Earl of Cranbrook

Earl of Cranbrook, in the County of Kent, is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.[1] The family seat is Great Glemham House, near Saxmundham, Suffolk.

Earl of Cranbrook
Earl of Cranbrook COA.svg
Arms of the Earl of Cranbrook

Blazon

Arms: Quarterly: 1st & 4th, Argent, on a Bend invected, plain cotised Gules, three Catherine Wheels Or, on a Chief Gules, three Leopard’s Faces Or (Hardy); 2nd & 3rd, Per pale Argent and Or, a Bend compony Azure and Gules, between two Pellets, each within an Annulet Sable (Gathorne). Crests: 1st: a Dexter Arm embowed in armour proper, garnished Or, entwined with a Branch of Oak Vert, charged with two Catherine Wheels Gules, one above and one below the elbow, the hand grasping a Dragon’s Head erased proper (Hardy); 2nd: in front of a Wolf’s Head erased Argent, a Staff raguly fesswise Or (Gathorne). Supporters: On either side a Leopard guardant proper, gorged with a Collar Gules, pendant therefrom an Escutcheon Gules charged with a Catherine Wheel Or.

Creation date22 August 1892
MonarchQueen Victoria
PeeragePeerage of the United Kingdom
First holderGathorne Gathorne-Hardy, 1st Earl of Cranbrook
Present holderGathorne Gathorne-Hardy, 5th Earl of Cranbrook
Heir apparentJohn Gathorne-Hardy, Lord Medway
Remainder tothe 1st Earl's heirs male of the body
Subsidiary titlesViscount Cranbrook
Baron Medway
StatusExtant
MottoARMÉ DE FOI HARDI
(Armed with hardy faith)

Creation and 1st EarlEdit

It was created in 1892 for the prominent Conservative politician Gathorne Gathorne-Hardy, 1st Viscount Cranbrook. He notably held office as Home Secretary, Secretary of State for War and Secretary of State for India. Gathorne-Hardy had already been created Viscount Cranbrook, of Hemsted in the County of Kent, in 1878,[2] and was made Baron Medway, of Hemsted in the County of Kent, at the same time he was given the earldom. The latter title is used as a courtesy title for the Earl's eldest son and heir apparent.

Second earlEdit

Lord Cranbrook's eldest son, the second Earl, represented Rye, Mid Kent and Medway in the House of Commons as a Conservative.

Fourth earlEdit

John David Gathorne-Hardy, 4th Earl of Cranbrook (who was previously married to Bridget D'Oyly Carte). Second marriage to Fidelity (4), (born in 1912, JP), married on 26 July 1932 and had five children: Gathorne, 5th Earl of Cranbrook, 1933-; Hugh 1941-; Juliet 1934-; (Catherine) Sophia 1936-; Christina 1940-

Fifth and current earlEdit

As of 2010 the titles are held by the latter's great-grandson, the fifth Earl, who succeeded his father in 1978. He is a zoologist and environmental biologist, who was awarded the Royal Geographical Society's Founder's Gold Medal in 1995.[3]

Other members of the familyEdit

Hon. Alfred Gathorne-Hardy, third son of the first Earl, sat as a Member of Parliament for Canterbury and East Grinstead. Another member of the family was the writer Jonathan Gathorne-Hardy, a son of Hon. Anthony Gathorne-Hardy, youngest son of the third Earl.

Earls of Cranbrook (1892)Edit

 
Gathorne Gathorne-Hardy, 1st Earl of Cranbrook

The heir apparent is the present holder's son John Jason Gathorne-Hardy, Lord Medway (b. 1968).

Line of successionEdit

  1. John Jason Gathorne-Hardy, Lord Medway (b. 1968)
  2. Hon. Angus Edward Gathorne-Hardy (b. 1973), younger son of the 5th Earl
  3. Hon. Hugh Gathorne-Hardy (b. 1941), younger son of the 4th Earl
  4. Frederick Jasper Gathorne-Hardy (b. 1971), elder son of (3)
  5. Alfred Gathorne-Hardy (b. 1978), younger son of (3)
  6. Benjamin Garthorne-Hardy (b. 1967), great-grandson of the 3rd Earl by his youngest son Hon. Antony Gathorne Gathorne-Hardy (1907-1976) via Jonathan Gathorne-Hardy (1933-2019)
  7. Robert Dee Gathorne-Hardy (b. 1973), grandson of Antony Gathorne Gathorne-Hardy aforesaid via Samuel Gathorne Gathorne-Hardy (1936-2019)

NotesEdit

  1. ^ "No. 26326". The London Gazette. 16 September 1892. p. 5273.
  2. ^ "No. 24578". The London Gazette. 3 May 1878. p. 2862.
  3. ^ Brian G Gardiner, ed. (July 2006). "218th Anniversary Meeting of the Linnean Society ..." (PDF). The Linnean. 22 (3): 36. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-07-08.

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit