William Hay, 10th Marquess of Tweeddale

William Montagu Hay, 10th Marquess of Tweeddale KT DL (29 January 1826 – 25 November 1911), known before 1878 as Lord William Hay or Lord William Montagu Hay, was a Scottish landowner, peer and politician. He was born at Yester House, near Gifford, East Lothian, and served in British India as a member of the Bengal Civil Service and later as a Liberal Member of Parliament.

The Marquess of Tweeddale

Lord William Hay Vanity Fair 1874-12-12.jpg
"The Director", caricature of Hay by "Ape" published in Vanity Fair in December 1874
Member of Parliament for Haddington Burghs
In office
Preceded bySir Henry Ferguson Davie
Succeeded bySir David Wedderburn, 3rd Baronet
Member of Parliament for Taunton
In office
Preceded byArthur Mills
Succeeded byEdward William Cox
Personal details
Born(1826-01-29)29 January 1826
Yester House, Gifford, East Lothian
Died25 November 1911(1911-11-25) (aged 85)
London, England
Political partyLiberal
Candida Louisa Bartolucci
(m. 1878)
EducationImperial Service College

In 1878 he succeeded his brother as Marquess of Tweeddale and as owner of some 40,000 acres in Scotland. He went on to become Lord High Commissioner to the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland and was appointed a Knight of the Thistle.

Early lifeEdit

Hay was born at Yester House on 29 January 1826. He was the third son (of six sons and eight daughters) born to Lady Susan Montagu and George Hay, 8th Marquess of Tweeddale (1787–1876).[1] Among his many prominent siblings were Lady Susan Hay (wife of James Broun-Ramsay, 1st Marquess of Dalhousie), Lady Hannah Hay (wife of Simon Watson Taylor), Lady Elizabeth Hay (wife of Arthur Wellesley, 2nd Duke of Wellington), George Hay, Earl of Gifford, Lord Arthur, later Earl of Gifford and later 9th Marquess of Tweeddale, Lord John Hay, Lady Jane Hay (wife of Sir Richard Taylor), and Lady Emily Hay (wife of Sir Robert Peel, 3rd Baronet).[2]

His paternal grandfather was George Hay, 7th Marquess of Tweeddale and Lady Hannah Charlotte Maitland (a daughter of James Maitland, 7th Earl of Lauderdale). His maternal grandparents were William Montagu, 5th Duke of Manchester and Lady Susan Gordon (third daughter of Alexander Gordon, 4th Duke of Gordon).[2]

As the third son of a Marquess who was not expected to inherit the title, Hay was educated at the Imperial Service College and prepared for a career in the Civil Service.


From 1845 to 1862, he served in the Bengal Civil Service, including some years as Deputy Commissioner of Simla and then as Superintendent of the Hill States of Northern India.[3]

Following his permanent return from India Hay was Liberal Member of Parliament for Taunton from 1865 to 1868, and was elected again for Haddington Burghs in 1878. He also became Chairman of the North British Railway Company.[3]

After succeeding his brother Arthur as Marquess of Tweeddale on 29 December 1878, he became the owner of estates totalling some 40,000 acres in Scotland.[3] In 1881 he was created Baron Tweeddale of Yester in the peerage of the United Kingdom, giving him a seat in the House of Lords.[1]

As well as being Hereditary Chamberlain of Dunfermline, he was Lord High Commissioner to the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland from 1889 to 1892 and, again, from 1896 to 1897.[3]


The grave of William Montagu Hay, Yester Parish Church, Gifford, East Lothian

On 26 October 1898 Tweeddale was appointed a Knight of the Thistle and was invested at Windsor Castle on 8 December.[4] He was also a Deputy Lieutenant for the counties of Haddingtonshire (now called East Lothian and Berwickshire) and a Brigadier-General of the Royal Company of Archers, a ceremonial unit that serves as the Sovereign's Bodyguard in Scotland.[5]

Personal lifeEdit

The Hay grave, Yester Parish Church

On 18 May 1878, Lord Tweeddale was married to Candida Louise Bartolucci (1854–1925)[6] at St Augustine's Church, London. Candida was a daughter of Signor Vincenzo Bartolucci of Cantiano, Italy.[1] Candida's sister, Evelyn Bartolucci, was the second wife of Adm. Sir Astley Cooper Key. Together, William and Candida were the parents of:[2]

He died on 25 November 1911 at his house in London, 6 Hill Street,[11] and was succeeded by his eldest son, the Earl of Gifford (born 1884).[3] He is buried at Yester Parish Church in Gifford, East Lothian, close to his family home at Yester House.


As his eldest son died without male issue, David George Montagu Hay, the son of his youngest son Lord Edward Douglas Hay, became the 12th Marquess of Tweeddale in 1967.[2]


  1. ^ a b c George Edward Cokayne, ed. Vicary Gibbs, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain, vol. 12, part 2 (1959), p. 84
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "Tweeddale, Marquess of (S, 1694)". cracroftspeerage.co.uk. Heraldic Media Limited. Retrieved 22 October 2019.
  3. ^ a b c d e 'Tweeddale, 10th Marquess of (born 29 Jan. 1826, died 25 Nov. 1911)' in Who Was Who 1897–1915 (London: A. & C. Black, 1988 reprint: ISBN 0-7136-2670-4)
  4. ^ William Arthur Shaw, The Knights of England: A Complete Record from the Earliest Time, vol. 1 (1971), p. 88: "William Montagu (Hay), 10th marquess of Tweeddale. Warrant of appointment Oct. 26; invested at Windsor Castle Dec. 8 ; warrant of dispensation of installation Dec. 8. In place of No. 94."
  5. ^ Edinburgh Almanac and National Repository (Oliver & Boyd, 1897), p. 626
  6. ^ "Sitter: Lady (Susan Elizabeth) Clémentine Waring, née Hay (1879-1964)". Lafayette Negative Archive.
  7. ^ Lodge, Edmund (1901). The Peerage and Baronetage of the British Empire as at Present Existing: Arranged and Printed from the Personal Communications of the Nobility. Hurst and Blackett Limited. p. 695. Retrieved 22 October 2019.
  8. ^ "Lady Tweeddale" (PDF). The New York Times. 16 October 1944. Retrieved 22 October 2019.
  9. ^ TIMES, Special Cable to THE NEW YORK (8 December 1912). "WEDS LORD TWEEDDALE.; Miss Marguerite Ralli Becomes Wife of Young English Nobleman" (PDF). The New York Times. Retrieved 22 October 2019.
  10. ^ "LORD TWEEDDALE ENGAGED; To Wed Miss Margaret Ralli, Cousin of His Brother's Wife" (PDF). The New York Times. 26 October 1912. Retrieved 22 October 2019.
  11. ^ The Electrical Journal, vol. 68 (1912), p. 309

External linksEdit

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Sir Henry Ferguson Davie
Member of Parliament for Haddington
Succeeded by
Sir David Wedderburn, Bt
Preceded by
Arthur Mills
Member of Parliament for Taunton
Succeeded by
Edward William Cox
Peerage of Scotland
Preceded by
Arthur Hay
Marquess of Tweeddale
Succeeded by
William Hay
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baron Tweeddale of Yester
Succeeded by
William Hay