Ronald McNeill, 1st Baron Cushendun
The Lord Cushendun
|Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster|
19 October 1927 – 4 June 1929
|Prime Minister||Stanley Baldwin|
|Preceded by||The Viscount Cecil of Chelwood|
|Succeeded by||Sir Oswald Mosley|
|Financial Secretary to the Treasury|
5 November 1925 – 1 November 1927
|Preceded by||Walter Guinness|
|Succeeded by||Arthur Samuel|
|Born||30 April 1861|
|Died||12 October 1934 (aged 73)|
Cushendun, County Antrim, Northern Ireland
Background and educationEdit
McNeill was born in Ulster. He was the son of Edmund McNeill, DL, JP, and Sheriff of County Antrim, and his wife Mary (née Miller). He was educated at Harrow and Christ Church, Oxford, graduating in 1886. He was called to the bar in 1888, and started to work as editor of The St James's Gazette (1900–04) as well as assistant editor of the Encyclopædia Britannica (1906–10).
Having unsuccessfully contested the seats of West Aberdeenshire (1906), Aberdeen South (1907 and Jan 1910), and Kirkcudbrightshire (Dec 1910), McNeill was elected as Unionist Member of Parliament for the St Augustine's division of Kent in 1911. Seven years later he became representative for Canterbury, and in 1922 was appointed Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, a post he held, with a short interval for the first Labour Government of 1924, until 1925.
After serving as Financial Secretary to the Treasury for two years, McNeill was made Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster with a seat in the cabinet in 1927. The same year he was also sworn of the Privy Council and, in November 1927, raised to the peerage as The Baron Cushendun, of Cushendun in the County of Antrim. Acting Foreign Secretary in 1928 and twice chief British representative to the League of Nations, Lord Cushendun signed the Kellogg-Briand Pact in August that year. He retired from office in 1929.
Cushendun and Glenmona HouseEdit
From 1910, McNeill resided, when not in London, at Glenmona House in Cushendun, the coastal village in the Glens of Antrim in County Antrim from which he later took his title. He was burnt out of the house in 1922, having a replacement built that was designed by Clough Williams-Ellis. The village also contains buildings designed by Williams-Ellis, built in memory of Lord Cushendun's Cornish wife, Maud, who died in 1925.
In 1884, the future Lord Cushendun married Elizabeth Maud Bolitho (brother of William Bolitho), a Cornishwoman and Christian Scientist. They had three daughters: Esther Rose, Loveday Violet, and Mary Morvenna Bolitho (who married Major Philip Le Grand Gribble, military correspondent and memoirist). After Elizabeth's death in 1925 he married Catherine Sydney Louisa Margesson in 1930. She survived him, dying in 1939. Lord Cushendun died in Cushendun in October 1934, aged 73, when the barony became extinct.
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Table of contributors. Encyclopædia Britannica. 17 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. xii.
- "No. 33327". The London Gazette. 8 November 1927. p. 7113.
- "Glenmona House, National Trust". National Trust for Places of Historic Interest or Natural Beauty. Retrieved 20 July 2017.
- Gribble, Phillip (1964). Off the Cuff. London: Phoenix House. p. 35.
- Cokayne, George (1982). The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct, or Dormant. XIII. Gloucester, England: A. Sutton. p. 433. ISBN 0-904387-82-8.
|Wikisource has original works written by or about:|
Ronald McNeill, 1st Baron Cushendun
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Ronald McNeill
- Portraits of Ronald McNeill, 1st Baron Cushendun at the National Portrait Gallery, London
- Works by Ronald McNeill, 1st Baron Cushendun at Project Gutenberg
- Works by or about Ronald McNeill, 1st Baron Cushendun at Internet Archive
- Alexander Thom and Son Ltd. 1923. p. – via Wikisource. . . Dublin: