Open main menu

Francis Baring, 1st Baron Northbrook

Francis Thornhill Baring, 1st Baron Northbrook, PC (20 April 1796 – 6 September 1866), known as Sir Francis Baring, 3rd Baronet, from 1848 to 1866, was a British Whig politician who served in the governments of Lord Melbourne and Lord John Russell.

The Lord Northbrook

Francis Baring, 1st Baron Northbrook by Sir George Hayter.jpg
Chancellor of the Exchequer
In office
26 August 1839 – 30 August 1841
Prime MinisterThe Viscount Melbourne
Preceded byThomas Spring Rice
Succeeded byHenry Goulburn
First Lord of the Admiralty
In office
1849 – 28 February 1852
Preceded byThe Earl of Auckland
Succeeded byThe Duke of Northumberland
Financial Secretary to the Treasury
In office
6 June 1834 – 14 November 1834
Preceded byThomas Spring Rice
Succeeded byVacant
In office
21 April 1835 – 26 August 1839
Preceded bySir Thomas Fremantle
Succeeded byRobert Gordon
Personal details
Born(1796-04-20)20 April 1796
Calcutta, India
Died6 September 1866(1866-09-06) (aged 70)
Micheldever, Hampshire
Political partyWhig (to 1859)
Liberal (to 1866)
Jane Grey
(m. 1825; her death 1838)

Lady Arabella Howard
(m. 1841; his death 1866)
Alma materChrist Church, Oxford

Early lifeEdit

A member of the famous Baring banking family, he was the eldest son of Sir Thomas Baring, 2nd Baronet, and his wife Mary Ursula, eldest daughter of Charles Sealy.

Baring was educated at Winchester College and then Eton College. He obtained a double first class from Christ Church, Oxford in 1817 and graduated with a Master of Arts four years later.[1] In 1823, he was called to the Bar at Lincoln's Inn and in 1848, he succeeded his father as baronet.[1]

Political careerEdit

Baring entered the British House of Commons in 1826, sitting as a Member of Parliament for Portsmouth until his retirement in 1865. A year later, he was raised to the Peerage of the United Kingdom as Baron Northbrook. Baring was appointed a Lord of the Treasury in 1830, a post he held for the next four years until June 1834.[1] He was then a Secretary to the Treasury until November of the same year, executing this office again between 1835 and 1839.[1] Subsequently, Baring was sworn of the Privy Council and joined the cabinet as Chancellor of the Exchequer, serving until the fall of the Melbourne government in August 1841. He returned to the cabinet in January 1849, replacing Lord Auckland as First Lord of the Admiralty in Russell's cabinet, until its fall in 1852.[2]

Baring was a member of the Canterbury Association. He met John Robert Godley on 24 November 1849 to discuss educational matters for the proposed settlement in Canterbury, New Zealand, and gave £600 for education as a memorial to Charles Buller, who had died in the previous year.[3]

Personal lifeEdit

Lord Northbrook was twice married. Firstly, on 7 April 1825 at the Dockyard Chapel, Portsmouth, Lord Northbrook married Jane Grey (1804-1838), daughter of the Hon. Sir George Grey, 1st Baronet, and niece of Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey. Together they were the parents of:

Secondly, in 1841 he married Lady Arabella Georgina Howard (1809-1884) at St George's, Hanover Square. Lady Arabella was the second daughter of Kenneth Howard, 1st Earl of Effingham. Together, they were the parents of:

Lord Northbrook died on 6 September 1866, aged 70, and was succeeded by his son from his first marriage, Thomas, who later was created Earl of Northbrook in 1876. Lady Northbrook died in December 1884, aged 75.[4]



  1. ^ a b c d Dod, Robert P. (1860). The Peerage, Baronetage and Knightage of Great Britain and Ireland. London: Whitaker and Co. p. 104.
  2. ^ Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Sir Francis Baring
  3. ^ Blain, Rev. Michael (2007). The Canterbury Association (1848-1852): A Study of Its Members’ Connections (PDF). Christchurch: Project Canterbury. pp. 13–14. Retrieved 3 April 2013.
  4. ^ "Baring, Francis Thornhill" . Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.
  5. ^ Taylor, Isaac (1898). Names and their histories: a handbook of historical geography and topographical nomenclature (2 ed.). Rivingtons. p. 61.

External linksEdit