John Stuart Macpherson
|1st Governor-General of Nigeria|
5 February 1948 – 15 June 1955
|Preceded by||Arthur Richards|
|Succeeded by||James Wilson Robertson|
|Born||25 August 1898|
|Died||5 November 1971 (aged 73)|
|Education||George Watson's College|
University of Edinburgh.
|Unit||Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders|
Born in Edinburgh, the son of a hotel manager, Macpherson was educated at George Watson's College and at the University of Edinburgh. In 1917, he was commissioned into the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders; he was wounded in action on the Western Front, and had to wear a steel corset for the rest of his life.
After World War I, Macpherson entered the Malayan Civil Service. Between 1933 and 1935 he was seconded to the Colonial Office. He was appointed Principal Assistant Secretary in Nigeria in 1937 and Chief Secretary of Palestine in 1939, serving there until 1943. In 1943 he was posted to Washington as Head of British Colonies Supply Mission and joint British Chairman of Anglo-American Caribbean Commission. Between 1945 and 1948 he was Comptroller for Development and Welfare in the West Indies and British co-Chairman of the Caribbean Commission.
In 1948, Macpherson was appointed Governor of Nigeria (Governor-General from 1954), serving in that post until his retirement in 1955; he was succeeded by James Wilson Robertson. As Governor, Macpherson was responsible for the introduction of the 1951 Constitution (unofficially known as the Macpherson Constitution), which provided for "semi-responsible government". He also accelerated the Africanization of the Nigerian public service.
After his governorship, Macpherson served as the Chairman of the United Nations Visiting Mission to Trust Territories of the Pacific in 1956. The same year, he was appointed Permanent Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies, serving until 1959.
- Kirk-Greene, A. H. M. "Macpherson, Sir John Stuart (1898–1971)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/37726. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- Sklar, Robert L. (1963). Nigerian Political Parties: Power in an Emergent African Nation. Princeton: Princeton University Press. p. 118.