Monarchy of Cambodia

The King of Cambodia (Khmer: ព្រះមហាក្សត្រនៃព្រះរាជាណាចក្រកម្ពុជា, French: Roi du Cambodge) is the head of state of the Kingdom of Cambodia. The King's power is limited to that of a symbolic figurehead to whom people are to give love and respect. The monarch also represents peace, stability, and prosperity to the Khmer people. Since 1993, the King of Cambodia is an elected monarch, making Cambodia one of the few elective monarchies of the world. The king is elected for life from among male descendants of King Ang Duong who are at least 30 years old by the Royal Council of the Throne, which consists of several senior political and religious figures.

King of Cambodia
ព្រះមហាក្សត្រនៃព្រះរាជាណាចក្រកម្ពុជា
Roi du Cambodge
Royal Standard of the King of Cambodia.svg
Incumbent
King Norodom Sihamoni (2019).jpg
Norodom Sihamoni
since 14 October 2004
Details
StyleHis Majesty
First monarchQueen Soma
Formation1st century
24 September 1993; 26 years ago (1993-09-24) (restored)
Abolition9 October 1970 – 24 September 1993
ResidenceKhemarin Palace (official residence)
The Royal Residence (secondary residence)
AppointerRoyal Council of the Throne
Websitenorodomsihamoni.org

RoleEdit

Cambodia's constitution, promulgated in 1993 stipulated the king's role as a mainly ceremonial one. It declared that the king "shall reign, but not govern"[1] as well as being the "symbol of national unity and continuity".[2]

The king performs important functions of state as required by the constitution. This includes but is not limited to:

The king also fulfils other roles not explicitly mentioned in the constitution in his capacity as head of state, for example, presiding over events of national significance[17] including religious ceremonies and traditions integral to the Khmer nation,[18] supporting humanitarian and philanthropic causes,[19] and representing Cambodia abroad when undertaking official visits overseas.[20] Although there have been female rulers in the past, the 1993 constitution currently forbids women from succeeding to the throne.[21]

Ministry of the Royal PalaceEdit

The Ministry of the Royal Palace, currently overseen by minister Kong Sam Ol in conjunction with the Supreme Privy Advisory Council, headed by the king's half-brother Prince Norodom Ranariddh assists and advises the king accordingly in carrying out his duties as monarch.

Mythological historyEdit

Cambodia (68–1431)Edit

Funan Kingdom (68–627)Edit

Order Monarch Names in Foreign Texts Reign
01 Queen Soma Liǔyè
(Traditional Khmer Call: Neang Neak)
latter 1st century
02 Kaundinya I Hùntián
(Traditional Khmer Call: Preah Tong)
68-latter 1st century
03 Unknown latter 2nd century
04 Hun Pan-huang Hùnpánkuàng latter 2nd century
05 Pan-Pan Pánpán early 3rd century
06 Srei Meara Fàn Shīmàn ca. 205–225
07 Unknown Fàn Jīnshēng ca. 225
08 Unknown Fàn Chāng ca. 225-ca. 240
09 Unknown Fàn Xún ca. 240-ca. 287
10 Unknown Unknown latter 3rd century
11 Unknown Tiānzhú Zhāntán latter 4th century
12 Unknown Unknown latter 4th century
13 Kaundinya II Qiáochénrú Unknown-434
14 Srindravarman I Chílítuóbámó 434–435
15 Unknown Unknown Unknown
16 Unknown Unknown Unknown
17 Jayavarman Kaundinya Shéyébámó 484–514
18 Rudravarman Liútuóbámó 514–550
Funan-Chenla War: 550–627
19 Pvirakvarman I Unknown 550-600
20 Mahendravarman I Unknown c. 600–615
21 Nteractvarman I Unknown c. 615-627

Chenla Kingdom (550–802)Edit

Order Monarch Personal Name Reign
Shruta Varman 550-555
Shreshtha Varman II 555-560
Vira Varman 560-575
Kambuja-raja Lakshmi (queen) 575-580
22 Bhavavarman I Bhavavarman 580–600
23 Mohendravarman Chet Sen 600–616
24 Isanavarman I Isanavarman 616–635
25 Bhavavarman II Bhavavarman 639–657
26 Jayavarman I Jayavarman 657–681
27 Queen: Jayadevi Jayadevi 681–713

