Alexander Thom (almanac editor)

Alexander Thom (1801–1879) was a Scottish publisher, the founder of Thom's Irish Almanac.

Thom's Irish who's who (1923)

LifeEdit

He was born at Findhorn in Moray, the son of the writer and journalist Walter Thom. He was educated at the High School, Edinburgh, and went to Dublin at age 20 to assist his father in the management of the Dublin Journal. On his father's death he obtained, through the influence of Sir Robert Peel, the contract for printing for the post office in Ireland. In 1838 he obtained the contract for the printing for all royal commissions in Ireland, and in 1876 was appointed to the post of Queen's Printer for Ireland.[1]

In 1844 Thom founded the work for which he is known, the Irish Almanac and Official Directory, which became a leader in its field. It incorporated statistics relating to Ireland.[1] Thom supervised its publication for over 30 years, passing the copyright to his son-in-law Frederick Pilkington in 1876.[2] "Thom's Directory" was revised annually; in 1960 it was split into Thom's Dublin Street Directory and Thom's Commercial Directory, revised in alternate years until 2012.[3] James Joyce relied heavily on the 1904 edition when writing Ulysses.[4]

In 1860 he published for free distribution A Collection of Tracts and Treatises illustrative of the Natural History, Antiquities, and the Political and Social State of Ireland, two volumes[5][6] which contain reprints of writers on Irish affairs in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Included are works of James Ware, Edmund Spenser, Sir John Davies, William Petty, George Berkeley, and others such as Gerard Boate, Thomas Prior and Arthur Dobbs.[1]

In 1878, during a printers' strike in Dublin, Thom sent work to Scotland. The resulting publicity brought the issue to the attention of the Westminster Parliament.[7]

Thom, who was twice married, died at his residence, Donnycarney House, near Dublin, on 22 December 1879.[1][8]

List of Thom's Directories available free onlineEdit

  • Thom's Irish Almanac and Official Directory with the Post Office Dublin City and County Directory, 4th Annual Publication (1847) - (Alexander Thom) (village listings for South Dublin County)[9]
  • Thom's Irish Almanac and Official Directory with the Post Office Dublin City and County Directory, 7th Annual Publication (1850) - (Alexander Thom)[10]
  • Thom's Irish Almanac and Official Directory with the Post Office Dublin City and County Directory, 8th Annual Publication (1851) - (Alexander Thom)[11]
  • Thom's Irish Almanac and Official Directory with the Post Office Dublin City and County Directory, 9th Annual Publication (1852) - (Alexander Thom)[12]
  • Thom's Irish Almanac and Official Directory with the Post Office Dublin City and County Directory, 14th Annual Publication (1857) - (Alexander Thom)[13]
  • Thom's Irish Almanac and Official Directory with the Post Office Dublin City and County Directory, 16th Annual Publication (1859) - (Alexander Thom)[14]
  • Thom's Irish Almanac and Official Directory of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, 19th Annual Publication (1862)[15][16]
  • Thom's Irish Almanac and Official Directory of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, 27th Annual Publication (1870) - (Alexander Thom)[17]
  • Thom's Irish Almanac and Official Directory of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, 30th Annual Publication (1873) - (Alexander Thom)[18]
  • Thom's Irish Almanac and Official Directory of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, 31st Annual Publication (1874) - (Alexander Thom)[19]
  • Thom's Irish Almanac and Official Directory of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, 33rd Annual Publication (1876) - (Alexander Thom)[20]
  • Thom's Irish Almanac and Official Directory of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, 34th Annual Publication (1877) - (Alexander Thom) (village descriptions and listings for the South Dublin County area)[21]
  • Thom's Irish Almanac and Official Directory of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, 35th Annual Publication (1878) - (Alexander Thom)[22]
  • Thom's Official Directory of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, 41st Annual Publication (1884) [23]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d "Thom, Alexander" . Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.
  2. ^ Benson, C. J. "Thom, Alexander". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/27189. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  3. ^ "Thoms Commercial and Street Directories - Thoms.ie". 11 September 2019. Archived from the original on 11 September 2019.
  4. ^ Ó Gráda, Cormac (Summer 2004). "Lost in Little Jerusalem: Leopold Bloom and Irish Jewry". Journal of Modern Literature. 27 (4): 17–26 : 23. doi:10.2979/JML.2004.27.4.17. JSTOR 3831802.
  5. ^ James Hewitt, 4th Viscount Lifford (1860). A collection of tracts and treatises illustrative of the natural history, antiquities, and the political and social state of Ireland: at various periods prior to the present century (I). Reprinted by A. Thom.
  6. ^ James Hewitt, 4th Viscount Lifford (1861). A collection of tracts and treatises illustrative of the natural history, antiquities, and the political and social state of Ireland: at various periods prior to the present century (II). Reprinted by A. Thom. Retrieved 28 April 2012.
  7. ^ Laurel Brake; Marysa Demoor (2009). Dictionary of Nineteenth-Century Journalism in Great Britain and Ireland. Academia Press. p. 623. ISBN 978-90-382-1340-8.
  8. ^ "Our Lady of Consolation, Donnycarney Church". www.donnycarneyparish.ie. Retrieved 12 October 2021.
  9. ^ n/a, n/a (12 February 1847). "Thom's Irish Almanac and Official Directory with Post Office Dublin City and County Directory for the year 1847". source.southdublinlibraries.ie. Archived from the original on 19 July 2020. Retrieved 19 July 2020.
  10. ^ "Thom's directory of Ireland. 1850". HathiTrust. Archived from the original on 26 September 2021. Retrieved 28 May 2020.
  11. ^ "Thom's Directory 1851 (Google Books)". 1851. Archived from the original on 26 September 2021. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  12. ^ "Thom's Directory 1852 (Google Books)". 1852. Archived from the original on 26 September 2021. Retrieved 28 September 2020.
  13. ^ "Thom's Directory 1857 (Google Books)". 1857. Archived from the original on 26 September 2021. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  14. ^ Thom, Alexander (1859). "Thom's Directory 1859 (Google Books)". Archived from the original on 26 September 2021. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  15. ^ "Thom's Irish Almanac and Official Directory with the Post Office Dublin City and County Directory for the Year 1862". source.southdublinlibraries.ie. 1862. Retrieved 12 October 2021.
  16. ^ "Dublin Street Directory, 1862". www.libraryireland.com. Retrieved 12 October 2021.
  17. ^ "Thom's directory of Ireland. 1870". HathiTrust. Archived from the original on 26 September 2021. Retrieved 28 May 2020.
  18. ^ "Thom's Directory 1873 (Google Books)". 1873. Archived from the original on 26 September 2021. Retrieved 28 September 2020.
  19. ^ "Thom's Directory 1874 (Google Books)". 1874. Archived from the original on 26 September 2021. Retrieved 28 September 2020.
  20. ^ "Thom's Directory 1876 (Google Books)". 1876. Archived from the original on 26 September 2021. Retrieved 28 September 2020.
  21. ^ n/a, n/a (12 February 1877). "Thom's Irish Almanac and Official Directory of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland for the Year 1877". source.southdublinlibraries.ie. Archived from the original on 4 February 2020. Retrieved 28 May 2020.
  22. ^ "Thom's Directory 1878 (Google Books)". 1878. Archived from the original on 26 September 2021. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  23. ^ "Vol. 1884 : Thom's official directory of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland". A. Thom – via Internet Archive.
Attribution

  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain"Thom, Alexander". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.

External linksEdit