Henry Howard, 13th Duke of Norfolk

Henry Charles Howard, 13th Duke of Norfolk, KG, PC (12 August 1791 – 18 February 1856), styled Earl of Surrey between 1815 and 1842, was a British Whig politician and peer.


The Duke of Norfolk

Shield of arms of Henry Howard, 13th Duke of Norfolk, KG, PC, Earl Marshal.png
Shield of arms
Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard
In office
6 July 1841 – 30 August 1841
MonarchVictoria
Prime MinisterThe Viscount Melbourne
Preceded byThe Earl of Ilchester
Succeeded byThe Marquess of Lothian
Master of the Horse
In office
11 July 1846 – 21 February 1852
MonarchVictoria
Prime MinisterLord John Russell
Preceded byThe Earl of Jersey
Succeeded byThe Earl of Jersey
Lord Steward of the Household
In office
4 January 1853 – 10 January 1854
MonarchVictoria
Prime MinisterThe Earl of Aberdeen
Preceded byThe Duke of Montrose
Succeeded byThe Earl Spencer
Personal details
Born12 August 1791 (1791-08-12)
Died18 February 1856 (1856-02-19) (aged 64)
NationalityBritish
Political partyWhig
Spouse(s)Lady Charlotte Leveson-Gower
ChildrenHenry Fitzalan-Howard, 14th Duke of Norfolk
Edward Fitzalan-Howard, 1st Baron Howard of Glossop
Mary Foley, Baroness Foley
Lord Bernard Fitzalan-Howard
Lady Adeliza Manners
ParentsBernard Edward Howard, 12th Duke of Norfolk
Lady Elizabeth Belasyse

BackgroundEdit

Norfolk was the son of Bernard Edward Howard, 12th Duke of Norfolk, and Lady Elizabeth, daughter of Henry Belasyse, 2nd Earl Fauconberg.[1] He gained the courtesy title Earl of Surrey when his father succeeded as Duke of Norfolk in 1815.

Political careerEdit

On 4 May 1829 Norfolk, then Earl of Surrey, was elected to the House of Commons for Horsham. When he took his seat he became the first Roman Catholic to sit in the House after Catholic emancipation.[2] Surrey held the Horsham seat until 1832,[3] and then represented West Sussex between 1832 and 1841.[4] He was sworn of the Privy Council in 1837[5] and served under Lord Melbourne as Treasurer of the Household between 1837 and 1841.[6] In the latter year he was summoned to the House of Lords through a writ of acceleration in his father's junior title of Baron Maltravers,[7] and served briefly under Melbourne as Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard between July[8] and August 1841. The following year he succeeded his father in the dukedom of Norfolk.[1]

When the Whigs returned to office under Lord John Russell in 1846, Norfolk was made Master of the Horse,[9] a position he retained until the government fell in 1852.[10] He later served as Lord Steward of the Household in Lord Aberdeen's coalition government between 1853[11] and 1854.[12] He was invested as a Knight of the Garter in 1848.[13]

In 1854, Norfolk agreed to lease land to Sheffield Cricket Club near Bramall Lane for ninety-nine years, a site which is now home to Sheffield United.[citation needed]

FamilyEdit

Norfolk married Lady Charlotte Sophia Leveson-Gower, daughter of George Leveson-Gower, 1st Duke of Sutherland, in 1814. They had five children:

Norfolk died in February 1856, aged 64, and was succeeded in the dukedom by his eldest son, Henry. The Duchess of Norfolk died in July 1870.[1]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c thepeerage.com Henry Charles Howard, 13th Duke of Norfolk
  2. ^ History of Parliament 1820-1832 vol I p. 253.
  3. ^ "leighrayment.com House of Commons: Horncastle to Hythe". Archived from the original on 24 January 2013. Retrieved 11 November 2009.
  4. ^ "leighrayment.com House of Commons: Sudbury to Swindon South". Archived from the original on 18 August 2018. Retrieved 11 November 2009.
  5. ^ "No. 19524". The London Gazette. 21 July 1837. p. 1874.
  6. ^ "No. 19994". The London Gazette. 29 June 1841. p. 1683.
  7. ^ "No. 20007". The London Gazette. 13 August 1841. p. 2072.
  8. ^ "No. 19996". The London Gazette. 6 July 1841. p. 1753.
  9. ^ "No. 20622". The London Gazette. 14 July 1846. p. 2585.
  10. ^ Chisholm 1911, p. 744.
  11. ^ "No. 21401". The London Gazette. 11 January 1853. p. 72.
  12. ^ "No. 21511". The London Gazette. 13 January 1854. p. 109.
  13. ^ "No. 20853". The London Gazette. 5 May 1848. p. 1745.

External linksEdit

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Robert Hurst
Nicholas Ridley-Colborne
Member of Parliament for Horsham
1829–1832
With: Nicholas Ridley-Colborne
Succeeded by
Robert Henry Hurst
New constituency Member of Parliament for West Sussex
18321841
With: Lord John Lennox
Succeeded by
Charles Wyndham
The Earl of March
Political offices
Preceded by
Sir William Henry Fremantle
Treasurer of the Household
1837–1841
Succeeded by
Hon. George Byng
Preceded by
The Earl of Ilchester
Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard
1841
Succeeded by
The Marquess of Lothian
Preceded by
The Earl of Jersey
Master of the Horse
1846–1852
Succeeded by
The Earl of Jersey
Preceded by
The Duke of Montrose
Lord Steward of the Household
1853–1854
Succeeded by
The Earl Spencer
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Duke of Norfolk
Earl Marshal
1842–1856
Succeeded by
The Duke of Norfolk
Peerage of England
Preceded by
Bernard Edward Howard
Duke of Norfolk
1842 – 1856
Succeeded by
Henry Granville Fitzalan-Howard
Baron Maltravers
(writ of acceleration)

1841 – 1856