansfield.
Baron Ettrick 1872 Created for the 10th Lord Napier in the Peerage of Scotland.
Baron Selborne 1872 Earl of Selborne in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
Baron Somerton 1873 Created for the 3rd Earl of Normanton in the Peerage of Ireland.
Baron Aberdare 1873 Created for Henry Bruce as he was the former Home Secretary.
Baron Moncreiff 1874 Created for Sir James Moncreiff, Bt. as he was the incumbent Lord Justice Clerk.
Baron Coleridge 1874 Created for Sir John Coleridge as he was the incumbent Lord Chief Justice of the Common Pleas.
Baron Cottesloe 1874 Created for Sir Thomas Fremantle, Bt.
Baron Hampton 1874 Created for Sir John Pakington, Bt., MP.
Baron Douglas of Douglas 1875 Created for the 11th Earl of Home in the Peerage of Scotland.
Baron Ramsay 1875 Created for the 12th Earl of Dalhousie in the Peerage of Scotland.
Baron Fermanagh 1876 Created for the 3rd Earl Erne in the Peerage of Ireland.
Baron Harlech 1876 Created for John Ormsby-Gore, MP. [note 1]
Baron Tollemache 1876 Created for John Tollemache.
Baron Gerard 1876 Created for Sir Robert Gerard, Bt.
Baron Sackville 1876 created for Mortimer Sackville-West. [note 1]
Baron Norton 1878 Created for Sir Charles Adderley, MP.
Baron Wimborne 1880 Viscount Wimborne in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
Baron Trevor 1880 Created for Lord Edwin Hill-Trevor, MP.
Baron Brabourne 1880 Held by the Earl Mountbatten of Burma in the Peerage of the United Kingdom since 2017.
Baron Ampthill 1881 Created for Lord Odo Russell as he was the incumbent Ambassador to Germany.
Baron Tweeddale 1881 Created for the 10th Marquess of Tweeddale in the Peerage of Scotland.
Baron Derwent 1881 Created for Sir Harcourt Vanden-Bempde-Johnstone, Bt., MP.
Baron Hothfield 1881 Created for Sir Henry James Tufton, Bt.
Baron Tennyson 1884 Created for Alfred Tennyson.
Baron Strathspey 1884 Created for James Ogilvy-Grant, MP.
Baron Monk Bretton 1884 Created for John George Dodson, MP.
Baron Northbourne 1884 Created for Sir Walter James, Bt.
Baron Sudley 1884 Created for the 5th Earl of Arran in the Peerage of Scotland.
Baron Powerscourt 1885 Created for the 7th Viscount Powerscourt in the Peerage of Ireland.
Baron Northington 1885 Created for the 3rd Baron Henley in the Peerage of Ireland.
Baron Rothschild 1885 Created for Sir Nathan Rothschild, Bt., MP.
Baron Revelstoke 1885 Created for Edward Baring.
Baron Monkswell 1885 Created for Sir Robert Collier.
Baron Ashbourne 1885 Created for Edward Gibson as he was the imcumbent Lord High Chancellor of Ireland.
Baron St Oswald 1885 Created for Rowland Winn, MP.
Baron Esher 1885 Viscount Esher in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
Baron Montagu of Beaulieu 1885 Created for Lord Henry Douglas-Scott-Montagu.
Baron Elphinstone 1885 Created for the 15th Lord Elphinstone in the Peerage of Scotland.
Baron Colville of Culross 1885 Viscount Colville of Culross in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
Baron Hindlip 1886 Created for Sir Henry Allsopp, Bt., MP.
Baron Grimthorpe 1886 Created for Sir Edmund Beckett, Bt. [note 1]
Baron Kensington 1886 Created for the 4th Baron Kensington in the Peerage of Ireland.
Baron Hamilton of Dalzell 1886 Created for John Hamilton, MP.
Baron Stanley of Preston 1886 Held by the Earl of Derby in the Peerage of England since 1893.
Baron Bowes 1887 Created for the 13th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne in the Peerage of Scotland.
Baron St Levan 1887 Created for Sir John St Aubyn, Bt., MP.
Baron Basing 1887 Created for George Sclater-Booth, MP
Baron de Ramsey 1887 Created for Edward Fellowes.