Khmer Empire (802–1431)Edit

Order Monarch Personal Name Reign
28 Jayavarman II Jayavarman 802–835
29 Jayavarman III Jayavarthon 835–877
30 Indravarman I Indravarman 877–889
31 Yasovarman I Yasovarthon 889–900
32 Harshavarman I Harshavarman 900–925
33 Ishanavarman II Isanavarman 925–928
34 Jayavarman IV Jayavarman 928–941
35 Harshavarman II Harshavarman 941–944
36 Rajendravarman I Rajedravarman 944–968
37 Jayavarman V Jayavarman 968–1001
38 Udayadityavarman I Udayadityavarman 1002
39 Jayavirahvarman Jayavirahvarman 1002–1006
40 Suryavarman I Suryavarman 1006–1050
41 Udayadityavarman II Udayadityavarman 1050–1066
42 Harshavarman III Harshavarman 1066–1080
43 Nripatindravarman Nripatindravarman 1080–1113
44 Jayavarman VI Jayavarman 1080–1107
45 Dharanindravarman I Dharanindravarman 1107–1113
46 Suryavarman II Suryavarman 1113–1150
47 Dharanindravarman II Dharanindravarman 1150–1156
48 Yasovarman II Yasovarman 1156–1165
49 Tribhuvanadityavarman Tribhuvanadityavarman 1165–1177
Cham Invasion: 1177–1181
50 Jayavarman VII Jayavathon 1181–1218
51 Indravarman II Indravarman 1218–1243
The first major Thai kingdom was created in 1238 during the reign of Indravarman by Pho Khun Si Intharathit in Sukhothai, an area formerly ruled by Lavo in vassalage to Angkor.
52 Jayavarman VIII Jayavarman 1243–1295
53 Indravarman III Srei Indravarman 1295–1307
54 Indrajayavarman Srei Jayavarman 1307–1327
55 Jayavarman IX Jayavama Borommesvarah / Jayavarman Parameshwara 1327–1336
56 Trasak Paem Ponhea Chey 1336–1340
57 Nippean Bat Ponhea Kreak 1340–1346
58 Sithean Reachea Sidhanta Raja 1346–1347
59 Lompeng Reachea Trosok Peam or Ponhea Chey or Sri Lampang Paramaraja 1347–1352
Siam attack: 1352–1357
60 Basat Bakrasat 1356–1359
61 Soryavong Soryavong 1357–1363
62 Borom Reachea I Borommarama 1363–1373
63 Thomma Saok Thomma Saok 1373–1393
Siam attack: 1393 (5 months).
64 In Reachea Nakhonin 1394-1421
65 Pnhea Prek Unknown name 1421
66 Barom Reachea II Ponhea Yat 1405–1431

Kingdom of Cambodia (1431–1863)Edit

Chaktomuk Era (1431–1525)Edit

Name Portrait Personal Name Reign
Ponhea Yat
ពញាយ៉ាត
  Ponhea Yat
ពញាយ៉ាត
1431–1463
Noreay Reameathiptei
នរាយ រាមាធិបតី
  Noreay Reachea
នរាយណ៍រាជាទី១ទ
1463–1469
Reachea Reameathiptei
រាជា រាមាធិបតី
  Srei Reachea
ស្រីរាជា
1469–1475
Srei Soriyotei II
ស្រីសុរិយោទ័យទី២
  Rajadhiraja 1472–1475
Thommo Reachea I
ធម្មោ រាជា ទី១
  Dharmarajadhiraja 1476–1504
Srei Sukonthor
ស្រីសុគន្ធធោ
  Damkhat Sukonthor 1504–1512

Cambodia Civil War: Chan Raja and Sdech Kan war: 1516–1525

សម័យកាលសង្គ្រាមស៊ីវិលរវាង ចន្ទរាជា និង ស្តេចកន ពីឆ្នាំ ១៥១៦ ដល់ ១៥២៥

Longvek Era (1525–1594)Edit

Name Portrait Personal Name Reign
Srei Chettha
ស្រីជេដ្ឋា
  Sdach Korn
ស្ដេចកន
1512–1521
Ang Chan I
អង្គចន្ទទី១
  Ponhea Chan
ពញាចន្ទ
1516–1566
Barom Reachea I
បរមរាជា​ ទី១
  Satha Mahindharaja 1566–1576
Satha I
សត្ថាទី១
  Barom Reachea IV
បរមរាជា
1576–1584
Chey Chettha I
ជ័យជេដ្ឋា ទី១
  Chey Chettha
ជ័យជេដ្ឋា
1584–1594

