List of heads of state of Cambodia

This is a list of heads of state of Cambodia from the accession of King Norodom on 19 October 1860 to the present day. It lists various heads of state which served in the modern history of Cambodia, under several different regimes and with several different titles.

Head of State of Cambodia
ប្រមុខរដ្ឋនៃកម្ពុជា
Royal arms of Cambodia.svg
King Norodom Sihamoni (2019).jpg
Incumbent
Norodom Sihamoni
(as King of Cambodia)

since 14 October 2004
StyleHis Majesty
ResidenceRoyal Palace of Cambodia
AppointerRoyal Council of the Throne
Formation19 October 1860
First holderNorodom (as King of Cambodia)

From 1860 onward, there have been 11 heads of state (acting heads of state are not counted).

The current head of state of Cambodia is King Norodom Sihamoni, since 14 October 2004.

TitlesEdit

  • 1860–1960: King of Cambodia (under French colonial rule in 1863–1945 and 1945–1953)
  • 1960: Chairman of the Regency Council
  • 1960–1970: Chief of State of the Kingdom of Cambodia
  • 1970–1975: President of the Khmer Republic
  • 1975: Chairman of the Supreme Committee
  • 1975–1979: Chairman of the State Presidium
  • 1979–1981: Chairman of the People's Revolutionary Council
  • 1981–1993: Chairman of the Council of State
  • 1993: Head of State of the State of Cambodia
  • 1993–present: King of Cambodia

KeyEdit

Political parties
Other factions
Status
  •   Denotes Acting Head of State

Kings of Cambodia under French and Japanese ruleEdit

(Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office)

French protectorate of Cambodia (1863–1945)Edit

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Reign House Claim
Start End Duration
1   Norodom
(1834–1904)
19 October 1860 24 April 1904 43 years, 188 days Norodom Son of Ang Duong
2   Sisowath
(1840–1927)
27 April 1904 9 August 1927 23 years, 104 days Sisowath Brother of Norodom
3   Sisowath Monivong
(1875–1941)
9 August 1927 24 April 1941 13 years, 258 days Sisowath Son of Sisowath
4   Norodom Sihanouk
(1922–2012)
24 April 1941 13 March 1945 3 years, 320 days Norodom Grandson of Sisowath Monivong

Kingdom of Kampuchea (1945)Edit

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Reign House Claim
Start End Duration
(4)   Norodom Sihanouk
(1922–2012)
13 March 1945 16 October 1945 217 days Norodom Grandson of Sisowath Monivong

French protectorate of Cambodia (1945–53)Edit

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Reign House Claim
Start End Duration
(4)   Norodom Sihanouk
(1922–2012)
16 October 1945 9 November 1953 8 years, 24 days Norodom Grandson of Sisowath Monivong

Heads of state of CambodiaEdit

(Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office)

Kingdom of Cambodia (1953–70)Edit

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Reign House Political party
Start End Duration Claim
(4)   Norodom Sihanouk
(1922–2012)
9 November 1953 2 March 1955 1 year, 113 days Norodom
Grandson of Sisowath Monivong
5   Norodom Suramarit
(1896–1960)
2 March 1955 3 April 1960 5 years, 32 days Norodom
Father of Norodom Sihanouk
  Chuop Hell
(1909–1975)
3 April 1960 6 April 1960 3 days Sangkum
  Sisowath Monireth
(1909–1975)
6 April 1960 13 June 1960 68 days Sisowath Sangkum
Son of Sisowath Monivong
  Chuop Hell
(1909–1975)
13 June 1960 20 June 1960 7 days Sangkum
(4)   Norodom Sihanouk
(1922–2012)
20 June 1960 18 March 1970 9 years, 271 days Norodom Sangkum
Son of Norodom Suramarit
0   Sisowath Kossamak
(1904–1975)
[a]
20 June 1960 9 October 1970 10 years, 111 days Sisowath
Consort of Norodom Suramarit
  Cheng Heng
(1910–1996)
21 March 1970 9 October 1970 202 days Independent

Khmer Republic (1970–75)Edit

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political party
Elected Took office Left office Time in office
6   Cheng Heng
(1910–1996)
9 October 1970 9 March 1972 1 year, 153 days Independent
7   Lon Nol
(1913–1985)
1972 10 March 1972 1 April 1975 3 years, 22 days Social Republican Party /
FANK (ANK)
  Saukam Khoy
(1915–2008)
1 April 1975 12 April 1975 11 days Social Republican Party /
FANK (ANK)
  Sak Sutsakhan
(1928–1994)
12 April 1975 17 April 1975 5 days FANK (ANK)

Democratic Kampuchea (1975–79)Edit

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political party
Took office Left office Time in office
(4)   Norodom Sihanouk
(1922–2012)
17 April 1975 11 April 1976 360 days National United Front of Kampuchea
8   Khieu Samphan
(1931–)
11 April 1976 7 January 1979 2 years, 271 days Communist Party of Kampuchea

People's Republic of Kampuchea and State of Cambodia (1979–93)Edit

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political party
Took office Left office Time in office
9   Heng Samrin
(1934–)
7 January 1979 6 April 1992 13 years, 90 days Kampuchean People's Revolutionary Party
10   Chea Sim
(1932–2015)
6 April 1992 14 June 1993 1 year, 69 days Cambodian People's Party
(4)   Norodom Sihanouk
(1922–2012)
14 June 1993 24 September 1993 102 days Independent

Kingdom of Cambodia (1993–present)Edit

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Reign House Claim
Start End Duration
(4)   Norodom Sihanouk
(1922–2012)
24 September 1993 7 October 2004 11 years, 13 days Norodom Elected
(Son of Norodom Suramarit)
11   Norodom Sihamoni
(1953–)
14 October 2004 Incumbent 17 years, 49 days Norodom Elected
(Son of Norodom Sihanouk)

TimelineEdit

Norodom SihamoniChea SimHeng SamrinKhieu SamphanSak SutsakhanSaukam KhoyLon NolCheng HengSisowath KossamakSisowath MonirethChuop HellNorodom SuramaritNorodom SihanoukSisowath MonivongSisowath of CambodiaNorodom of Cambodia

Living former heads of stateEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Cambodian Queen is dead in Peking". The New York Times. 28 April 1975. Retrieved 5 June 2020.
  1. ^ Queen Sisowath Kossamak was not an official monarch, but a "symbol, incarnation, and representative" of the dynasty after the death of her husband, King Norodom Suramarit. Prince Norodom Sihanouk was appointed Head of State whose powers equal that of a monarch.[1]