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The Duke of Roxburghe (/ˈrɒksbərə/) is a title in the peerage of Scotland created in 1707 along with the titles Marquess of Bowmont and Cessford, Earl of Kelso and Viscount Broxmouth. John Ker, 5th Earl of Roxburghe became the first holder of these titles. The title is derived from the royal burgh of Roxburgh in the Scottish Borders that in 1460 the Scots captured and destroyed.

Dukedom of Roxburghe
Coat of arms of the duke of Roxburghe.png
Quarterly, 1st and 4th grandquarters: quarterly, 1st and 4th, Vert on a Chevron between three Unicorns' Heads erased Argent armed and maned Or as many Mullets Sable (Ker); 2nd and 3rd, Gules three Mascles Or (Weepont); 2nd and 3rd grandquarters: Argent three Stars of five points Azure (Innes).
Creation date1707
MonarchAnne
PeeragePeerage of Scotland
First holderJohn Ker, 5th Earl of Roxburghe
Present holderGuy Innes-Ker, 10th Duke
Heir apparentCharles Innes-Ker, Marquess of Bowmont and Cessford
Remainder tothe heirs inheriting the Earldom of Roxburghe[1] (see that section for details)
Subsidiary titlesMarquess of Bowmont and Cessford
Earl of Roxburghe
Earl of Kelso
Earl Innes
Viscount Broxmouth
Lord Roxburghe
Lord Ker of Cessford and Cavertoun
Seat(s)Floors Castle
10th Duke of Roxburghe by Allan Warren

Originally created Earl of Roxburghe in 1616, before the elevation to duke, a number of other subsidiary titles are held: Marquess of Bowmont and Cessford (created 1707), Earl of Kelso (1707), Earl Innes (1837), Viscount Broxmouth (1707), Lord Roxburghe (1600), and Lord Ker of Cessford and Cavertoun (1616). All of the titles form part of the peerage of Scotland, with the exception the Earldom of Innes, which belongs to the peerage of the United Kingdom. The Duke's eldest son bears the courtesy title of Marquess of Bowmont and Cessford.

The dukedom and its associated titles descend to heirs who shall inherit the earldom which in turn had a very specific line of descent. On the death of the 4th duke the titles became dormant as no one could prove their claim. In 1812 the House of Lords ruled in favour of Sir James Innes-Ker, 6th Baronet, of Innes (see Innes baronets), rejecting claims by the heir female of the second earl and heir male whatsoever of the first earl.

The Duke of Roxburghe would be the Chief of Clan Innes, but cannot be so recognised as he retains the name Innes-Ker.[2]

The family has its seat at Floors Castle near Kelso, Scotland. The grounds contain the ruins of Roxburgh Castle on a promontory between the rivers Tweed and Teviot. The traditional burial place of the Dukes of Roxburghe is the Roxburghe Memorial Cloister (also known as "Roxburghe Aisle"), a 20th-century addition to the ruins of Kelso Abbey.

Contents

Earls of Roxburghe (1616)Edit

In 1600, Robert Ker was created Lord Roxburghe, in 1616 he was additionally created Earl of Roxburghe, and Lord Ker of Cessford and Cavertoun. The succession was originally to heirs male of the 1st Earl, but after his sons predeceased him, the title was recreated in 1646 with additional remainder in favour of "(i) his grandson by his eldest daughter, Sir William Drummond, and his issue in tail male, (ii) of his great-grandsons in like manner, i.e. the second and other younger sons of Jane Drummond, the sister of Sir William Drummond, by her husband John [Fleming], 3rd Earl of Wigtown [...] which failing (iii) of the eldest daughter of Hon Harry Ker, styled Lord Ker, without division and to her heirs male, which failing (iv) to his own heirs male whomsoever".[3]

Dukes of Roxburghe (1707)Edit

Family TreeEdit

Ker and Innes-Ker Family Tree: Earls and Dukes of Roxburghe


 
 
 
 
EARL OF ROXBURGHE, 1616
 
 
 
 
Robert Ker,
1st Earl of Roxburghe

(1570–1650)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
William Ker,
Lord Ker
(d. 1618)
 
Lady Jean Ker
m. John Drummond,
2nd Earl of Perth
 
 
 
Henry Ker,
Lord Ker
(d. 1643)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
William Drummond (Ker),
2nd Earl of Roxburghe

(1622–1675)
 
Jean Ker
 
Margaret Ker
(d. 1681)
m. Sir James Innes, 3rd Bt.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Robert Ker,
3rd Earl of Roxburghe

(1658–1682)
 
 
 
John Ker (Bellenden),
2nd Lord Bellenden
[5]
(d. 1707)
 
Sir Henry Innes, 4th Bt.
(d. 1721)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
DUKE OF ROXBURGHE, 1707
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Robert Ker,
4th Earl of Roxburghe
(c. 1677–1696)
 
John Ker,
5th Earl of Roxburghe,
1st Duke of Roxburghe

(c. 1680–1741)
 
William Bellenden
(1702–1758)
 
Sir Henry Innes, 5th Bt.
(d. 1762)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
DUKE OF ROXBURGHE, 1707
(SUCCESSION DECIDED 1812)
 
 
 
 
Robert Ker
2nd Duke of Roxburghe

(c. 1709–1755)
 
William Bellenden-Ker
7th Lord Bellenden,
4th Duke of Roxburghe

(1728–1805)
 
Sir James Innes-Ker, 6th Bt.,
5th Duke of Roxburghe

(1736–1823)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
John Ker,
3rd Duke of Roxburghe

(1740–1804)
 
 
 
 
 
James Henry Robert Innes-Ker,
6th Duke of Roxburghe

(1816–1879)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
James Henry Robert Innes-Ker,
7th Duke of Roxburghe

(1839–1892)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Henry John Innes-Ker,
8th Duke of Roxburghe

(1876–1932)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
George Victor Robert John Innes-Ker,
9th Duke of Roxburghe

(1913–1974)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Guy David Innes-Ker,
10th Duke of Roxburghe

(b. 1954)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Charles Robert George Innes-Ker,
Marquess of Bowmont and Cessford

(b. 1981)
Heir Apparent

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-05-19. Retrieved 2019-05-14.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ "The Standing Council of Scottish Chiefs Requirements for Recognition". Archived from the original on 2012-02-26. Retrieved 2009-09-03.
  3. ^ http://www.cracroftspeerage.co.uk/online/content/roxburghe1616.htm
  4. ^ Lundy, Darryl. "Duke of Roxburghe".
  5. ^ Acceded to the title of Lord Bellenton of Broughton as the 2nd Earl, inheriting the title from his kinsman, the 1st Earl, by special remainder under Royal Charter of 1673

External linksEdit