Peerage of Scotland

The Peerage of Scotland (Scottish Gaelic: Moraireachd na h-Alba, Scots: Peerage o Scotland) is the section of the Peerage of the British Isles for those peers created by the King of Scots before 1707. Following that year's Treaty of Union, the Kingdom of Scots and the Kingdom of England were combined under the name of Great Britain, and a new Peerage of Great Britain was introduced in which subsequent titles were created.

Scottish Peers were entitled to sit in the ancient Parliament of Scotland. After the Union, the Peers of the old Parliament of Scotland elected 16 representative peers to sit in the House of Lords at Westminster. The Peerage Act 1963 granted all Scottish Peers the right to sit in the House of Lords, but this automatic right was revoked, as for all hereditary peerages (except those of the incumbent Earl Marshal and Lord Great Chamberlain), when the House of Lords Act 1999 received the Royal Assent.

Unlike most peerages, many Scottish titles have been granted with remainder to pass via female offspring (thus an Italian family has succeeded to and presently holds the earldom of Newburgh[1]), and in the case of daughters only, these titles devolve to the eldest daughter rather than falling into abeyance (as is the case with ancient English baronies by writ of summons). Unlike other British peerage titles, Scots law permits peerages to be inherited by or through a person who was not legitimate at birth, but was subsequently legitimised by their parents marrying later.[2][3]

The ranks of the Scottish Peerage are, in ascending order: Lord of Parliament, Viscount, Earl, Marquis and Duke. Scottish Viscounts differ from those of the other Peerages (of England, Great Britain, Ireland and the United Kingdom) by using the style of in their title, as in Viscount of Oxfuird. Though this is the theoretical form, most Viscounts drop the "of". The Viscount of Arbuthnott and to a lesser extent the Viscount of Oxfuird still use "of".

Scottish Barons rank below Lords of Parliament, and although considered noble, their titles are incorporeal hereditaments. At one time feudal barons did sit in parliament. However, they are considered minor barons and not peers because their titles can be hereditary, or bought and sold.

In the following table of the Peerage of Scotland as it currently stands, each peer's highest ranking title in the other peerages (if any) are also listed. Those peers who are known by a higher title in one of the other peerages are listed in italics.

DukesEdit

  •   Subsidiary title.
  •   Holds a second dukedom in the Peerage of Scotland.
Title Creation Other Dukedom or higher titles Title used in the House of Lords
The Duke of Rothesay 1398 Since 1603, usually Prince of Wales as the heir to the throne
Duke of Cornwall in the Peerage of England.
The Duke of Hamilton 12 September 1643 Duke of Brandon in the Peerage of Great Britain Duke of Brandon
The Duke of Buccleuch 20 April 1663 Duke of Queensberry in the Peerage of Scotland Earl of Doncaster
The Duke of Lennox 1675 Duke of Richmond in the Peerage of England;
Duke of Gordon in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
The Duke of Queensberry 3 February 1684 Duke of Buccleuch in the Peerage of Scotland
The Duke of Argyll 23 June 1701
Baron Sundridge
Baron Hamilton
Duke of Argyll (Peerage of the United Kingdom)
The Duke of Atholl 1703
The Duke of Montrose 1707 Earl Graham
The Duke of Roxburghe 1707 Earl Innes

MarquessesEdit

Title Creation Other Marquessate or higher titles
The Marquess of Huntly 1599
The Marquess of Queensberry 1682
The Marquess of Tweeddale 1694
The Marquess of Lothian 1701

