Longvek or Lavek[a] (Khmer: លង្វែក, pronounced [luŋˈʋɛːk] or ល្វែក, pronounced [lʋɛːk]; lit.'Intersection or Crossroads') was a city in Cambodia. It was the second capital city during the Cambodia's Post-Angkor period which began after the Angkor era. The city was known to early European traders as "Cambodia".[1] The city used to serve as a center of the country's military. It was a gathering point for people of knowledge including scholars and martial artists.[2]

Bird's eye view of Longvek, Cambodia

Longvek was chosen by King Ang Chan I after the sacking of Angkor by the Siamese as a new capital because of its more readily defensible terrain. As a result, there was a time when Cambodia was often referred to as Longvek by foreign travellers. It was considered one of the greatest cities in Cambodia. After Ang Chan I defeated Sdach Korn he moved the capital city from Chaktomuk to Longvek in 1529. This new city was the capital of the Kingdom of Cambodia from 1529 to 1594 until the fall of Longvek.[3]

The ancient fortress city of Longvek's site

History edit

During the 14th and 15th centuries, Cambodia was in a state of eclipse. Following the almost total destruction of Angkor, Longvek was chosen as the new capital of the now minor state of Cambodia. Longvek was located halfway between Phnom Penh and the southern end of the Tonlé Sap and it was chosen by King Outey Reachea III (1516–1566) as his official capital.

Longvek became the nation's capital in the 16th century after the civil war between King Ang Chan I and Sdach Korn. After Ang Chan's I victory, he became the new king of Cambodia.

Spanish and Portuguese adventurers and missionaries, like Blas Ruiz de Hernán González from Ciudad Real, first visited the kingdom during this period. Blas became a friend of King Satha of Longvek, who was well-disposed towards foreigners,[4] and while in the kingdom got to know Portuguese adventurer Diogo Beloso from Amarante. The Iberians referred to Chaktomuk as "Churdumuco" and to Srei Santhor as "Sistor".[5] Not long thereafter Longvek was invaded by the Siamese ruler of Ayutthaya.[6]

King Naresuan of Siam conquered Longvek in 1593.[7]: 143  This conquest marked a downturn in the kingdom's fortunes. In the historical period that followed Cambodia became a pawn in a power struggle between its two increasingly powerful neighbours, Siam and Vietnam.

Notes edit

  1. ^ Variations of the name include: Lvek, Laṅvēka, Luṅvēka, Lovek, and Eauweck.

References edit

  1. ^ Hamilton (M.R.A.S.), Walter (1815). The East India Gazetteer: Containing Particular Descriptions of the Empires, Kingdoms, Principalities, Provinces, Cities, Towns, Districts, Fortresses, Harbours, Rivers, Lakes, &c. of Hindostan, and the Adjacent Countries, India Beyond the Ganges, and the Eastern Archipelago; Together with Sketches of the Manners, Customs, Institutions, Agriculture, Commerce, Manufactures, Revenues, Population, Castes, Religion, History, &c. of Their Various Inhabitants. J. Murray.
  2. ^ Sony, Ouch, and Danielle Keeton-Olsen. "An Ancient Martial Art, Transformed by Time, War, Seeks Return to Prominence." VOD, 12 Jan. 2021, vodenglish.news/an-ancient-martial-art-transformed-by-time-war-seeks-return-to-prominence/. Accessed 26 Feb. 2021.
  3. ^ "学術情報リポジトリ". digital-archives.sophia.ac.jp. Retrieved 2024-01-02.
  4. ^ Trudy Jacobsen, Lost goddesses ISBN 87-7694-001-2 ISBN 978-8776940010
  5. ^ The Philippine islands, 1493-1803
  6. ^ Miguel de Jaque de los Rios Manzanedo Viaje de las Indias Orientales y Occidentales (Año 1606)[permanent dead link]
  7. ^ Rajanubhab, D., 2001, Our Wars With the Burmese, Bangkok: White Lotus Co. Ltd., ISBN 9747534584

Bibliography edit

External links edit

11°51′53″N 104°45′14″E / 11.86472°N 104.75389°E / 11.86472; 104.75389