Baron Addington 1887 Created for John Hubbard as he was the former Governor of the Bank of England.
Baron Knutsford 1888 Viscount Knutsford in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
Baron Savile 1888 Created for Sir John Savile as he was the former Ambassador to Italy. [note 1]
Baron Iveagh 1891 Earl of Iveagh in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
Baron Cromer 1892 Earl of Cromer in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
Baron Ashcombe 1892 Created for George Cubitt.
Baron Crawshaw 1892 Created for Sir Thomas Brooks, Bt.
Baron Amherst of Hackney 1892 Created for William Tyssen-Amherst. [note 1]
Baron Newton 1892 Created for William Legh.
Baron Dunleath 1892 Created for John Mulholland.
Baron Swansea 1893 Created for Sir Henry Vivian, Bt., MP.
Baron Hawkesbury 1893 Earl of Liverpool in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
Baron Aldenham 1896 Created for Hucks Gibbs as he was the former Governor of the Bank of England.
Baron Fairlie 1897 Created for the 7th Earl of Glasgow in the Peerage of Scotland.
Baron Dawnay 1897 Created for the 8th Viscount Downe in the Peerage of Ireland.
Baron HolmPatrick 1897 Created for Ion Hamilton.
Baron Burton 1897 Created for the 1st Baron Burton. [note 1]
Baron Glanusk 1899 Created for Sir Joseph Russell Bailey, Bt.
Baron Cranworth 1899 Created for Robert Gurdon.
Baron Avebury 1900 Created for Sir John Lubbock, Bt., MP.
Baron Killanin 1900 Created for the Baron Morris as he was the former Lord Chief Justice of Ireland.
Baron Strathcona and Mount Royal 1900 Created for the 1st Baron Strathcona and Mount Royal as he was the Canadan High Commissioner the United Kingdom. [note 1]
Baron Kinross 1902 Created for John Balfour as he was the current Lord President of the Court of Session. King Edward VII
Baron Shuttleworth 1902 Created for Sir Ughtred Kay-Shuttleworth, Bt., MP.
Baron Grenfell 1902 Created for Sir Francis Grenfell.
Baron Knollys 1902 Viscount Knollys in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
Baron Redesdale 1902 Created for Algernon Freeman-Mitford.
Baron Burnham 1903 Created for Sir Edward Levy-Lawson, Bt. as he was the owner of The Daily Telegraph.
Baron Biddulph 1903 Created for Michael Biddulph.
Baron Swaythling 1907 Created for Sir Samuel Montagu, Bt.
Baron Blyth 1907 Created for Sir James Blyth, Bt.
Baron Marchamley 1908 Created for George Whiteley, MP
Baron St Davids 1908 Viscount St Davids in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
Baron Gorell 1909 Created for Sir Gorell Barnes.
Baron Fisher 1909 Created for Sir John Fisher as he was the incumbent First Sea Lord.
Baron Kilbracken 1909 Created for Sir Arthur Godley.
Baron Ashby St Ledgers 1910 Viscount Wimborne in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
Baron Mersey 1910 Viscount Mersey in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
Baron Created for King George V

TitlesEdit

Marquesses, earls, viscounts and barons are all addressed as 'Lord X', where 'X' represents either their territory or surname pertaining to their title. Marchionesses, countesses, viscountesses and baronesses are all addressed as 'Lady X'. Dukes and duchesses are addressed just as 'Duke' or 'Duchess' or, in a non-social context, 'Your Grace'.

Lists of peersEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "The Dukes of the Peerage of the United Kingdom". Archived from the original on 12 May 2008. Retrieved 11 May 2008.
  2. ^ Originally created for the 6th Earl of Fife on his wedding day to Princess Louise of Wales on 29 July 1889.
  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al Current Peerage with Special Remainder according to the link