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List of marquesses in the peerages of Britain and Ireland

This is a list of the 34 present and extant Marquesses in the Peerages of the Kingdom of England, Kingdom of Scotland, Kingdom of Great Britain, Kingdom of Ireland, and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland which became the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland in 1922. Note that it does not mention any Marquessates held as a subsidiary title of a Duke. For a more complete listing, which adds these "hidden" Marquessates as well as extant, extinct, dormant, abeyant, and forfeit ones, see List of Marquessates.

Peerages and baronetcies of Britain and Ireland
Extant All
Dukes Dukedoms
Marquesses Marquessates
Earls Earldoms
Viscounts Viscountcies
Barons Baronies
Baronets Baronetcies

They were a relatively late introduction to the British peerage, and on the evening of the Coronation of Queen Victoria in 1838, the Prime Minister Lord Melbourne explained to her why (from her journals):

"I spoke to Ld M. about the numbers of Peers present at the Coronation, & he said it was quite unprecedented. I observed that there were very few Viscounts, to which he replied "There are very few Viscounts," that they were an old sort of title & not really English; that they came from Vice-Comites; that Dukes & Barons were the only real English titles; — that Marquises were likewise not English, & that people were mere made Marquises, when it was not wished that they should be made Dukes".[1]

Contents

Order of precedenceEdit

Marquesses in the peerages of Britain and IrelandEdit

Number Title Date of creation Arms Current holder Peerage Notes
1. The Marquess of Winchester 1551   Nigel Paulet, 18th Marquess of Winchester England
2. The Marquess of Huntly 1599   Granville Gordon, 13th Marquess of Huntly Scotland
3. The Marquess of Queensberry 1682   David Douglas, 12th Marquess of Queensberry Scotland
4. The Marquess of Tweeddale 1694   David Hay, 14th Marquess of Tweeddale Scotland
5. The Marquess of Lothian 1701   Michael Kerr, 13th Marquess of Lothian (known as Michael Ancram) Scotland
6. The Marquess of Lansdowne 1784   Charles Petty-Fitzmaurice, 9th Marquess of Lansdowne Great Britain
7. The Marquess Townshend 1787   Charles Townshend, 8th Marquess Townshend Great Britain
8. The Marquess of Salisbury 1789   Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 7th Marquess of Salisbury Great Britain
9. The Marquess of Bath 1789   Alexander Thynn, 7th Marquess of Bath Great Britain
10. The Marquess of Hertford 1793   Henry Seymour, 9th Marquess of Hertford Great Britain
11. The Marquess of Bute 1796   John Crichton-Stuart, 7th Marquess of Bute Great Britain
12. The Marquess of Waterford 1789   Henry Beresford, 9th Marquess of Waterford Ireland
13. The Marquess of Downshire 1789   Nicholas Hill, 9th Marquess of Downshire Ireland
14. The Marquess of Donegall 1791   Patrick Chichester, 8th Marquess of Donegall Ireland
15. The Marquess of Headfort 1800   Thomas Taylour, 7th Marquess of Headfort Ireland
16. The Marquess of Sligo 1800   Sebastian Browne, 12th Marquess of Sligo Ireland
17. The Marquess of Ely 1800   John Tottenham, 9th Marquess of Ely Ireland
18. The Marquess of Exeter 1801   Michael Cecil, 8th Marquess of Exeter United Kingdom
19. The Marquess of Northampton 1812   Spencer Compton, 7th Marquess of Northampton United Kingdom
20. The Marquess Camden 1812   David Pratt, 6th Marquess Camden United Kingdom
21. The Marquess of Anglesey 1815   Charles Paget, 8th Marquess of Anglesey United Kingdom
22. The Marquess of Cholmondeley 1815   David Cholmondeley, 7th Marquess of Cholmondeley United Kingdom Holds higher rank as Lord Great Chamberlain
23. The Marquess of Londonderry 1816 [Notes 1]   Frederick Aubrey Vane-Tempest-Stewart, 10th Marquess of Londonderry Ireland
24. The Marquess Conyngham 1816 [Notes 2]   Henry Conyngham, 8th Marquess Conyngham Ireland
25. The Marquess of Ailesbury 1821   Michael Brudenell-Bruce, 8th Marquess of Ailesbury United Kingdom
26. The Marquess of Bristol 1826   Frederick Hervey, 8th Marquess of Bristol United Kingdom
27. The Marquess of Ailsa 1831   David Kennedy, 9th Marquess of Ailsa United Kingdom
28. The Marquess of Normanby 1838   Constantine Phipps, 5th Marquess of Normanby United Kingdom
29. The Marquess of Abergavenny 1876   Christopher Nevill, 6th Marquess of Abergavenny United Kingdom
30. The Marquess of Zetland 1892   Mark Dundas, 4th Marquess of Zetland United Kingdom
31. The Marquess of Linlithgow 1902   Adrian Hope, 4th Marquess of Linlithgow United Kingdom
32. The Marquess of Aberdeen and Temair 1916   Alexander Gordon, 7th Marquess of Aberdeen and Temair United Kingdom
33. The Marquess of Milford Haven 1917   George Mountbatten, 4th Marquess of Milford Haven United Kingdom
34. The Marquess of Reading 1926   Simon Isaacs, 4th Marquess of Reading United Kingdom

