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Charles Gordon-Lennox, 6th Duke of Richmond

Charles Henry Gordon-Lennox, 6th Duke of Richmond, 6th Duke of Lennox, and 1st Duke of Gordon, KG, PC (27 February 1818 – 27 September 1903), styled Lord Settrington until 1819 and Earl of March between 1819 and 1860, was a British Conservative politician.


The Duke of Richmond

Charles Henry Gordon-Lennox, 6th Duke of Richmond, 6th Duke of Lennox, and 1st Duke of Gordon.jpg
President of the Board of Trade
In office
8 March 1867 – 1 December 1868
MonarchVictoria
Prime MinisterThe Earl of Derby
Benjamin Disraeli
Preceded bySir Stafford Northcote, Bt
Succeeded byJohn Bright
In office
24 June 1885 – 19 August 1885
MonarchVictoria
Prime MinisterThe Marquess of Salisbury
Preceded byJoseph Chamberlain
Succeeded byHon. Edward Stanhope
Lord President of the Council
In office
21 February 1874 – 28 April 1880
MonarchVictoria
Prime MinisterBenjamin Disraeli
Preceded byThe Lord Aberdare
Succeeded byThe Earl Spencer
Personal details
Born27 February 1818 (1818-02-27)
Richmond House, London
Died27 September 1903(1903-09-27) (aged 85)
Gordon Castle, Morayshire
NationalityBritish
Political partyConservative
Spouse(s)Frances Harriett Greville
Children6, including Charles and Walter
ParentsCharles Lennox, 5th Duke of Richmond
Lady Caroline Paget
Alma materChrist Church, Oxford

Contents

Background and educationEdit

Born at Richmond House, London, he was the son of Charles Lennox, 5th Duke of Richmond and Lennox and Lady Caroline, daughter of Field Marshal Henry Paget, 1st Marquess of Anglesey. He was educated at Westminster and Christ Church, Oxford, where he had a short career as a cricketer. He served in the Royal Horse Guards and was aide-de-camp to the Duke of Wellington.

Political careerEdit

March entered politics as member for Sussex West in 1841. He was sworn of the Privy Council in 1859. In 1860, he succeeded his father as Duke of Richmond and entered the House of Lords. He chaired the Royal Commission on Capital Punishment, which reported in 1866, and the Royal Commission on Water Supply in 1869, which concluded that there was a need for some sort of overall planning of water supplies for domestic use.[1]

He was made a Knight of the Garter in 1867, and filled various positions in government in the Conservative administrations of the Earl of Derby, Disraeli and the marquess of Salisbury.[2] In 1876 he was rewarded for his public service by being created Duke of Gordon and Earl of Kinrara in the peerage of the United Kingdom.[3] He was also Chancellor of the University of Aberdeen from 1861 until his death at Gordon Castle in 1903.

FamilyEdit

 
49 Belgrave Square, his London house
 
Garter encircled arms of Charles Gordon-Lennox, 6th Duke of Richmond, KG, as displayed on his Order of the Garter stall plate in St. George's Chapel.

Richmond married Frances Harriett Greville, daughter of Algernon Greville, on 28 November 1843. They had six children:

  • Lady Caroline Gordon-Lennox (12 October 1844 – 2 November 1934), who acted as chatelaine of Goodwood after her mother's death in 1887. She died unmarried in 1934 [4]
  • Charles Gordon-Lennox, 7th Duke of Richmond (1845–1928)
  • Lord Algernon Charles Gordon-Lennox (19 September 1847 – 3 October 1921), married Blanche Maynard and had issue one daughter, Ivy Gordon-Lennox, (16 June 1887 – 3 March 1982), who m. William Cavendish-Bentinck, 7th Duke of Portland.
  • Captain Lord Francis Charles Gordon-Lennox (30 July 1849 – 1 January 1886), died unmarried
  • Lady Florence Gordon-Lennox (21 June 1851 – 21 July 1895), died unmarried
  • Lord Walter Charles Gordon-Lennox (29 July 1865 – 21 October 1922), married Alice Ogilvie-Grant and had issue

AncestryEdit

BibliographyEdit

  • Porter, Elizabeth (1978). Water Management in England and Wales. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-21865-8.
  • Torrance, David (2006). The Scottish Secretaries. Birlinn. ISBN 978-1-84158-476-8.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Porter 1978, p. 24.
  2. ^ McNeill, Ronald John (1911). "Richmond, Earls and Dukes of" . In Chisholm, Hugh (ed.). Encyclopædia Britannica. 23 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 307.
  3. ^   One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Lennox". Encyclopædia Britannica. 16 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 420.
  4. ^ "Lady Caroline Gordon Lennox". Gordon Chapel.

External linksEdit

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Lord John Lennox
Earl of Surrey
Member of Parliament for Sussex West
1841–1860
With: Charles Wyndham 1841–1847
Richard Prime 1847–1854
Hon. Henry Wyndham 1854–1860
Succeeded by
Hon. Henry Wyndham
Sir Walter Bartelott, Bt
Political offices
Preceded by
Sir Stafford Northcote, Bt
President of the Board of Trade
1867–1868
Succeeded by
John Bright
Preceded by
The Lord Aberdare
Lord President of the Council
1874–1880
Succeeded by
The Earl Spencer
Preceded by
Joseph Chamberlain
President of the Board of Trade
1885
Succeeded by
Hon. Edward Stanhope
Preceded by
New Office
Secretary for Scotland
1885–1886
Succeeded by
George Trevelyan
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Earl Fife
Lord Lieutenant of Banffshire
1879–1903
Succeeded by
The Duke of Richmond
Party political offices
Preceded by
The Lord Cairns
Leader of the Conservative Party in the House of Lords
1870–1876
Succeeded by
The Earl of Beaconsfield
Peerage of England
Preceded by
Charles Gordon-Lennox
Duke of Richmond
3rd creation
1860–1903
Succeeded by
Charles Gordon-Lennox
Peerage of Scotland
Preceded by
Charles Gordon-Lennox
Duke of Lennox
2nd creation
1860–1903
Succeeded by
Charles Gordon-Lennox
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Duke of Gordon
2nd creation
1876–1903
Succeeded by
Charles Gordon-Lennox
French nobility
Preceded by
Charles Gordon-Lennox
Duke of Aubigny
1860–1903
Succeeded by
Charles Gordon-Lennox