A privy council is a body that advises the head of state of a state, typically, but not always, in the context of a monarchic government. The word privy means 'private' or 'secret'; thus, a privy council was originally a committee of the monarch's closest advisors to give confidential advice on state affairs.
Privy councils edit
Functioning privy councils edit
Former or dormant privy councils edit
|Austrian Empire/Austria-Hungary||Geheimrat||Abolished 1919|
|Bermuda||Privy Council of Bermuda||Split in 1888|
|Empire of Brazil||His Imperial Majesty's Council||Honorific title, some were part of the Council of Ministers or the Council of State; abolished by a coup in 1889|
|Konbaung dynasty (Burma)||Byedaik||Abolished 1885|
|Qing dynasty (China)||Grand Council||Abolished 1898|
|Kingdom of England||Privy Council of England||Replaced by the Privy Council of Great Britain on 1 May 1708|
|Ethiopian Empire||Crown Council of Ethiopia||Abolished 1974, revived in pretence 1987|
|Kingdom of France||Conseil du Roi||Abolished 1791 and replaced by the Conseil d'État|
|German Empire||Geheimrat||Abolished 1918|
|Kingdom of Greece||Council of State||Established in 1835; abolished in 1865, re-established in 1929 as the senior administrative court of Greece|
|Electorate of Hanover||Privy Council of Hanover||Abolished 1866|
|Kingdom of Hawaiʻi||Privy Council of the Hawaiian Kingdom||Abolished after the Hawaiʻi was invaded by the US in 1893|
|Kingdom of Ireland||Privy Council of Ireland||Retained following the coming into effect of the Act of Union 1800, but became dormant from 1922|
|Empire of Japan||Privy Council of Japan||Abolished 1947|
|Kingdom of Laos||King's Council||Abolished 1975|
|Kingdom of Nepal||Rajsabha||Monarchy abolished on 28 May 2008|
|Habsburg Netherlands||Geheime Raad or Conseil Privé||Established in 1531. Abolished for the final time in 1794|
|Nguyễn dynasty (Vietnam)||Viện cơ mật||Abolished in 1945 with the abolition of the monarchy|
|Northern Ireland||Privy Council of Northern Ireland||Made dormant 1972|
|Kingdom of Portugal||His Most Faithful Majesty's Council||Monarchy abolished in 1910|
|Russian Empire||Supreme Privy Council||Abolished 1730|
|Electorate of Saxony||Privy Council of Saxony||Established in 1697 to administer jurisdiction over Lutheran institutions on behalf of the Elector who had converted to Catholicism|
|Kingdom of Scotland||Privy Council of Scotland||Abolished on 1 May 1708, replaced by the Privy Council of Great Britain|
|Sweden||Privy Council of Sweden||Abolished 1789|
|Kingdom of Yugoslavia||Privy Council of Yugoslavia||Abolished 1945, revived in pretence 1990 and replaced by the Privy Council of Serbia in 2006|
|Sultanate of Sulu||Ruma Bichara (State Council)||Abolished after Spanish colonization of the Philippines|
See also edit
- Coradini, Odaci Luiz (February 1997). "Grandes Famílias e Elite 'Profissional' na Medicina no Brasil" [Important Families and the 'Professional' Elite within Brazilian Medicine]. História, Ciências, Saúde—Manguinhos (in Portuguese). Rio de Janeiro: Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. III (3): 425–466.
- O'Gorman, Frank (2016). The Long Eighteenth Century: British Political and Social History 1688–1832. Bloomsbury Publishing. p. 65. ISBN 9781472507747.
- Black, Jeremy (1993). The politics of Britain, 1688-1800. Manchester University Press. p. 13. ISBN 0719037611.
- "Privy Council Records". National Records of Scotland. Archived from the original on 9 January 2017. Retrieved 8 January 2017.