List of marquesses in the peerages of Britain and Ireland

This is a list of the 34 present and extant marquesses in the peerages of the Kingdom of England, Kingdom of Scotland, Kingdom of Great Britain, Kingdom of Ireland, and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland which became the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland in 1922. Note that it does not mention any Marquessates held as a subsidiary title of a Duke. For a more complete listing, which adds these "hidden" Marquessates as well as extant, extinct, dormant, abeyant, and forfeit ones, see List of Marquessates.

Peerages and baronetcies of Britain and Ireland
Extant All
Dukes Dukedoms
Marquesses Marquessates
Earls Earldoms
Viscounts Viscountcies
Barons Baronies
Baronets Baronetcies

They were a relatively late introduction to the British peerage, and on the evening of the Coronation of Queen Victoria in 1838, the Prime Minister Lord Melbourne explained to her why (from her journals):

"I spoke to Ld M. about the numbers of Peers present at the Coronation, & he said it was quite unprecedented. I observed that there were very few Viscounts, to which he replied "There are very few Viscounts," that they were an odd sort of title & not really English; that they came from Vice-Comites; that Dukes & Barons were the only real English titles; — that Marquises were likewise not English, & that people were mere made Marquises, when it was not wished that they should be made Dukes".[1]

Order of precedenceEdit

 
Heraldic representation of the Coronet of a British Marquess.

The general order of precedence among Marquesses is:

  1. Marquesses in the Peerage of England
  2. Marquesses in the Peerage of Scotland
  3. Marquesses in the Peerage of Great Britain
  4. Marquesses in the Peerage of Ireland created before 1801
  5. Marquesses in the Peerage of the United Kingdom and Marquesses in the Peerage of Ireland created after 1801

Marquesses in the peerages of Britain and IrelandEdit

Order Title Date of creation Arms Current holder Peerage Notes
1. The Marquess of Winchester 1551   Nigel Paulet, 18th Marquess of Winchester England  
2. The Marquess of Huntly 1599   Granville Gordon, 13th Marquess of Huntly Scotland  
3. The Marquess of Queensberry 1682   David Douglas, 12th Marquess of Queensberry Scotland  
4. The Marquess of Tweeddale 1694   David Hay, 14th Marquess of Tweeddale Scotland  
5. The Marquess of Lothian 1701   Michael Kerr, 13th Marquess of Lothian (known as Michael Ancram) Scotland Current Marquess has the life peerage Baron Kerr of Monteviot, of Monteviot in Roxburghshire (UK, 2010).[2]
6. The Marquess of Lansdowne 1784   Charles Petty-Fitzmaurice, 9th Marquess of Lansdowne Great Britain  
7. The Marquess Townshend 1787   Charles Townshend, 8th Marquess Townshend Great Britain  
8. The Marquess of Salisbury 1789   Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 7th Marquess of Salisbury Great Britain Current Marquess has the life peerage Baron Gascoyne-Cecil, of Essendon in the County of Rutland (UK, 1999).[3]
9. The Marquess of Bath 1789   Ceawlin Thynn, 8th Marquess of Bath Great Britain  
10. The Marquess of Hertford 1793   Henry Seymour, 9th Marquess of Hertford Great Britain  
11. The Marquess of Bute 1796   John Bryson Crichton-Stuart, 8th Marquess of Bute Great Britain  
12. The Marquess of Waterford 1789   Henry Beresford, 9th Marquess of Waterford Ireland  
13. The Marquess of Downshire 1789   Nicholas Hill, 9th Marquess of Downshire Ireland  
14. The Marquess of Donegall 1791   Patrick Chichester, 8th Marquess of Donegall Ireland  
15. The Marquess of Headfort 1800   Christopher Taylour, 7th Marquess of Headfort Ireland  
16. The Marquess of Sligo 1800   Sebastian Browne, 12th Marquess of Sligo Ireland  
17. The Marquess of Ely 1800   John Tottenham, 9th Marquess of Ely Ireland  
18. The Marquess of Exeter 1801   Michael Cecil, 8th Marquess of Exeter United Kingdom  
19. The Marquess of Northampton 1812   Spencer Compton, 7th Marquess of Northampton United Kingdom  
20. The Marquess Camden 1812   David Pratt, 6th Marquess Camden United Kingdom  
21. The Marquess of Anglesey 1815   Charles Paget, 8th Marquess of Anglesey United Kingdom  
22. The Marquess of Cholmondeley 1815   David Cholmondeley, 7th Marquess of Cholmondeley United Kingdom Holds higher rank as Lord Great Chamberlain
23. The Marquess of Londonderry 1816 [Notes 1]   Frederick Aubrey Vane-Tempest-Stewart, 10th Marquess of Londonderry Ireland  
24. The Marquess Conyngham 1816 [Notes 2]   Henry Conyngham, 8th Marquess Conyngham Ireland  
25. The Marquess of Ailesbury 1821   Michael Brudenell-Bruce, 8th Marquess of Ailesbury United Kingdom  
26. The Marquess of Bristol 1826   Frederick Hervey, 8th Marquess of Bristol United Kingdom  
27. The Marquess of Ailsa 1831   David Kennedy, 9th Marquess of Ailsa United Kingdom  
28. The Marquess of Normanby 1838   Constantine Phipps, 5th Marquess of Normanby United Kingdom  
29. The Marquess of Abergavenny 1876   Christopher Nevill, 6th Marquess of Abergavenny United Kingdom  
30. The Marquess of Zetland 1892   Mark Dundas, 4th Marquess of Zetland United Kingdom  
31. The Marquess of Linlithgow 1902   Adrian Hope, 4th Marquess of Linlithgow United Kingdom  
32. The Marquess of Aberdeen and Temair 1916   George Gordon, 8th Marquess of Aberdeen and Temair United Kingdom  
33. The Marquess of Milford Haven 1917   George Mountbatten, 4th Marquess of Milford Haven United Kingdom  
34. The Marquess of Reading 1926   Simon Isaacs, 4th Marquess of Reading United Kingdom  

