Châu Đốc

Châu Đốc is a city in An Giang Province, bordering Cambodia, in the Mekong Delta region of Vietnam. As of 2013, the city had a population of 157,298, and cover an area of 105.29 square kilometres (40.65 sq mi).[1]

Châu Đốc
Thành phố Châu Đốc
Châu Đốc City
Panoramic view of Châu Đốc.
Panoramic view of Châu Đốc.
Châu Đốc is located in Vietnam
Châu Đốc
Châu Đốc
Location in Vietnam
Coordinates: 10°42′N 105°7′E / 10.700°N 105.117°E / 10.700; 105.117Coordinates: 10°42′N 105°7′E / 10.700°N 105.117°E / 10.700; 105.117
Country Vietnam
ProvinceAn Giang Province
Area
 • Total40.65 sq mi (105.29 km2)
Population
 (2018)
 • Total161,547
 • Density4,000/sq mi (1,500/km2)
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)

The city is located by the Hậu River (a branch of the Mekong River flowing through Vietnamese territory) and Vĩnh Tế canal. Châu Đốc is situated 250 kilometres (160 mi) west of Ho Chi Minh City. It takes about six hours to travel by bus from Ho Chi Minh City.

HistoryEdit

The territory became Vietnam's around the 17th century. The town is near the picturesque Sam Mountain where the Sam Mountain Lady (Vietnamese: Bà Chúa Xứ Núi Sam) is worshipped. The Sam Mount Lady Ceremony is held every April of lunar calendar (May) every year.

In 1957, the town was the site of the Châu Đốc massacre.[2]

ClimateEdit

Châu Đốc has a tropical savanna climate (Köppen Aw) with a lengthy though not extreme wet season from April to November and a dry season from December to March.

Climate data for Châu Đốc
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 34.9
(94.8)
36.4
(97.5)
37.0
(98.6)
38.3
(100.9)
36.8
(98.2)
35.7
(96.3)
35.4
(95.7)
35.0
(95.0)
34.2
(93.6)
33.4
(92.1)
33.6
(92.5)
33.5
(92.3)
38.3
(100.9)
Average high °C (°F) 30.4
(86.7)
31.5
(88.7)
33.3
(91.9)
34.5
(94.1)
33.2
(91.8)
32.0
(89.6)
31.7
(89.1)
31.3
(88.3)
31.0
(87.8)
30.6
(87.1)
30.3
(86.5)
29.6
(85.3)
31.6
(88.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) 25.7
(78.3)
26.1
(79.0)
27.3
(81.1)
28.5
(83.3)
28.2
(82.8)
27.6
(81.7)
27.3
(81.1)
27.5
(81.5)
27.6
(81.7)
27.4
(81.3)
27.1
(80.8)
25.8
(78.4)
27.2
(81.0)
Average low °C (°F) 22.3
(72.1)
22.5
(72.5)
23.4
(74.1)
24.8
(76.6)
25.4
(77.7)
25.0
(77.0)
24.8
(76.6)
25.1
(77.2)
25.4
(77.7)
25.2
(77.4)
24.8
(76.6)
22.9
(73.2)
24.3
(75.7)
Record low °C (°F) 17.0
(62.6)
18.5
(65.3)
17.5
(63.5)
21.0
(69.8)
21.9
(71.4)
20.0
(68.0)
21.1
(70.0)
21.0
(69.8)
21.2
(70.2)
22.2
(72.0)
19.8
(67.6)
16.8
(62.2)
16.8
(62.2)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 7
(0.3)
3
(0.1)
18
(0.7)
87
(3.4)
164
(6.5)
112
(4.4)
132
(5.2)
163
(6.4)
160
(6.3)
257
(10.1)
151
(5.9)
40
(1.6)
1,294
(50.9)
Average rainy days 1.9 1.0 2.6 8.5 16.0 17.8 18.8 18.7 19.7 20.5 13.5 4.7 143.6
Average relative humidity (%) 78.1 79.5 77.2 77.0 82.6 83.9 84.1 83.3 83.7 82.7 79.3 77.5 80.7
Mean monthly sunshine hours 259 245 272 237 218 178 188 180 178 188 209 236 2,589
Source: Vietnam Institute for Building Science and Technology[3]

LandmarksEdit

The Phước Điền Temple is located in Châu Đốc. It is an official historic monument of Vietnam. The Victoria Hotel is the only notable hotel in the area. There are also many hotels in the center near the main market area, where you can get good value for money accommodation. There are other hotels that are situated near Nui Sam. There are a couple of new hotels on the road to Sam mountain. A worthwhile option to consider is a night (or two) on one of the floating hotels (there are 2, one reachable via footbridge, the other via boat).

Sam Mountain, being the highest mountain in Mekong Delta (284 m),[4] is a famous mountain in Châu Đốc, about 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) from the city.

Tây An Temple, dating from 1847, is near the city.

PopulationEdit

Vietnamese, Cham and Khmer live together in harmony. The three main religions in this region are Mahayana Buddhism (Kinh/Vietnamese); Theravada Buddhism (Khmer), and Sunni Islam (Chams). The total population is around 120,000 [1] with a vast majority of Kinh (Viet).

As of 2003 the district had a population of 112,155.[5] The district covers an area of 100 square kilometres (39 sq mi).[5]

In July 2013, the city had a population of 157,298.

EconomyEdit

Châu Đốc is famous for its variety of fish sauces (nước mắm) and mainly "mắm tai", a kind of anchovy. The local economy is based on culture of basa catfish export and on tourism. The town is a busy trading center due to its border position with Cambodia.

Administrative subdivisionsEdit

Châu Đốc is subdivided to 7 commune-level subdivisions, including the wards of: Châu Phú A, Châu Phú B, Núi Sam, Vĩnh Mỹ, Vĩnh Nguơn and the rural communes of Vĩnh Châu and Vĩnh Tế.

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Nghị quyết số 86/NQ-CP của Chính phủ : Về việc thành lập phường Vĩnh Ngươn thuộc thị xã Châu Đốc và thành lập thành phố Châu Đốc thuộc tỉnh An Giang upgrade to city level on July 19, 2013
  2. ^ "Supernatural Awards said promised Viet Nam people for following red dogma". Times-News. Hendersonville, North Carolina. August 17, 1957. Retrieved May 26, 2010.
  3. ^ "Vietnam Building Code Natural Physical & Climatic Data for Construction" (PDF) (in Vietnamese). Vietnam Institute for Building Science and Technology. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 July 2018. Retrieved 23 July 2018.
  4. ^ "Trang chủ An Giang".
  5. ^ a b "Districts of Vietnam". Statoids. Retrieved March 13, 2009.