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Provinces of Cambodia

Cambodia is divided into 25 provinces (Khmer: ខេត្ត, khaet, singular and plural). The capital Phnom Penh is not a province but an "autonomous municipality", equivalent to a province governmentally and administered at the same level as the other 24 provinces.

Provinces of Cambodia
រាជធានី ខេត្ត នៃព្រះរាជាណាចក្រកម្ពុជា
Provincial Boundaries in Cambodia.svg
CategoryUnitary state
Location Cambodia
Number25
Populations41,798 (Kep) – 2,129,371 (Phnom Penh)[1]
Areas336 km2 (130 sq mi) (Kep) – 14,288 km2 (5,517 sq mi) (Mondulkiri)
GovernmentProvincial Government
SubdivisionsDistrict

Phnom Penh has both the highest population and the highest population density of all provinces, but is the second smallest in land area. The largest province by area is Mondulkiri and the smallest is Kep which is also the least populated province. Mondulkiri has the lowest population density.

Each province is administered by a governor, who is nominated by the Ministry of Interior, subject to approval by the prime minister.

Provinces are divided into districts (srok, Khmer: ស្រុក) / Khan (Khmer: ខណ្ឌ). The districts of Phnom Penh are called khan, normally written as Khan for addresses in English. The number of districts in each province varies, from two in the smallest provinces to 14 in Battambang, Prey Veng, and Siem Reap. Further subdivision levels are khum (Khmer: ឃុំ, communes) or sangkat (Khmer: សង្កាត់, quarters) and finally, phum (Khmer: ភូមិ, villages). In Phnom Penh, Sangkat is used in the place of Khum and, similar to Khan, normally preferred as Sangkat for addresses in English.

List of provincesEdit

Name Native Name Capital (seat) Population (2019)[1] Area (km2)[1] Population density ISO
Banteay Meanchey បន្ទាយមានជ័យ Serei Saophoan Municipality 859,545 6,679 129 KH-1
Battambang បាត់ដំបង Battambang Municipality 987,400 11,702 84 KH-2
Kampong Cham កំពង់ចាម Kampong Cham Municipality 895,763 4,549 197 KH-3
Kampong Chhnang កំពង់ឆ្នាំង Kampong Chhnang Municipality 525,932 5,521 95 KH-4
Kampong Speu កំពង់ស្ពឺ Chbar Mon Municipality 872,219 7,017 124 KH-5
Kampong Thom កំពង់ធំ Steung Saen Municipality 677,260 13,814 49 KH-6
Kampot កំពត Kampot Municipality 592,845 4,873 122 KH-7
Kandal កណ្តាល Ta Khmau Municipality 1,195,547 3,179 376 KH-8
Koh Kong កោះកុង Khemarak Phoumin Municipality 123,618 10,090 12 KH-9
Kratié ក្រចេះ Kratié Municipality 327,825 11,094 34 KH-10
Mondulkiri មណ្ឌលគិរី Senmonorom Municipality 88,649 14,288 6 KH-11
Phnom Penh ភ្នំពេញ Doun Penh Section 2,129,371 679 3,136 KH-12
Preah Vihear ព្រះវិហារ Tbaeng Meanchey Municipality 251,352 13,788 18 KH-13
Prey Veng ព្រៃវែង Prey Veng Municipality 1,057,428 4,883 217 KH-14
Pursat ពោធិ៍សាត់ Pursat Municipality 411,759 12,692 32 KH-15
Ratanak Kiri រតនគិរី Banlung Municipality 204,027 10,782 19 KH-16
Siem Reap សៀមរាប Siem Reap Municipality 1,006,512 10,299 98 KH-17
Preah Sihanouk ព្រះសីហនុ Sihanoukville Municipality 302,887 1,938 156 KH-18
Steung Treng ស្ទឹងត្រែង Stung Treng Municipality 159,565 11,092 14 KH-19
Svay Rieng ស្វាយរៀង Svay Rieng Municipality 524,554 2,966 177 KH-20
Takéo តាកែវ Doun Kaev Municipality 899,485 3,563 252 KH-21
Oddar Meanchey ឧត្តរមានជ័យ Samraong Municipality 261,252 6,158 42 KH-22
Kep កែប Kep Municipality 41,798 336 124 KH-23
Pailin ប៉ៃលិន Pailin Municipality 71,600 803 89 KH-24
Tboung Khmum ត្បូងឃ្មុំ Suong Municipality 775,296 5,250 148 KH-25

HistoryEdit

  • 1975: The Khmer Rouge government did away with all former Cambodian traditional administrative divisions. Instead of provinces, Democratic Kampuchea was divided into seven geographic zones (damban Khmer: តំបន់): the Northwest, the North, the Northeast, the East, the Southwest, the West, and the Centre. These zones were derived from divisions established by the Khmer Rouge when they fought against the Khmer Republic during the Cambodian Civil War.[2]
  • 2008: On 22 December 2008, King Norodom Sihamoni signed a decree that changed the municipalities of Kep, Pailin and Sihanoukville into provincial municipalities, as well as adjusting several provincial borders.[3]
  • 2013: On 31 December 2013, King Norodom Sihamoni signed a decree that split Kampong Cham into two provinces: Kampong Cham (west of the Mekong River) and Tbong Khmum (east of the Mekong River).[4]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "General Population Census of the Kingdom of Cambodia 2019: Provisional Population Totals" (PDF). National Institute of Statistics. Ministry of Planning. June 2019. Retrieved 12 August 2019.
  2. ^ Tyner, James A (2008). The Killing of Cambodia: Geography, Genocide and the Unmaking of Space. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. ISBN 0-7546-7096-1. Retrieved 5 July 2019.
  3. ^ Vong, Sokheng (31 December 2008). "Decree creates three new provinces". Phnom Penh Post.
  4. ^ Mom, Kunthear; Ponniah, Kevin (10 January 2014). "Kampong Cham's great divide". Phnom Penh Post.
  5. ^ Vicheika, Kann (31 August 2018). "Cambodia to Create Two New Provinces in Bid for 'Efficiency'". Voice of America. Retrieved 5 July 2019.

External linksEdit