Open main menu

George Shepherd, 1st Baron Shepherd

George Robert Shepherd, 1st Baron Shepherd PC (19 August 1881 – 4 December 1954), was a British Labour politician.


The Lord Shepherd

George Shepherd, 1st Baron Shepherd.jpg
George Robert Shepherd, 1st Baron Shepherd and his wife, Ada
Government Chief Whip in the House of Lords
Captain of the Honourable Corps of Gentlemen-at-Arms
In office
18 October 1949 – 5 November 1951
Prime MinisterClement Attlee
Preceded byThe Lord Ammon
Succeeded byThe Earl Fortescue
Government Deputy Chief Whip in the House of Lords
Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard
In office
6 July 1949 – 18 October 1949
Prime MinisterClement Attlee
Preceded byThe Lord Walkden
Succeeded byThe Lord Lucas of Chilworth
Lord-in-waiting
Government Whip
In office
14 October 1948 – 6 July 1949
Prime MinisterClement Attlee
Preceded byThe Lord Lucas of Chilworth
Succeeded byThe Lord Kershaw
Member of the House of Lords
Lord Temporal
In office
28 June 1946 – 4 December 1954
Hereditary Peerage
Preceded byPeerage created
Succeeded byThe 2nd Baron Shepherd
Personal details
Born19 August 1881
Died4 December 1954
Political partyLabour

Contents

Early lifeEdit

Shepherd was the son of George Robert Shepherd, a tailor of Spalding, Lincolnshire. Shepherd began working as an assistant to a cobbler in Bradford, joining a union and, in 1903, also joining the Independent Labour Party (ILP). From 1908, he spent a year working as the full-time ILP organiser for the Midlands, and was then appointed as an agent for the Labour Party in Dundee, where he was election agent for Alexander Wilkie. In 1913, he moved to Blackburn, to serve as agent for Philip Snowden.[1]

He did not serve in the First World War, being a conscientious objector.

CareerEdit

In 1920, Shepherd became Labour Party District Organiser for the London and Southern area.[1] He served as Assistant National Agent for from 1924 to 1929 and National Agent from 1929 to 1946. This meant he was in charge of the Labour Party agents nationwide at the landslide election victory which brought Clement Attlee to No. 10. The Member of parliament for Blackburn was the senior Labour Party politician Sir Stafford Cripps, a post war Chancellor of the Exchequer and this position must have been important to his career in The Labour Party. When Sir Winston Churchill requested that Clement Attlee and the Labour Party enter into a wartime coalition, he negotiated the terms of the coalition agreement with George Shepherd.

House of LordsEdit

On 28 June 1946 he was raised to the peerage as Baron Shepherd, of Spalding in the County of Lincoln,[2] becoming one of the few Labour peers in the House of Lords. Shepherd then served in the Labour administration of Clement Attlee as a Lord-in-waiting (government whip) from 1948 to 1949, as Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard (Deputy Chief Whip in the House of Lords) in 1949 and as Captain of the Honourable Corps of Gentlemen-at-Arms (Chief Whip in the House of Lords) from 1949 to 1951. The latter year he was also sworn of the Privy Council.[3]

Personal lifeEdit

In 1915 he married Ada Newton. She was an active trade unionist and campaigner for women's rights who was supported by the Quaker families of Cadbury, Fry and Rowntree in fighting for a living wage for women. They had a son and a daughter, Margaret who died in 2015.

Lord Shepherd died in December 1954, aged 73, and was succeeded in the barony by his only son Malcolm, who also became a prominent Labour politician and held many of the same offices as George Shepherd.

Styles of addressEdit

  • 1881–1946: Mr George Shepherd
  • 1946–1951: The Rt Hon. The Lord Shepherd
  • 1951–1954: The Rt Hon. The Lord Shepherd PC
Party political offices
Preceded by
Egerton P. Wake
Labour Party National Agent
1929 – 1946
Succeeded by
Richard T. Windle
Political offices
Preceded by
The Lord Walkden
Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard
1949
Succeeded by
The Lord Lucas of Chilworth
Preceded by
The Lord Ammon
Captain of the Honourable Corps of Gentlemen-at-Arms
1949–1951
Succeeded by
The Earl Fortescue
Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
New Creation
Baron Shepherd
1946–1954
Succeeded by
Malcolm Newton Shepherd

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Labour Party, Annual Report of the Forty-Fifth Annual Conference of the Labour Party, p.22
  2. ^ "No. 37637". The London Gazette. 2 July 1946. p. 3394.
  3. ^ "No. 39396". The London Gazette (Supplement). 27 November 1951. p. 6235.