Earls and countessesEdit

  •   Subsidiary title.
  •   Holds a second earldom in the Peerage of Scotland.
Title Creation Other Earldom or higher titles
The Earl of Sutherland 1230
The Earl of Crawford 1398 Earl of Balcarres in the Peerage of Scotland
The Countess of Mar 1404
The Earl of Erroll 1452
The Earl of Rothes 1457
The Earl of Morton 1458
The Earl of Buchan 1469
The Earl of Eglinton 1507 Earl of Winton in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
The Earl of Cassilis 1509 Marquess of Ailsa in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
The Earl of Caithness 1455
The Earl of Mar 1565 Earl of Kellie in the Peerage of Scotland
The Earl of Moray 1562
The Earl of Home 1605
The Earl of Perth 1605
The Earl of Abercorn 1606 Duke of Abercorn in the Peerage of Ireland
The Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne 1606 Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
The Earl of Haddington 1619
The Earl of Kellie 1619 Earl of Mar (1565) in the Peerage of Scotland
The Earl of Galloway 1623
The Earl of Lauderdale 1624
The Earl of Lindsay 1633
The Earl of Loudoun 1633
The Earl of Kinnoull 1633
The Earl of Dumfries 1633 Marquess of Bute in the Peerage of Great Britain.
The Earl of Elgin 1633
The Earl of Southesk 1633 Duke of Fife in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
The Earl of Wemyss 1633 Earl of March in the Peerage of Scotland
The Earl of Dalhousie 1633
The Earl of Airlie 1639
The Earl of Leven 1641 Earl of Melville in the Peerage of Scotland
The Earl of Dysart 1643
The Earl of Selkirk 1646 Presently disclaimed by James Douglas-Hamilton - Lord Selkirk of Douglas in the Peerage of the Life in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
The Earl of Northesk 1647
The Earl of Kincardine 1647
The Earl of Balcarres 1651
The Earl of Dundee 1660
The Earl of Newburgh 1660
The Earl of Annandale and Hartfell 1662
The Earl of Dundonald 1669
The Earl of Kintore 1677
The Earl of Aberdeen 1682 Marquess of Aberdeen and Temair in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
The Earl of Dunmore 1686
The Earl of Melville 1690 Earl of Leven in the Peerage of Scotland
The Earl of Orkney 1696
The Earl of March 1697 Earl of Wemyss in the Peerage of Scotland
The Earl of Seafield 1701
The Earl of Stair 1703
The Earl of Rosebery 1703 Earl of Midlothian in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
The Earl of Glasgow 1703
The Earl of Hopetoun 1703 Marquess of Linlithgow in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
The Earl of Bute 1703 Marquess of Bute in the Peerage of Great Britain


ViscountsEdit

  •   Subsidiary title.
Title Creation Other Viscountcy or higher titles
The Viscount Falkland 1620
The Viscount of Stormont 1621 Earl of Mansfield in the Peerage of Great Britain
The Viscount of Arbuthnott 1641
The Viscount of Oxfuird 1651

Lords of ParliamentEdit

  •   Subsidiary title.
Title Creation Other titles
The Lord Forbes 1442
The Lord Gray 1445
The Lady Saltoun 1445
The Lord Sinclair 1449
The Lord Borthwick 1452
The Lord Cathcart 1452 Earl Cathcart in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
The Lord Lovat 1464 Baron Lovat in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
The Lord Sempill 1488
The Lady Herries 1490
The Lord Elphinstone 1510 Baron Elphinstone in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
The Lord Torphichen 1564
The Lady Kinloss 1602
The Lord Colville of Culross 1604 Viscount Colville of Culross in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
The Lord Balfour of Burleigh 1607
The Lord Dingwall 1609 Baron Lucas in the Peerage of England.
The Lord Napier 1627 Baron Ettrick in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
The Lord Fairfax of Cameron 1627
The Lord Reay 1628
The Lord Forrester 1633 Baron Verulam in the Peerage of Great Britain;
Viscount Grimston in the Peerage of Ireland;
Earl of Verulam in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
The Lord Elibank 1643
The Lord Belhaven and Stenton 1647
The Lord Rollo 1651 Baron Dunning in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
The Lord Ruthven of Freeland 1651 Earl of Carlisle in the Peerage of England.
The Lord Nairne 1681 Viscount Mersey in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
The Lord Polwarth 1690

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Representative Peers of Scotland". The Scottish Review. 25: 357. 1895.
  2. ^ Earl of Dundee quoted in Hansard: LEGITIMATION (SCOTLAND) BILL [H.L.]
  3. ^ Lauderdale Peerage Claim, House of Lords, 1884–1885

External linksEdit