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A privy council is a body that advises the head of state of a nation, typically, but not always, in the context of a monarchic government. The word "privy" means "private" or "secret"; thus, a privy council was originally a committee of the monarch's closest advisors to give confidential advice on state affairs.
Functioning privy councilsEdit
- Belgium: Crown Council of Belgium
- Bhutan: Privy Council of Bhutan
- Brunei: Privy Council of Brunei
- Canada: Queen's Privy Council for Canada
- Cambodia: Supreme Privy Council of His Majesty the King of Cambodia
- Denmark: Danish Council of State
- Jamaica: Privy Council of Jamaica
- Norway: Norwegian Council of State
- Netherlands: Dutch Council of State
- Thailand: Privy Council of Thailand
- Tonga: Privy Council of Tonga
- United Kingdom: Her Majesty’s Most Honourable Privy Council
Former or dormant privy councilsEdit
- Austrian Empire, Austria-Hungary, Geheimrat
- Brazil: His Imperial Majesty's Council (honorific title, some members were part of the Council of Ministers or the Council of State, abolished by a coup in 1889)
- Burma: Byedaik (abolished 1885)
- China: Grand Council (abolished 1898)
- England: Privy Council of England (in 1707 merged into the Privy Council of Great Britain)
- Ethiopia: Crown Council of Ethiopia (abolished 1974, revived in pretence 1987)
- France: Conseil du Roi (abolished 1799 and replaced by the Conseil d'État)
- Germany: Geheimrat (abolished 1918 and replaced with the State Council 1919-1933, and the Federal Council from 1949)
- Greece: Council of State, initially established as a Privy council by King Otto in 1835 (abolished in 1865, re-established in 1929 as the senior administrative court of Greece.
- Hanover: Privy Council of Hanover (abolished 1866)
- Kingdom of Hawaii: (Kingdom of Hawaii overthrown 1893)
- Kingdom of Ireland (and later United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland): Privy Council of Ireland (retained following the coming into effect of the Act of Union 1800, but dormant from 1922)
- Japan: Privy Council of Japan (abolished 1947)
- Laos: King's Council (Laos) (monarchy abolished 1975)
- Northern Ireland: Privy Council of Northern Ireland (made dormant 1972)
- Portugal: His Most Faithful Majesty's Council (monarchy abolished in 1910)
- Russia: Supreme Privy Council (abolished 1730)
- Scotland: Privy Council of Scotland (abolished on 1 May 1708, replaced by the Privy Council of Great Britain)
- Sweden: Privy Council of Sweden (abolished 1789)
- Thailand: Supreme Council of State of Siam (abolished 1932)
- Yugoslavia: Privy Council of Yugoslavia (abolished 1945, revived in pretence 1990 and replaced by the Privy Council of Serbia in 2006)
- Coradini, Odaci Luiz (February 1997). "Grandes Famílias e Elite 'Profissional' na Medicina no Brasil" [Important Families and the 'Professional' Elite within Brazilian Medicine]. História, Ciências, Saúde—Manguinhos (in Portuguese). Rio de Janeiro: Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. III (3): 425–466.
- "Privy Council Records". National Records of Scotland. Retrieved 8 January 2017.
- O'Gorman, Frank (2016). The Long Eighteenth Century: British Political and Social History 1688-1832. Bloomsbury Publishing. p. 65. ISBN 9781472507747.
- Black, Jeremy (1993). The politics of Britain, 1688-1800. Manchester University Press. p. 13. ISBN 0719037611.