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Preah Vihear (Khmer: ព្រះវិហារ, IPA: [preə̯̆h ʋihiə]; 'sacred sanctuary') is a province (khaet) of Cambodia. It borders the provinces of Oddar Meanchey and Siem Reap to the west, Kampong Thom to the south and Stung Treng to the east. Its northern boundary forms part of Cambodia's international border with Thailand and Laos. Its capital is Preah Vihear.

Preah Vihear Province

ព្រះវិហារ
Preah Vihear Temple, for which the province is named after
Preah Vihear Temple, for which the province is named after
Map of Cambodia highlighting Preah Vihear
Map of Cambodia highlighting Preah Vihear
Coordinates: 13°47′N 104°58′E / 13.783°N 104.967°E / 13.783; 104.967Coordinates: 13°47′N 104°58′E / 13.783°N 104.967°E / 13.783; 104.967
Country Cambodia
Provincial status1959
Named forPreah Vihear Temple
CapitalPreah Vihear
Government
 • GovernorPrak Sovann (CPP)
 • MPSuos Yara
Area
 • Total13,788 km2 (5,324 sq mi)
Area rank3rd
Population
 (2019 census)[1]
 • TotalIncrease 251,352
 • Rank19th
 • Density18/km2 (50/sq mi)
 • Density rank22nd
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
Dialing code+855
ISO 3166 codeKH-13
Districts7

DescriptionEdit

The province is named after the temple of Prasat Preah Vihear. The Dângrêk Mountains and the Cambodia/Thailand border are in the north of Preah Vihear Province.

Preah Vihear is one of the nine provinces that are part of the Tonle Sap Biosphere Reserve.[2]

Administrative divisionsEdit

The province is divided into seven districts and one municipality.

ISO Code District Khmer
13-01 Chey Saen ​ស្រុកជ័យសែន
13-02 Chhaeb ​ស្រុកឆែប
13-03 Choam Khsant ស្រុកជាំក្សាន្ត​
13-04 Kuleaen ស្រុកគូលែន​
13-05 Rovieng ស្រុករវៀង​
13-06 Sangkom Thmei ស្រុកសង្គមថ្មី​
13-07 Tbaeng Meanchey ​ស្រុកត្បែងមានជ័យ
13-08 Preah Vihear Municipality ក្រុងព្រះវិហារ

SitesEdit

  • Koh Ker complex: Koh Ker was once the capital city of Khmer Empire
  • Bakan or Preah Khan Kompong Svay complex: 105 kilometres southwest of the provincial town, built under the reign of King Suryavarman I (1002–1050)
  • Noreay Temples: five 7th-century temples made of Sandstone, laterite and brick, 32 kilometres northeast of the town.
  • Phnom Pralean temple: a temple built to worship Brahmanism, on top of a 180 metres hill
  • Neak Buos temple: 75 kilometres north of Tbaeng Meanchey
  • Krapum Chhouk temple: built in the 10th century in laterite and stone, 45 kilometres south of Tbaeng Meanchey
  • Kork Beng temple: a ruined laterite and sandstone temple built between 936 and 951 by a commander named Kork on the order of King Jayavarman IV
  • Wat Peung Preah Ko: a place of worship in beautiful natural surroundings believed to possess strong supernatural powers.
  • Preah Vihear Temple: built in the 12th century, located between Thailand and Cambodia. It was listed as World Heritage Site in 2008.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "General Population Census of the Kingdom of Cambodia 2019". National Institute of Statistics. Ministry of Planning. June 2019. Retrieved 12 August 2019.
  2. ^ "Tsbr-ed.org". www.tsbr-ed.org. Retrieved 17 April 2018.

External linksEdit

  • Preah-Vihear.com - Preah Vihear Temple and the Thai's Misunderstanding of the World Court Judgment of 15 June 1962
  •   Preah Vihear travel guide from Wikivoyage