Thomas Fremantle, 1st Baron Cottesloe

Thomas Francis Fremantle, 1st Baron Cottesloe, 2nd Baron Fremantle, PC PC (Ire) JP (11 March 1798 – 3 December 1890), known as Sir Thomas Fremantle, Bt, between 1821 and 1874, was a British Tory politician.

The Lord Cottesloe
Lord Cottesloe, by Leslie Ward, 1876.
Chief Secretary for Ireland
In office
1 February 1845 – 14 February 1846
Prime MinisterSir Robert Peel, Bt
Preceded byLord Eliot
Succeeded byEarl of Lincoln
Personal details
Born11 March 1798 (1798-03-11)
Died3 December 1890 (1890-12-04) (aged 92)
Political partyTory
SpouseLouisa Nugent (d. 1875)
Alma materOriel College, Oxford

Early life edit

Cottesloe was the eldest son of Admiral Sir Thomas Fremantle and Betsey, daughter of Richard Wynne. He was the elder brother of Admiral Sir Charles Fremantle after whom the city of Fremantle in Western Australia is named, and of William Robert Fremantle (c. 1808-1895), Dean of Ripon, whose son, William Henry Fremantle filled the same clerical role. He was educated at Oriel College, Oxford. The family seat was Swanbourne, Buckinghamshire. On 14 August 1821 he was created a Baronet, of Swanbourne in the County of Buckingham, in recognition of his father's services to the country and with remainder to the heirs male of his father.[1]

Political career edit

Fremantle was returned to Parliament for Buckingham in 1826 (succeeding his uncle, William Henry Fremantle), a seat he held until 1846. He served under Sir Robert Peel as Financial Secretary to the Treasury between 1834 and 1835, as Parliamentary Secretary to the Treasury between 1841 and 1844, as Secretary at War between 1844 and 1845 and as Chief Secretary for Ireland between 1845 and 1846. He was sworn of the British Privy Council in 1844 and of the Irish Privy Council in 1845. Fremantle left the House of Commons in 1846 and was afterwards Deputy Chairman of the Board of Customs between 1846 and 1847 and Chairman between 1847 and 1874. He was also as a Justice of the Peace. On 2 March 1874 he was raised to the peerage as Baron Cottesloe, of Swanbourne and Hardwick in the County of Buckingham, in recognition of his services.[2]

Family edit

Fremantle proposed to Louisa Elizabeth Nugent, on 30 June 1824, but was initially refused by her father, Sir George Nugent unless his parents contributed more. Her mother was the American born diarist Maria Nugent. They were married on 24 November 1824.[3] Louisa's mother Maria Skinner was a descendant of the Schuyler family and the Van Cortlandt family of British North America.

They had five sons and six daughters. Their fourth son Sir Edmund Robert Fremantle (1836–1929) was an Admiral in the Royal Navy. Lady Cottesloe died in August 1875. Lord Cottesloe survived her by fifteen years and died in December 1890, aged 92. He was succeeded in his titles by his eldest son, Thomas.

References edit

  • Lee, Sidney, ed. (1901). "Fremantle, Thomas Francis (1798-1890)" . Dictionary of National Biography (1st supplement). Vol. 2. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
  1. ^ "No. 17730". The London Gazette. 28 July 1821. p. 1555.
  2. ^ "No. 24071". The London Gazette. 3 March 1874. p. 1453.
  3. ^ Seccombe, Thomas (23 September 2004). "Fremantle, Thomas Francis, first Baron Cottesloe, and Baron Fremantle in the nobility of the Austrian empire (1798–1890), politician and civil servant". In Matthew, H. C. G. (ed.). Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/10160. ISBN 978-0-19-861412-8. Retrieved 1 August 2023. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)

External links edit

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by Member of Parliament for Buckingham
With: Sir George Nugent, Bt 1827–1832,
Sir Harry Verney, Bt 1832–1841
Sir John Chetwode, 4th Bt. 1841–1846
John Hall 1846
Succeeded by
Political offices
Preceded by Financial Secretary to the Treasury
Succeeded by
Preceded by Parliamentary Secretary to the Treasury
Succeeded by
Preceded by Secretary at War
Succeeded by
Preceded by Chief Secretary for Ireland
Succeeded by
Titles of nobility
of the Austrian Empire
Preceded by Baron Fremantle
Succeeded by
Baronetage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baronet
(of Swanbourne)
Succeeded by
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baron Cottesloe
Succeeded by