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Henry Bouverie William Brand, 1st Viscount Hampden GCB PC (24 December 1814 – 14 March 1892), was a British Liberal politician. He served as Speaker of the House of Commons from 1872 to 1884.


The Viscount Hampden

Henry Brand, 1st Viscount Hampden.jpg
Speaker of the House of Commons
In office
1872–1884
MonarchQueen Victoria
Preceded bySir Evelyn Denison
Succeeded bySir Arthur Wellesley Peel
Personal details
Born24 December 1814 (1814-12-24)
Died14 March 1892(1892-03-14) (aged 77)
Pau, France
NationalityBritish
Political partyLiberal
Spouse(s)Eliza Ellice (1818-1899)

Contents

Background and educationEdit

Brand was the second son of General Henry Trevor, 21st Baron Dacre, who inherited the barony in 1851, second son of Thomas Brand and Gertrude Roper, 19th Baroness Dacre. His mother was Pyne, daughter of the Very Reverend the Hon. Maurice Crosbie, Dean of Limerick, son of the 1st Lord Brandon (Brandon's wife was a granddaughter of Sir William Petty, FRS). He descended, almost directly, from Colonel John Hampden, "the Patriot"; his forebear, Sir John Trevor III (1624–72) of Plas Teg, son of Sir John Trevor II of Plas Teg and Trevalun, by Anne daughter of Sir Edmund Hampden of Wendover, had married John Hampden's daughter Ruth, who was his first cousin. That is to say the 19th Baron Dacre (aka Gertrude Roper (d.1819) wife to Thomas Brand V (1749–94)) was the great-great-granddaughter of The Patriot.

He was educated at Eton and was a member of Brook's, Reform and Athenaeum clubs. Brand was in the Coldstream Guards for 12 years, from 20 April 1832 until 6 September 1844. He was their 963rd officer. His father, the General, had been their 690th officer serving 28 years between 1793 and 1821.

Political careerEdit

 
Hampden's autograph and photograph published by George Potter in 1891.

Brand entered parliament as a Liberal in 1852, sat for Cambridgeshire, and for some time was Chief Whip of his party. He was a Lord of the Treasury during the first Palmerston ministry, and Parliamentary Secretary to the Treasury during the second. At some point he was Keeper of the Privy Seal to the Prince of Wales. In 1872 he was elected speaker, and retained this post till February 1884. It fell to him to deal with the systematic obstruction of the Irish Nationalist Party, and his speakership is memorable for his action on 2 February 1881 in refusing further debate on W. E. Forster's Coercion Bill—a step which led to the formal introduction of the closure into parliamentary procedure.[1] He was appointed a GCB in 1881 and on his retirement he was created Viscount Hampden, of Glynde in the County of Sussex. In 1890 he also succeeded in the barony of Dacre on the death of his brother.

EstatesEdit

According to John Bateman, who derived his information from statistics published in 1873, Hon. Sir Henry Bouverie William Brand, G.C.B., of Glynde, Lewes, had 8,846 acres in Sussex (worth 8,121 guineas per annum).

FamilyEdit

Lord Hampden married Eliza (1818-8 March 1899, Pelham House, Lewes), daughter of General Robert Ellice by his wife Eliza Courtney, illegitimate daughter of Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey by Georgiana, Duchess of Devonshire, on 16 April 1838. They had five sons and five daughters:

  • Hon. Alice Brand (1840-20 March 1925) she married Sir Henry Thomas Farquhar, 4th Bt. on 8 July 1862. They had four children.
  • Henry Brand, 2nd Viscount Hampden (2 May 1841 – 22 November 1906) he married Victoria Van de Weyer on 21 January 1864. He remarried Susan Henrietta Cavendish on 14 April 1868. They had nine children.
  • Hon. Gertrude Brand (1844-21 December 1927) she married Colonel William Henry Campion on 2 September 1869. They have eight children.
  • Hon. Mabel Brand (1845-29 May 1924) she married Freeman Frederick Thomas on 18 June 1863. They had four children including Freeman Freeman-Thomas, 1st Marquess of Willingdon.
  • Rear-Admiral Hon. Thomas Seymour Brand (20 September 1847 – 12 November 1916) he married Annie Blanche Gaskell, daughter of Henry Lomax Gaskell, on 4 December 1879. They had two children.
  • Hon. Mary Cecilia Brand (18 January 1851 – 24 June 1886) she married Henry Parkman Sturgis on 2 October 1872. They had six children.
  • The Honorable Arthur Brand (1 May 1853 – 9 January 1917) he married Edith Ingram, daughter of Joseph Ingram, on 15 April 1886. They had one son.
  • Major Hon. Charles Brand (1 May 1855 – 25 August 1912) he married Alice Sturgis Van de Weyer on 15 August 1878. They had four children.
  • The Honorable Maud Brand (18 August 1856 – 8 January 1944)) she married David Augustus Bevan, son of Richard Lee Bevan, on 22 October 1885. They had four children.
  • Richard Brand (1857-1858)

Lord Hampden died on 14 March 1892, aged 77 and Lady Hampden died in March 1899.

 
Second son: Rear-Admiral Hon. Thomas Seymour Brand (1847-1916), of Glynde Place.
 
Fourth son : Hon. Charles Brand (1855-1912).[2]

ArmsEdit

Coat of arms of Henry Brand, 1st Viscount Hampden
Crest
Out of a Crown Vallary Or a Leopard's Head Argent semée of Escallops and gorged with a Collar Gemel Gules
Escutcheon
Azure two Swords in saltire points upwards Argent pommelled and hilted Or between three Escallops one in chief and two in fess Or
Supporters
Dexter: a Wolf Argent gorged with a radiated collar with Line reflexed over the back Or; Sinister: a Bull Gules armed unguled ducally gorged and line reflexed over the back Or
Motto
Pour bien desirer (Wishing well) [3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^   One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Hampden, Henry Bouverie William Brand, 1st Viscount". Encyclopædia Britannica. 12 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 900.
  2. ^ Detail of portrait from The Country Gentleman, Sporting Gazette and Agricultural Journal, October 1881. Lithograph published by Vincent Brooks, Day & Son, Ltd.
  3. ^ http://www.cracroftspeerage.co.uk/online/content/hampden1884.htm
 
Detail of Tissot's caricature of Mr. Speaker, in Vanity Fair, November 1872, No. 211, Statesman, No. 129.

External linksEdit