Open main menu

The Peerage of Scotland (Scottish Gaelic: Moraireachd na h-Alba, Scots: Peerage o Scotland) is the section of the Peerage of the British Isles for those peers created by the King of Scots before 1707. Following that year's Treaty of Union, the Kingdom of Scots and the Kingdom of England were combined under the name of Great Britain, and a new Peerage of Great Britain was introduced in which subsequent titles were created.

After the Union, the Peers of the ancient Parliament of Scotland elected 16 representative peers to sit in the House of Lords. The Peerage Act 1963 granted all Scottish Peers the right to sit in the House of Lords, but this automatic right was revoked, as for all hereditary peerages (except those of the incumbent Earl Marshal and Lord Great Chamberlain), when the House of Lords Act 1999 received royal assent. Had the Scottish people voted "Yes" in the Scottish independence referendum, 2014, the eligibility of Peers of Scotland to sit in the House of Lords would have been reviewed.

Unlike most peerages, many Scottish titles have been granted with remainder to pass via female offspring (thus an Italian family has succeeded to and presently holds the earldom of Newburgh[1]), and in the case of daughters only, these titles devolve to the eldest daughter rather than falling into abeyance (as is the case with ancient English baronies by writ of summons). Unlike other British peerage titles, Scots Law permits peerages to be inherited by or through a person who was not legitimate at birth, but was subsequently legitimised by their parents marrying later.[2][3]

The ranks of the Scottish Peerage are, in ascending order: Lord of Parliament, Viscount, Earl, Marquis and Duke. Scottish Viscounts differ from those of the other Peerages (of England, Great Britain, Ireland and the United Kingdom) by using the style of in their title, as in Viscount of Oxfuird. Though this is the theoretical form, most Viscounts drop the "of". The Viscount of Arbuthnott and to a lesser extent the Viscount of Oxfuird still use "of." Scottish Peers were entitled to sit in the ancient Parliament of Scotland.

Scottish Barons rank below Lords of Parliament, and although considered noble, their titles are incorporeal hereditaments. At one time feudal barons did sit in parliament. However, they are considered minor barons and not peers because their titles can be hereditary, or bought and sold.

In the following table of the Peerage of Scotland as it currently stands, each peer's highest ranking title in the other peerages (if any) are also listed. Those peers who are known by a higher title in one of the other peerages are listed in italics.


Contents

Dukes in the Peerage of ScotlandEdit

Marquesses in the Peerage of ScotlandEdit

Earls and Countesses in the Peerage of ScotlandEdit

  •   Subsidiary title.
Title Creation Other Earldom or higher titles
The Countess of Sutherland 1230
The Earl of Crawford and Balcarres 1398; 1651 Lord Wigan in the Peerage of the United Kingdom;
Lord Balniel in the Life in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
The Countess of Mar 1114
The Earl of Erroll 1452
The Earl of Rothes 1457
The Earl of Morton 1458
The Earl of Buchan 1469 Lord Erskine in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
The Earl of Eglinton 1507 Earl of Winton in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
The Earl of Cassilis 1509 Marquess of Ailsa in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
The Earl of Caithness 1455
The Earl of Mar and Kellie 1565; 1619 Lord Erskine of Alloa Tower in the Life in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
The Earl of Moray 1562 Lord Stuart in the Peerage of Great Britain.
The Earl of Home 1605 Lord Douglas in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
The Earl of Perth 1605
The Earl of Abercorn 1606 Duke of Abercorn in the Peerage of Ireland;
Marquess of Abercorn in the Peerage of Great Britain
.
The Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne 1606 Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
The Earl of Haddington 1619
The Earl of Galloway 1623
The Earl of Lauderdale 1624
The Earl of Lindsay 1633
The Earl of Loudoun 1633
The Earl of Kinnoull 1633 Lord Hay in the Peerage of Great Britain.
The Earl of Dumfries and Bute 1633; 1703 Marquess of Bute in the Peerage of Great Britain.
The Earl of Elgin and Kincardine 1633; 1647 Lord Elgin in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
The Earl of Southesk 1633 Duke of Fife in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
The Earl of Wemyss and March 1633; 1697 Lord Wemyss in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
The Earl of Dalhousie 1633 Lord Ramsay in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
The Earl of Airlie 1639
The Earl of Leven and Melville 1641; 1690
The Earl of Dysart 1643
The Earl of Selkirk 1646 Presently disclaimed by James Douglas-Hamilton - Lord Selkirk of Douglas in the Peerage of the Life in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
The Earl of Northesk 1647
The Earl of Dundee 1660
The Earl of Newburgh 1660
The Earl of Annandale and Hartfell 1662
The Earl of Dundonald 1669
The Earl of Kintore 1677 Viscount Stonehaven in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
The Earl of Aberdeen 1682 Marquess of Aberdeen and Temair in the Peerage of the United Kingdom;
Viscount Gordon in the Peerage of Great Britain
.
The Earl of Dunmore 1686
The Earl of Orkney 1696
The Earl of Seafield 1701
The Earl of Stair 1703 Lord Oxenfoord in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
The Earl of Rosebery 1703 Earl of Midlothian in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
The Earl of Glasgow 1703 Lord Fairlie in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
The Earl of Hopetoun 1703 Marquess of Linlithgow in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.

Viscounts in the Peerage of ScotlandEdit

  •   Subsidiary title.
Title Creation Other Viscountcy or higher titles
The Viscount Falkland 1620
The Viscount of Stormont 1621 Earl of Mansfield in the Peerage of Great Britain
The Viscount of Arbuthnott 1641
The Viscount of Oxfuird 1651

Lords of Parliament in the Peerage of ScotlandEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Representative Peers of Scotland". The Scottish Review. 25: 357. 1895.
  2. ^ Earl of Dundee quoted in Hansard: LEGITIMATION (SCOTLAND) BILL [H.L.]
  3. ^ Lauderdale Peerage Claim, House of Lords, 1884–1885

External linksEdit