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Arthur Richards, 1st Baron Milverton

Arthur Frederick Richards, 1st Baron Milverton GCMG (21 February 1885 – 27 October 1978), was a British colonial administrator who over his career served as Governor of North Borneo, Gambia, Fiji, Jamaica, and Nigeria.

The Lord Milverton

Arthur Richards, 1st Baron Milverton.png
Governor of North Borneo
In office
1930–1933
MonarchGeorge V
Preceded bySir John Humphreys
Succeeded bySir Douglas Jardine
Governor of Gambia
In office
12 April 1933 – 22 October 1936
MonarchGeorge V
Edward VIII
Preceded bySir Herbert Palmer
Succeeded bySir Thomas Southorn
High Commissioner for the Western Pacific
In office
28 November 1936 – August 1938
MonarchEdward VIII
George VI
Preceded bySir Cecil Barton (acting)
Succeeded bySir Cecil Barton (acting)
Governor of Fiji
In office
28 November 1936 – August 1938
MonarchGeorge VI
Preceded bySir Cecil Barton (acting)
Succeeded bySir Cecil Barton (acting)
Governor of Jamaica
In office
19 August 1938 – July 1943
MonarchGeorge VI
Preceded byCharles Campbell Woolley (acting)
Succeeded byWilliam Henry Flinn (acting)
Governor of Nigeria
In office
1943 – 5 February 1948
MonarchGeorge VI
Preceded bySir Bernard Bourdillon
Succeeded bySir John Macpherson
Personal details
Born21 February 1885
Bedminster, Bristol, England
Died27 October 1978(1978-10-27) (aged 93)
Cox Green, Berkshire, England
Spouse(s)Noelle Bënda Whitehead (m. 1927–1978; his death)

Contents

Early life and educationEdit

Richards was born in Bristol in 1885, the son of William Richards. He was educated at Clifton College in Bristol, and graduated from Christ Church, Oxford, in 1907 with a BA.[1]

Colonial serviceEdit

Richards entered the Malayan Civil Service in 1908. By 1921, he had become the Acting 1st Assistant Colonial Secretary for the Straits Settlements. He served as Acting Under-Secretary of the Federated Malay States in 1926, and became full Under-Secretary from 1927 to 1929. He was the Acting General Advisor in Johore between 1929 and 1920, and from 1930 to 1933 he served as the Governor of Northern Borneo. Following this, he served as Governor of the Gambia from 1933 to 1936.[1]

He served as Governor of Fiji from 1936 to 1938 concurrently with High Commissioner of the Western Pacific. From 1938 to 1943, he served as Governor of Jamaica. From 1943 to 1948, he served as Governor of Nigeria.[1] He was known in the Colonial Service as 'Old Sinister'. He became the first Colonial Office official to be raised to the peerage while still in office. In 1986, his former private secretary in Nigeria, Richard Peel, published a memoir of Richards, titled Old Sinister: A Memoir of Sir Arthur Richards.[2]

HonoursEdit

He was made a CMG in 1933, elevated to KCMG in 1935, and again to GCMG in 1942. In 1947 he was raised to the peerage as Baron Milverton, of Lagos and of Clifton in the City of Bristol.[3] He was also appointed as K.St.J., and was awarded the US Medal of Freedom with Silver Palm.[1]

FamilyEdit

In 1927, Richards married Noelle Bënda Whitehead (18 December 1904 – 11 September 2010),[4] daughter of Charles Basil Whitehead. He died in October 1978, aged 93, and was succeeded in the Barony by his eldest son Fraser Arthur Richard Richards.[1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e "Arthur Frederick Richards, 1st Baron Milverton". The Peerage. Retrieved 11 July 2018.
  2. ^ "Old Sinister: A Memoir of Sir Arthur Richards". The British Empire. Retrieved 11 July 2018.
  3. ^ "No. 38093". The London Gazette. 10 October 1947. p. 4753.
  4. ^ "Lady Milverton". The Daily Telegraph. 24 September 2010. Retrieved 26 September 2010.
Government offices
Preceded by
John Lisseter Humphreys
Governor of North Borneo
1930–1933
Succeeded by
Douglas James Jardine
Preceded by
Herbert Richmond Palmer
Governor of The Gambia
1934–1936
Succeeded by
Thomas Southorn
Preceded by
Sir Arthur George Murchison Fletcher
High Commissioner for the Western Pacific
1936–1938
Succeeded by
Sir Harry Charles Luke
Governor of Fiji
1936–1938
Preceded by
Charles Campbell Woolley, acting
Governor of Jamaica
1938–1943
Succeeded by
William Henry Flinn, acting
Preceded by
Bernard Henry Bourdillon
Governor of Nigeria
1943–1948
Succeeded by
John Stuart Macpherson
Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
New creation
Baron Milverton Succeeded by
Fraser Arthur Richard Richards