Gilbert Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound, 1st Earl of Minto
Gilbert Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound, 1st Earl of Minto, PC, FRSE (23 April 1751 – 21 June 1814), known as Sir Gilbert Elliott until 1797, was a Scottish diplomat and politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1776 and 1795. He was viceroy of the short-lived Anglo-Corsican Kingdom from 1793 to 1796 and went on to become Governor-General of India between 1807 and 1813.
The Earl of Minto
|Governor-General of the Presidency of Fort William|
31 July 1807 – 4 October 1813
|Preceded by||Sir George Barlow|
|Succeeded by||The Earl of Moira|
|President of the Board of Control|
|Preceded by||Viscount Castlereagh|
|Succeeded by||Thomas Grenville|
|Viceroy of the Anglo-Corsican Kingdom|
|Preceded by||New Office|
|Succeeded by||British Withdrawal|
23 April 1751
|Died||21 June 1814 (aged 63)|
Anna Maria Amyand
Background and educationEdit
Minto was born in Edinburgh, the eldest son of Sir Gilbert Elliot, 3rd Baronet, and Agnes, daughter of Hugh Dalrymple-Murray-Kynynmound. He was the nephew of John Elliott, Governor of Newfoundland, Andrew Elliot the 41st Colonial Governor of New York, and of Jean Elliot the poet.
Hugh Elliot was his younger brother and Sir Charles Elliot his nephew. About 1763 Elliot and his brother Hugh were sent to Paris, where their studies were supervised by the Scottish philosopher David Hume, and where they became intimate with Honoré Mirabeau. Having passed the winters of 1766 and 1767 at the University of Edinburgh, Minto entered Christ Church, Oxford, and on quitting the university he was called to the Bar.
In 1776 Minto entered Parliament as an independent Whig MP for Morpeth. He became very friendly with Edmund Burke, whom he helped in the attack on Warren Hastings and Sir Elijah Impey, and was twice an unsuccessful candidate for the office of Speaker, in the elections of January 1789 and June 1789.
In 1793 he was appointed Civil Commissioner for Dunkirk which was then under Siege of Dunkirk (1793) by Coalition forces. However, the siege proved unsuccessful and the appointment perforce remained only on paper. Later he was given a similar appointment for Toulon, which proved similarly abortive .
He was sworn of the Privy Council in 1793 and in 1794 he was appointed as viceroy of the short-lived Anglo-Corsican Kingdom. In 1797 he assumed the additional names of Murray-Kynynmound and was created Baron Minto, of Minto in the County of Roxburgh. From 1799 to 1801 he was Envoy-Extraordinary to Austria, and having been for a few months President of the Board of Control he was appointed Governor-General of India at the end of 1806. The district of Minto in New South Wales, Australia, (now a suburb of Sydney) was named after him in 1809. In 1810 he successfully requested the release of the British navigator, Matthew Flinders, from his six-year imprisonment on Isle of France (Mauritius). He governed until 1813, during which he expanded the British presence in the area to the Moluccas, Java, and other Dutch possessions in the East Indies during the Napoleonic Wars. He was then created Viscount Melgund, of Melgund in the County of Forfar, and Earl of Minto, of Minto in the County of Roxburgh.
Lord Minto died at Stevenage, Hertfordshire, on 21 June 1814, aged 63, and was buried in Westminster Abbey. He had married Anna Maria Amyand, daughter of Sir George Amyand, 1st Baronet, in 1777. He was succeeded in his titles by his eldest son, Gilbert. Lady Minto died in March 1829.
Their children were:
- Anna Maria (d. 18 Oct. 1855) married Lt.-Gen. Sir Rufane Shawe Donkin. No issue.
- Harry Mary Frances (d. July 1825). Died young.
- Gilbert, 2nd Earl Minto
- Admiral the Hon. Sir George Elliot
- Hon. John Elliot was a politician.
- Catherine Sarah (circa 1798-25 June 1862), who married John Boileau, 1st Baronet. Had issue.
This article includes a list of general references, but it remains largely unverified because it lacks sufficient corresponding inline citations. (August 2019) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
- Thorne, R.G., "Elliot Murray Kynynmound, Sir Gilbert, 4th Bt. (1751-1814), of Minto, Roxburgh.", The History of Parliament
- Chisholm 1911, p. 563.
- Mount, Ferdinand (2015). The Tears of the Rajas: Mutiny, Money and Marriage in India 1805-1905. Simon & Schuster. p. 108.
- "Gilbert and Hugh Elliot". Westminster Abbey. Retrieved 15 July 2014.
- Das, Amita; Das, Aditya. Defending British India against Napoleon: The Foreign Policy of Governor-General Lord Minto, 1807-13 ( Rochester: Boydell Press, 2016) ISBN 978-1-78327-129-0. online review
- Harrington, Jack (2010), Sir John Malcolm and the Creation of British India, Chs. 1–3, New York: Palgrave Macmillan., ISBN 978-0-230-10885-1
|Wikisource has the text of the 1885–1900 Dictionary of National Biography's article about Elliot, Gilbert (1751-1814).|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Gilbert Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound, 1st Earl of Minto.|
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by the Earl of Minto