Tilokaraj

Tilokaraj (Thai: พระเจ้าติโลกราช), also spelt Tilokarat and Tilokkarat, was the twelfth monarch of the Mangrai Dynasty.

Tilokaraj
King of Lan Na
Reign1441-1487
PredecessorSamfangkaen
SuccessorYotchiangrai
Born1409
Died27 May 1487(1487-05-27) (aged 77–78)
HouseMangrai
ReligionTheravada Buddhism

Early lifeEdit

According to the Chiang Mai Chronicle, he was the sixth child of King Sam Phraya (also known as Samfangkaen).[1] The 'lok' part of his name means sixth.

King of Lan NaEdit

 
Map of Lan Na under King Tilokkarat

He became king in 1443 by deposing his father, and within a year had imposed control over Nan and Phrae. He also attacked Chiang Rung, and the Shan region several times but could not impose control. He faced several revolts. He had his favorite son, Bunruang, executed on suspicion of disloyalty. While clearly a warlike ruler, he was also a vigorous patron of Sri Lankan-style Buddhism, building several monasteries including Wat Chet Yot and Wat Pa Daeng, and enlarging Wat Chedi Luang to house the Emerald Buddha.[2]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

CitationsEdit

  1. ^ Wyatt 1995, pp. 74–76
  2. ^ Ongsakul 2005, pp. 77–81

SourcesEdit

  • Ongsakul, Sarassawadee (2005). History of Lan Na. Chiang Mai: Silkworm Books. ISBN 974-9575-84-9.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Wyatt, David K.; Wichienkeeo, Aroonrut, eds. (1995). Chiang Mai Chronicle. Chiang Mai: Silkworm Books. ISBN 974-7047-67-5.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Samfangkaen
King of Lanna
1441–1487
Succeeded by
Yotchiangrai