Srei Santhor Era (1594–1620)Edit

Name Portrait Personal Name Reign
Preah Ram I
ព្រះរាម ទី១
  Reamea Cheung Prey
រាមាជើងព្រៃ
1594–1596
Preah Ram II
ព្រះរាម ទី២
  Keo Ban On 1596–1597
Barom Reachea II
បរមរាជា ទី២
  Ponhea Ton
ពញាតន់
1597–1599
Barom Reachea III
បរមរាជា ទី៣
  Ponhea An
ពញាអន
1599–1600
Kaev Hua I
កែវហ៊្វាទី១
  Ponhea Nhom
ពញាញោម
1600–1603
Barom Reachea IV
បរមរាជា ទី៤
  Srei Soriyopor
ស្រីសុរិយោពណ៌
1603–1618

Oudong Era, Middle Age of Cambodia, 1620–1863)Edit

Name Portrait Personal Name Reign
Chey Chettha II
ជ័យជេដ្ឋាទី២
  1618–1628
Outey Reachea I
ឧទ័យរាជាទី១
  Outey
ឧទ័យ
1628–1642
Thommo Reachea II
ស្រីធម្មរាជាទី២
  Ponhea To
ពញាតូ
1628–1631
Ang Tong Reachea
អង្គទងរាជា
  Ponhea Nou
ពញានូ
1631–1640
Batom Reachea
បទុមរាជា
  Ang Non
អង្គនន់
1640–1642
Reameathiptei I
រាមាធិបតីទី១
  Ponhea Chan
ពញាចន្
1642–1658
Barom Reachea V
បុរមរាជា ទី៥
  Ang So
អង្គសូរ
1658–1672
Chey Chettha III
ជ័យជេដ្ឋា ទី៣
  1672–1673
Preah Keo II
ព្រះកែវហ៊្វាទី២
  Ang Chee
អង្គជី
1673–1674
Batom Reachea III
បទុមរាជាទី៣
  Ang Nan 1674
Chey Chettha IV
ជ័យជេដ្ឋា ទី៤
  Ang Sor 1675 – 1695, 1696 – 1699, 1700 – 1702 and 1703 – 1706
Outey I
ឧទ័យទី១
  Ang Yong
អង្គយ៉ង
1695–1696
Barom Reameathiptei
បរម រាមាធិបតី
  Ang Em 1699–1700 and 1710 – 1722
Thommo Reachea III
សេដ្ឋា ទី២
  Ang Tham 1702 – 1703, 1706 – 1709 and 1736 – 1747
Satha II
សេដ្ឋា ទី២
  Ang Chey
អង្គជ័យ
1722–1736 and 1749
Thommo Reachea IV
ស្រីធម្មរាជា
  Ang Em
អង្គឯម
1747
Reameathiptei III
រាមាធិបតីទី៣
  Ang Tong
អង្គទង
1748 – 1749, 1755 – 1758
Chey Chettha V
ជ័យជេដ្ឋា ទី៥
  Ang Snguon
អង្គស្ងួន
1749–1755
Outey Reachea II
ឧទ័យរាជា ទី២
  Ang Ton
អង្គតន់
1758–1775
Ream Reachea
ព្រះរាមរាជា
  Ang Non II
អង្គនន់ទី ២
1775–1779
Neareay Reachea III
នារាយណ៍រាជាទី ៣ ។
  Ang Eng
អង្គអេង
1779 – 1782, 1794 – 1796
Regency, Ang Chan being a minor: 1796 – 1806
Outey Reachea III
ឧទ័យរាជា ទី៣
  Ang Chan
អង្គចន្ទ
1806–1834
Ang Mey
អង្គម៉ី
  Ksat Trey 1834–1841
Harihak Reamea Issarathiptei
ហរិរក្សរាមាឥស្សរាធិបតី
  Ang Duong
អង្គដួង
1841–1860

[citation needed]

Modern Cambodia (1860–present)Edit

French protectorate of Cambodia (1863–1953)Edit

Name Portrait House Birth Death Relationship to predecessor
Norodom Prohmbarirak
ព្រះនរោត្ដម ព្រហ្មបរិរក្ស
19 October 1860

24 April 1904
(43 years, 188 days)
  Norodom 3 February 1834
Angkor Borei
24 April 1904
Phnom Penh
Aged: 70 years, 81 days
Son of Ang Duong
Sisowath Chamchakrapong
ស៊ីសុវត្ថិ ចមចក្រពង្ស
27 April 1904

