Provinces of Cambodia
Cambodia is divided into 25 provinces (Khmer: ខេត្ត, khaet, singular and plural). The capital Phnom Penh is not a province but an "autonomous municipality", equivalent to a province governmentally and administered at the same level as the other 24 provinces.
|Provinces of Cambodia|
|Category||Unitary dominant-party parliamentary constitutional monarchy|
|Populations||41,798 (Kep) – 2,129,371 (Phnom Penh)|
|Areas||336 km2 (130 sq mi) (Kep) – 14,288 km2 (5,517 sq mi) (Mondulkiri)|
Phnom Penh has both the highest population and the highest population density of all provinces, but is the second smallest in land area. The largest province by area is Mondulkiri and the smallest is Kep which is also the least populated province. Mondulkiri has the lowest population density.
Provinces are divided into districts (srok, Khmer: ស្រុក) / Khan (Khmer: ខណ្ឌ). The districts of Phnom Penh are called khan, normally written as Khan for addresses in English. The number of districts in each province varies, from two in the smallest provinces to 14 in Battambang, Prey Veng, and Siem Reap. Further subdivision levels are khum (Khmer: ឃុំ, communes) or sangkat (Khmer: សង្កាត់, quarters) and finally, phum (Khmer: ភូមិ, villages). In Phnom Penh, Sangkat is used in the place of Khum and, similar to Khan, normally preferred as Sangkat for addresses in English.
List of provincesEdit
- 1975: The Khmer Rouge government did away with all former Cambodian traditional administrative divisions. Instead of provinces, Democratic Kampuchea was divided into seven geographic zones (damban Khmer: តំបន់): the Northwest, the North, the Northeast, the East, the Southwest, the West, and the Centre. These zones were derived from divisions established by the Khmer Rouge when they fought against the Khmer Republic during the Cambodian Civil War.
- 2008: On 22 December 2008, King Norodom Sihamoni signed a decree that changed the municipalities of Kep, Pailin and Sihanoukville into provincial municipalities, as well as adjusting several provincial borders.
- 2013: On 31 December 2013, King Norodom Sihamoni signed a decree that split Kampong Cham into two provinces: Kampong Cham (west of the Mekong River) and Tbong Khmum (east of the Mekong River).
- "General Population Census of the Kingdom of Cambodia 2019". National Institute of Statistics. Ministry of Planning. June 2019. Retrieved 12 August 2019.
- Tyner, James A (2008). The Killing of Cambodia: Geography, Genocide and the Unmaking of Space. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. ISBN 0754670961. Retrieved 5 July 2019.
- "Decree Creates Three New Provinces".
- "Kampong Cham's great divide".
- Vicheika, Kann (31 August 2018). "Cambodia to Create Two New Provinces in Bid for 'Efficiency'". Voice of America. Retrieved 5 July 2019.