Harry Nathan, 1st Baron Nathan
Harry Louis Nathan, 1st Baron Nathan, PC, TD, FBA, FSA (2 February 1889 – 23 October 1963) was a British Liberal politician who from 1934 onwards represented the Labour Party. He served two London seats non-consecutively and while serving the second seat was elevated to the House of Lords (by the creation of his peerage); five years later he served in two positions consecutively as a government minister in the Attlee Ministry until 1948.
The Lord Nathan
|Minister of Civil Aviation|
4 October 1946 – 31 May 1948
|Prime Minister||Clement Attlee|
|Preceded by||Reginald Fletcher|
|Succeeded by||The Lord Pakenham|
|Born||2 February 1889|
|Died||23 October 1963 (aged 74)|
|Alma mater||St Paul's School|
Nathan was born in London in 1889, son of Michael Henry Nathan, a fine art publisher and magistrate. Educated at St Paul's School, he became a solicitor and member of the firm of Herbert Oppenheimer, Nathan and Vandyk. He became honorary secretary of the Brady Working Lads' Club, the oldest and largest of the London Jewish Lads' Clubs (now JLGB).
He stood as the Liberal candidate in 1924 for Whitechapel and St. George's without success. He was a member of the Liberal Industrial Inquiry which prepared Britain's Industrial Future, also known as the Liberal Yellow Book. He was first elected in 1929 as Member of Parliament (MP) for Bethnal Green North East and was re-elected in 1931. Along with many other Anglo-Jewish communal leaders, Nathan was a founding member of the Central British Fund for German Jewry renamed some years after his death. In 1934, he defected to the Labour Party. Labour won the seat at the 1935 general election but Nathan was not their candidate; he opted instead to stand in Cardiff South. He lost by 1.8% of the votes cast, a small increase in the two-party swing his campaign saw — of 271 votes — would have seen him elected.
In 1937, Nathan returned to Parliament in a by-election in Wandsworth Central as the Labour candidate. He in turn stepped down in 1940 to make way for Ernest Bevin, and was created a hereditary peer as Baron Nathan of Churt in the County of Surrey on 28 June 1940. He continued in active politics from the House of Lords, serving as Under-Secretary of State for War (1945–46 and Minister for Civil Aviation (4 October 1946 – 31 May 1948). He was made a Privy Counsellor in 1946.
His wife Eleanor Nathan was Chairman of London County Council (1947-1948). He was succeeded to the barony by his son Roger (1922–2007). His daughter, Joyce, was married to Bernard Waley-Cohen, later the 633rd Lord Mayor of London, and the son of Robert Waley Cohen, an industrialist and fellow leading member of the Central British Fund for German Jewry.
- Liberal Industrial Inquiry (1977). "Membership of Liberal Industrial Inquiry". Britain's Industrial Future. London: Ernest Benn Limited. p. viii. ISBN 0510023002.
- Gottlieb, Amy Zahl. Men of Vision: Anglo-Jewry's Aid to Victims of the Nazi Regime, 1933–1945. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1998, p.26
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1918–1949, F W S Craig
- "No. 34884". The London Gazette. 28 June 1940. p. 3941.
- "Lady Nathan presides over London County Council". The Sydney Morning Herald. 7 August 1947.
- Burke's Peerage. 1949.
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Harry Nathan
- Newspaper clippings about Harry Nathan, 1st Baron Nathan in the 20th Century Press Archives of the ZBW
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
| Member of Parliament for Bethnal Green North East
1929 – 1935
Sir Henry Jackson
| Member of Parliament for Wandsworth Central
1937 – 1940
Sir Henry Page Croft
| Under-Secretary of State for War
The Lord Longford
| Minister of Civil Aviation
The Lord Pakenham
|Peerage of the United Kingdom|
|New creation|| Baron Nathan