List of heirs of Marquesses in the Peerages of the British IslesEdit

Heirs apparentEdit

  1. Christopher Paulet, Earl of Wiltshire, eldest son of the Marquess of Winchester
  2. Alastair Gordon, Earl of Aboyne, only son of the Marquess of Huntly
  3. Sholto Douglas, Viscount Drumlanrig, eldest legitimate son of the Marquess of Queensberry
  4. Simon Petty-FitzMaurice, Earl of Kerry, elder son of the Marquess of Lansdowne
  5. Thomas Townshend, Viscount Raynham, only son of the Marquess Townshend
  6. John Thynn, Viscount Weymouth, elder son of the Marquess of Bath
  7. William Seymour, Earl of Yarmouth, elder son of the Marquess of Hertford
  8. Richard de la Poer Beresford, Earl of Tyrone, elder son of the Marquess of Waterford
  9. Edmund Hill, Earl of Hillsborough, only son of the Marquess of Downshire
  10. James Chichester, Earl of Belfast, only son of the Marquess of Donegall
  11. Thomas Taylour, Earl of Bective, elder son of the Marquess of Headfort
  12. Christopher Browne, Earl of Altamont, only son of the Marquess of Sligo
  13. Anthony Cecil, Lord Burghley, only son of the Marquess of Exeter
  14. Daniel Compton, Earl Compton, only son of the Marquess of Northampton
  15. James Pratt, Earl of Brecknock, elder son of the Marquess Camden
  16. Benedict Paget, Earl of Uxbridge, only son of the Marquess of Anglesey
  17. Alexander Cholmondeley, Earl of Rocksavage, elder son of the Marquess of Cholmondeley
  18. Alexander Conyngham, Earl of Mount Charles, elder son of the Marquess Conyngham
  19. David Brudenell-Bruce, Earl of Cardigan, only son of the Marquess of Ailesbury
  20. Archibald Kennedy, Earl of Cassilis, only son of the Marquess of Ailsa
  21. John Phipps, Earl of Mulgrave, elder son of the Marquess of Normanby
  22. Robin Dundas, Earl of Ronaldshay, elder son of the Marquess of Zetland
  23. Andrew Hope, Earl of Hopetoun, eldest son of the Marquess of Linlithgow
  24. Ivo Gordon, Earl of Haddo, eldest son of the Marquess of Aberdeen and Temair
  25. Henry Mountbatten, Earl of Medina, only son of the Marquess of Milford Haven
  26. Julian Isaacs, Viscount Erleigh, only son of the Marquess of Reading

Heirs presumptiveEdit

  1. Lord Anthony Hay is brother and heir-presumptive of the Marquess of Tweeddale
  2. Lord Ralph Kerr is brother and heir presumptive of the Marquess of Lothian
  3. Lord Anthony Crichton-Stuart, is uncle and heir-presumptive of the Marquess of Bute
  4. Lord Timothy Tottenham is brother and heir-presumptive of the Marquess of Ely
  5. Lord Reginald Vane-Tempest-Stuart is brother and heir-presumptive of the Marquess of Londonderry
  6. Timothy Hervey is fourth cousin and heir-presumptive of the Marquess of Bristol[4]

Marquesses without heirsEdit

  1. The Marquess of Abergavenny is without an heir. His cousin David Michael Ralph Nevill is heir to his Earldom of Abergavenny.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Queen Victoria's Journals, Thursday 28th June 1838, Buckingham Palace, Princess Beatrice's copies, Volume:4 (1st June 1838-1st October 1838) p. 84, online, accessed May 25, 2013
  2. ^ "No. 59614". The London Gazette. 25 November 2010. p. 22705.
  3. ^ "No. 55676". The London Gazette. 23 November 1999. p. 12466.
  4. ^ Bortrick, William. "Featured Families: Bristol". Burke's Peerage. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  1. ^ The Marquess of Londonderry was created after the Acts of Union 1800. It takes precedence after earlier Marquessates of the United Kingdom.
  2. ^ The Marquess of Conyngham was created after the Acts of Union 1800. It takes precedence after earlier Marquessates of the United Kingdom.