List of heirs of Marquesses in the Peerages of the British IslesEdit

Heirs apparentEdit

  1. Christopher Paulet, Earl of Wiltshire, eldest son of the Marquess of Winchester
  2. Alastair Gordon, Earl of Aboyne, eldest son of the Marquess of Huntly
  3. Sholto Douglas, Viscount Drumlanrig, eldest son of the Marquess of Queensberry
  4. Simon Petty-Maurice, Earl of Kerry, eldest son of the Marquess of Lansdowne
  5. Thomas Townshend, Viscount Raynham, eldest son of the Marquess Townshend
  6. Ceawlin Thynn, Viscount Weymouth, eldest son of the Marquess of Bath
  7. William Seymour, Earl of Yarmouth, eldest son of the Marquess of Hertford
  8. John Crichton-Stuart, Earl of Dumfries, eldest son of the Marquess of Bute
  9. Richard de la Poer Beresford, Earl of Tyrone, eldest son of the Marquess of Waterford
  10. Edmund Hill, Earl of Hillsborough, eldest son of the Marquess of Downshire
  11. James Chichester, Earl of Belfast, eldest son of the Marquess of Donegall
  12. Thomas Taylour, Earl of Bective, eldest son of the Marquess of Headfort
  13. Christopher Browne, Earl of Altamont, eldest son of the Marquess of Sligo
  14. Anthony Cecil, Lord Burghley, eldest son of the Marquess of Exeter
  15. Daniel Compton, Earl Compton, eldest son of the Marquess of Northampton
  16. James Pratt, Earl of Brecknock, eldest son of the Marquess Camden
  17. Benedict Paget, Earl of Uxbridge, eldest son of the Marquess of Anglesey
  18. Alexander Cholmondeley, Earl of Rocksavage, eldest son of the Marquess of Cholmondeley
  19. Alexander Conyngham, Earl of Mount Charles, eldest son of the Marquess Conyngham
  20. David Brudenell-Bruce, Earl of Cardigan, eldest son of the Marquess of Ailesbury
  21. Archibald Kennedy, Earl of Cassilis, eldest son of the Marquess of Ailsa
  22. John Phipps, Earl of Mulgrave, eldest son of the Marquess of Normanby
  23. Robin Dundas, Earl of Ronaldshay, eldest son of the Marquess of Zetland
  24. Andrew Hope, Earl of Hopetoun, eldest son of the Marquess of Linlithgow
  25. George Gordon, Earl of Haddo, eldest son of the Marquess of Aberdeen and Temair
  26. Henry Mountbatten, Earl of Medina, eldest son of the Marquess of Milford Haven
  27. Julian Isaacs, Viscount Erleigh, eldest son of the Marquess of Reading

Heirs presumptiveEdit

  1. Lord Anthony Hay is brother and heir-presumptive of the Marquess of Tweeddale
  2. Lord Ralph Kerr is brother and heir presumptive of the Marquess of Lothian
  3. Lord Timothy Tottenham is brother and heir-presumptive of the Marquess of Ely
  4. Lord Reginald Vane-Tempest-Stuart is brother and heir-presumptive of the Marquess of Londonderry
  5. Timothy Hervey is kinsman and heir-presumptive of the Marquess of Bristol

Marquesses without heirsEdit

  1. The Marquess of Abergavenny is without an heir.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Queen Victoria's Journals, Thursday 28th June 1838, Buckingham Palace, Princess Beatrice's copies, Volume:4 (1st June 1838-1st October 1838) p. 84, online, accessed May 25, 2013
  1. ^ The Marquess of Londonderry was created after the Acts of Union 1800. It takes precedence after earlier Marquessates of the United Kingdom.
  2. ^ The Marquess of Conyngham was created after the Acts of Union 1800. It takes precedence after earlier Marquessates of the United Kingdom.