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Arthur Nicolson, 1st Baron Carnock

Arthur Nicolson, 1st Baron Carnock, GCB GCMG GCVO KCIE PC (19 September 1849 – 5 November 1928), known as Sir Arthur Nicolson, 11th Baronet, from 1899 to 1916, was a British diplomat and politician during the last quarter of the 19th century to the middle of World War I.

The Lord Carnock

Nicolson Arthur.jpg
Arthur Nicolson, 1st Baron Carnock
British Ambassador to Russia
In office
Preceded bySir Charles Hardinge
Succeeded bySir George Buchanan
British Ambassador to Spain
In office
Preceded byEdwin Henry Egerton
Succeeded byMaurice William Ernest de Bunsen
Personal details
Born(1849-09-19)19 September 1849
Died5 November 1928(1928-11-05) (aged 79)
Mary Katherine Hamilton (m. 1882)
ChildrenFrederick Nicolson
Erskine Nicolson
Harold Nicolson
Clementina Nicolson
Alma materBrasenose College, Oxford

Early lifeEdit

He was the eldest son of Admiral Sir Frederick Nicolson, 10th Baronet by his wife Mary Loch. Educated at Rugby and Brasenose College, Oxford, where he left without taking a degree, he succeeded his father as Baronet in 1899.[1]


Sir A. Nicolson, British Ambassador to Russia

From 1870 to 1874, he worked in the Foreign Office, during which time he was author of the History of the German Constitution (1873).

From 1872 to 1874, he was secretary to Granville Leveson-Gower, 2nd Earl Granville, followed by secretary of the Embassy at Berlin (from 1874–1876) and secretary of the Embassy at Peking (1876–1878).

From 1879 to 1881, he was Secretary to Ambassador at Embassy at Constantinople. He was promoted to Chargé d'affaires in Athens, where he served from 1884 to 1885 before becoming Chargé in Teheran from 1885 to 1888.

Beginning in 1888, and contenting until 1893, he was Consul-General in Budapest. He was the stationed with the Embassy in Constantinople in 1894 before becoming the British Minister at Tangiers from 1895 to 1904.

In 1904, he was appointed the British Ambassador to Spain in Madrid, serving until 1905. From 1906 to 1910, he was the British Ambassador to Russia in Saint Petersburg, followed by the Permanent Under Secretary for Foreign Affairs from 1910 to 1916.

In 1916, he was raised to the peerage as Baron Carnock, of Carnock in the County of Stirling.

Personal lifeEdit

In 1882, Nicolson was married to Mary Katherine Hamilton, daughter of Capt. Archibald Rowan Hamilton, of Killyleagh Castle, Co. Down, and a descendant of Archibald Hamilton Rowan.[1] Together, they had three sons and a daughter:[2]


Through his second son, he was a grandfather of one girl and two boys,[4][5] including David Nicolson, 4th Baron Carnock.[5] Through his third son Harold, he was a grandfather of Benedict Nicolson, an art historian, and Nigel Nicolson, a politician and writer.[2]

Through his daughter, he was a grandfather of John St Aubyn, 4th Baron St Levan and the Hon. Oliver Piers St Aubyn (father of the 5th Baron St Levan).[2]



  1. ^ a b c CARNOCK, Who Was Who, A & C Black, 1920–2008; online edn, Oxford University Press, Dec 2007
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Carnock, Baron (UK, 1916)". Heraldic Media Limited. Retrieved 29 September 2019.
  3. ^
  4. ^ Dod (1982), p. 47
  5. ^ a b Burke (2001), p. 1108
  6. ^ "No. 27329". The London Gazette. 2 July 1901. p. 4399.
  7. ^ "Court and Social". The Times (36493). London. 28 June 1901. p. 10.

Further readingEdit

  • Harold Nicolson. Sir Arthur Nicolson: First Lord Carnock. A Study In The Old Diplomacy (1930) online

External linksEdit