9 August 1927
(23 years, 104 days)
  Sisowath 7 September 1840
Mongkol Borey
9 August 1927
Phnom Penh
Aged: 86 years, 336 days
Half-brother of Norodom
Sisowath Monivong
ស៊ីសុវត្ថិ មុនីវង្ស
9 August 1927

23 April 1941
(13 years, 257 days)
  Sisowath 27 December 1875
Phnom Penh
23 April 1941
Kampot
Aged: 65 years, 117 days
Son of Sisowath
Norodom Sihanouk
នរោត្តម សីហនុ
24 April 1941

2 March 1955
(13 years, 312 days)
  Norodom 31 October 1922
Phnom Penh
15 October 2012
Beijing
Aged: 89 years, 350 days
Maternal grandson of Sisowath Monivong

Kingdom of Cambodia (1953–1970)Edit

Name Portrait House Birth Death Relationship to predecessor
Norodom Suramarit
នរោត្តម សុរាម្រិត
2 March 1955

3 April 1960
(5 years, 32 days)
  Norodom 6 March 1896
Phnom Penh
3 April 1960
Phnom Penh
Aged: 64 years, 28 days
Father of Norodom Sihanouk
Sisowath Monivong Kossamak Nearirath Sereyvathana
ស៊ីសុវត្ថិមុនីវង្ស កុសុមៈនារីរ័ត្នសេរីវឌ្ឍនា
20 June 1960

9 October 1970
(10 years, 111 days)
[a]
  Norodom
Sisowath
9 April 1904
Phnom Penh
27 April 1975
Beijing
Aged: 71 years, 18 days
Consort of Norodom Suramarit

Kingdom of Cambodia (1993–present)Edit

Name Portrait House Birth Death Relationship to predecessor
Norodom Sihanouk
នរោត្តម សីហនុ
24 September 1993

7 October 2004
(11 years, 13 days)
  Norodom 31 October 1922
Phnom Penh
15 October 2012
Beijing
Aged: 89 years, 350 days
Son of Norodom Suramarit
Norodom Sihamoni
នរោត្តម សីហមុនី
14 October 2004

present
(15 years, 344 days)
  Norodom 14 May 1953
Phnom Penh
Living
Age: 67 years, 131 days
Son of Norodom Sihanouk

Royal symbolsEdit

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Queen Sisowath Kossamak was not an official monarch, but a "symbol, incarnation, and representative" of the dynasty after the death of her husband, King Norodom Suramarit. Norodom Sihanouk appointed himself chief of state whose powers equal that of a traditional monarch.[22]

CitationsEdit

  1. ^ The Constitution of the Kingdom of Cambodia, Chapter II, Article 7.
  2. ^ The Constitution of the Kingdom of Cambodia, Chapter II, Article 8.
  3. ^ The Constitution of the Kingdom of Cambodia, Chapter X, Article 119.
  4. ^ The Constitution of the Kingdom of Cambodia, Chapter VII, Article 82.
  5. ^ The Constitution of the Kingdom of Cambodia, Chapter VIII, Article 106.
  6. ^ The Constitution of the Kingdom of Cambodia, Chapter II, Article 23.
  7. ^ The Constitution of the Kingdom of Cambodia, Chapter II, Article 20.
  8. ^ The Constitution of the Kingdom of Cambodia, Chapter II, Articles 26 and 28.
  9. ^ The Constitution of the Kingdom of Cambodia, Chapter II, Article 9.
  10. ^ The Constitution of the Kingdom of Cambodia, Chapter II, Article 25.
  11. ^ The Constitution of the Kingdom of Cambodia, Chapter II, Article 27.
  12. ^ The Constitution of the Kingdom of Cambodia, Chapter II, Article 21.
  13. ^ The Constitution of the Kingdom of Cambodia, Chapter XI, Article 134.
  14. ^ The Constitution of the Kingdom of Cambodia, Chapter VIII, Article 100.
  15. ^ The Constitution of the Kingdom of Cambodia, Chapter XII, Article 137.
  16. ^ The Constitution of the Kingdom of Cambodia, Chapter II, Article 29.
  17. ^ "Cambodian king,..."
  18. ^ "Cambodia marks..."
  19. ^ "$1 million royal gift..."
  20. ^ "President Xi meets Cambodian king in Beijing" in GB Times
  21. ^ Jeldres, Julio A. (2 April 1999). "Cambodia's Monarchy: The search for the successor". The Phnom Penh Post.
  22. ^ "Cambodian Queen is Dead in Peking". The New York Times. 28 April 1975. Retrieved 23 June 2020.

ReferencesEdit