Tây Ninh (listen) is a provincial city in south-eastern Vietnam. It is the capital of Tây Ninh Province, which encompasses the town and much of the surrounding farmland. Tây Ninh is approximately 90 km (55 miles) to the northwest of Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam's largest city. As of 2013, the city had a population of 153,537, and a total area of 140 km2 (54 sq mi).[1]

Tây Ninh
Thành phố Tây Ninh
Tây Ninh City
TPTN.jpg
Coordinates: 11°22′4″N 106°07′8″E / 11.36778°N 106.11889°E / 11.36778; 106.11889
Country Vietnam
ProvinceTây Ninh
Area
 • Total140 km2 (50 sq mi)
Population
 (2013)
 • Total153,537
 • Density1,096.6/km2 (2,840/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+07 (ICT)

The city is most famous for being the home of the Cao Đài religion, an indigenous Vietnamese faith that includes the teachings of the major world religions. The Cao Đài religion's Holy See, built between 1933 and 1955, is located around 5 km to the east of Tây Ninh's city centre.

Besides the Cao Đài Holy See, other tourist attractions include Núi Bà Đen ("Black Virgin Mountain") and Dầu Tiếng Lake, one of the largest man-made lakes in Vietnam and Southeast Asia.

In The Quiet American by Graham Greene, Tây Ninh is referred to as "Tanyin."

HistoryEdit

After the Fall of Saigon, the town of Tây Ninh was reorganized to comprise 3 wards and 1 commune. In August 2001, the town was expanded to include 5 wards and 5 communes. On 29 December 2013, Tây Ninh town was upgraded officially to provincial city status, under administration of Tây Ninh Province, along with the upgrade of its two communes Ninh Sơn and Ninh Thạnh to ward status.[1]

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Tây Ninh
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 36.2
(97.2)
36.4
(97.5)
38.5
(101.3)
39.9
(103.8)
39.0
(102.2)
37.6
(99.7)
37.3
(99.1)
35.2
(95.4)
35.6
(96.1)
34.0
(93.2)
34.3
(93.7)
34.8
(94.6)
39.9
(103.8)
Average high °C (°F) 32.1
(89.8)
33.4
(92.1)
34.8
(94.6)
35.2
(95.4)
34.0
(93.2)
32.5
(90.5)
31.9
(89.4)
31.6
(88.9)
31.3
(88.3)
31.0
(87.8)
31.2
(88.2)
31.0
(87.8)
32.5
(90.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) 25.6
(78.1)
26.6
(79.9)
27.9
(82.2)
28.8
(83.8)
28.3
(82.9)
27.4
(81.3)
27.0
(80.6)
27.0
(80.6)
26.7
(80.1)
26.4
(79.5)
26.0
(78.8)
25.2
(77.4)
26.9
(80.4)
Average low °C (°F) 20.9
(69.6)
21.9
(71.4)
23.3
(73.9)
24.8
(76.6)
25.0
(77.0)
24.4
(75.9)
24.1
(75.4)
24.2
(75.6)
24.0
(75.2)
23.6
(74.5)
22.7
(72.9)
21.0
(69.8)
23.3
(73.9)
Record low °C (°F) 15.3
(59.5)
17.9
(64.2)
16.8
(62.2)
21.4
(70.5)
21.9
(71.4)
19.3
(66.7)
20.8
(69.4)
21.2
(70.2)
20.3
(68.5)
18.5
(65.3)
16.9
(62.4)
13.9
(57.0)
13.9
(57.0)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 13
(0.5)
11
(0.4)
24
(0.9)
104
(4.1)
203
(8.0)
265
(10.4)
257
(10.1)
234
(9.2)
353
(13.9)
317
(12.5)
139
(5.5)
48
(1.9)
1,967
(77.4)
Average rainy days 1.7 1.6 2.8 7.4 16.0 20.5 21.8 21.6 23.6 21.9 11.6 3.8 154.4
Average relative humidity (%) 70.5 70.8 70.2 73.2 79.7 83.5 84.1 84.5 85.9 85.0 79.4 72.8 78.3
Mean monthly sunshine hours 257 244 277 250 238 192 201 186 181 194 215 235 2,672
Source: Vietnam Institute for Building Science and Technology[2]

Administrative divisionEdit

 
Cableway to pagodas atop Black Virgin Mountain
 
U.S. Army heliport, Tây Ninh, 1971

Tây Ninh city, Vietnam comprises 7 wards (phường) and 3 communes (xã):

  • Ward 1
  • Ward 2
  • Ward 3
  • Ward 4
  • Hiệp Ninh Ward
  • Ninh Sơn Ward
  • Ninh Thạnh Ward
  • Bình Minh Commune
  • Tân Bình Commune
  • Thạnh Tân Commune

The ward is further divided into quarters (khu phố) and the commune into hamlets (ấp).

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Resolution on establishing Tay Ninh City". Tay Ninh Portal. Retrieved 9 Feb 2014.
  2. ^ "Vietnam Building Code Natural Physical & Climatic Data for Construction" (PDF) (in Vietnamese). Vietnam Institute for Building Science and Technology. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 July 2018. Retrieved 23 July 2018.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 11°22′4″N 106°07′8″E / 11.36778°N 106.11889°E / 11.36778; 106.11889