John Stuart Macpherson

Sir John Stuart Macpherson, GCMG (25 August 1898 – 5 November 1971) was a British colonial administrator who served as the Governor-General of Nigeria from 1948 to 1955.

John Stuart Macpherson
Oba Akenzua II with Earl of Plymouth and Sir John Macpherson, Governor-General of Nigeria.jpg
John Stuart Macpherson to the left, Akenzua II in the middle, Ivor Windsor-Clive, 2nd Earl of Plymouth to the right. Benin city, Nigeria, 1935
1st Governor-General of Nigeria
In office
5 February 1948 – 15 June 1955
Preceded byArthur Richards
Succeeded byJames Wilson Robertson
Personal details
Born(1898-08-25)25 August 1898
Edinburgh, Scotland
Died5 November 1971(1971-11-05) (aged 73)
United Kingdom
EducationGeorge Watson's College
University of Edinburgh.
OccupationCivil servant
Military service
Branch/service British Army
UnitArgyll and Sutherland Highlanders

Early lifeEdit

Born in Edinburgh, the son of a hotel manager, Macpherson was educated at George Watson's College and at the University of Edinburgh.[1] In 1917, he was commissioned into the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders; he was wounded in action on the Western Front, and had to wear a steel corset for the rest of his life.[1]

CareerEdit

After World War I, Macpherson entered the Malayan Civil Service. Between 1933 and 1935 he was seconded to the Colonial Office. He was appointed Principal Assistant Secretary in Nigeria in 1937 and Chief Secretary of Palestine in 1939, serving there until 1943.[1] In 1943 he was posted to Washington as Head of British Colonies Supply Mission and joint British Chairman of Anglo-American Caribbean Commission. Between 1945 and 1948 he was Comptroller for Development and Welfare in the West Indies and British co-Chairman of the Caribbean Commission.[1]

In 1948, Macpherson was appointed Governor of Nigeria (Governor-General from 1954), serving in that post until his retirement in 1955; he was succeeded by James Wilson Robertson. As Governor, Macpherson was responsible for the introduction of the 1951 Constitution (unofficially known as the Macpherson Constitution), which provided for "semi-responsible government".[2] He also accelerated the Africanization of the Nigerian public service.[1]

After his governorship, Macpherson served as the Chairman of the United Nations Visiting Mission to Trust Territories of the Pacific in 1956. The same year, he was appointed Permanent Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies, serving until 1959.[1]

HonoursEdit

Macpherson was appointed CMG in 1941, promoted to KCMG in 1945 and GCMG in 1951.[1] On 2 July 1947 he was made an Officer of the Czechoslovak Order of the White Lion.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Kirk-Greene, A. H. M. "Macpherson, Sir John Stuart (1898–1971)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/37726. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  2. ^ Sklar, Robert L. (1963). Nigerian Political Parties: Power in an Emergent African Nation. Princeton: Princeton University Press. p. 118.

External linksEdit

Government offices
Preceded by Governor-General of Nigeria
1948–1955
Succeeded by
Preceded by Permanent Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies
1956–1959
Succeeded by