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George Cavendish, 1st Earl of Burlington

George Augustus Henry Cavendish, 1st Earl of Burlington (31 March 1754 – 9 May 1834), styled Lord George Cavendish before 1831, was a British nobleman and politician. He built Burlington Arcade.

The Earl of Burlington
Portrait of Lord George Augustus Henry Cavendish (1754–1834), 1st Earl of Burlington.jpg
Lord Cavendish, 1st Earl of Burlington
Born31 March 1754
Died9 May 1834 (aged 80)[1][2]
Burlington House, London, England[3]
Title1st Earl of Burlington
Lady Elizabeth Compton (m. 1782)
Parent(s)William Cavendish, 4th Duke of Devonshire
Lady Charlotte Boyle



Cavendish was the third son of William Cavendish, 4th Duke of Devonshire and the former Lady Charlotte Boyle, daughter of Richard Boyle, 3rd Earl of Burlington of the first creation, whose title had become extinct upon his death in 1753.[4]

Political careerEdit

Cavendish sat as Member of Parliament for Knaresborough from 1775 to 1780, for Derby from 1780 to 1797 and for Derbyshire from 1797 to 1831. On 10 September 1831 he was raised to the peerage as Baron Cavendish of Keighley, in the County of York, and Earl of Burlington, a revival of the title held by his maternal grandfather. [5]


He had horseracing interests. His racing silks were straw colour with a black cap. [6]


Burlington House

In 1815, Lord Burlington bought Burlington House in Piccadilly from his nephew, the 6th Duke of Devonshire. With the architect Samuel Ware, he made a number of significant modifications to the house, including the building of Burlington Arcade along the west side. He died at Burlington House in 1834 and was buried in All Saint's church, Derby. The property passed to his widow and on her death in 1835 to their son Charles.[7]

Portrait of the Children of Lord George Cavendish, 1790, by Sir Thomas Lawrence

He married Lady Elizabeth Compton, only child of Charles Compton, 7th Earl of Northampton, on 27 February 1782 in London. They had at least 11 children, of whom six children survived to adulthood, although his two eldest sons predeceased him:[4]

The Earl was succeeded in his earldom by William, the son of his own eldest son William, who had been killed in a carriage accident in 1812.[4]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Lodge, Edmund (1867). The Peerage and Baronetage of the British Empire as at Present Existing. Hurst and Blackett. p. 179. Retrieved 8 November 2018.
  2. ^ Debrett's Genealogical Peerage of Great Britain and Ireland. William Pickering. 1847. p. 114. Retrieved 8 November 2018.
  3. ^ "Death of the Earl of Burlington". The Waterford Mail. 14 May 1834. p. 3. Retrieved 8 November 2018.
  4. ^ a b c Mosley, Charles, ed. (2003). Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knighthood (107 ed.). Burke's Peerage & Gentry. pp. 1128–1129. ISBN 0-9711966-2-1.
  5. ^ "CAVENDISH, Lord George Augustus Henry (1754-1834)". History of Parliament Online. Retrieved 31 January 2018.
  6. ^ Weatherby, Edward and James (1801). "COLOURS WORN BY THE RIDERS OF THE FOLLOWING NOBLEMEN, GENTLEMEN, &c". Racing Calendar. 28: 52.
  7. ^ "Burlington House". British History Online. Retrieved 31 January 2018.

External linksEdit

Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Sir Anthony Thomas Abdy, Bt
Hon Robert Walsingham
Member of Parliament for Knaresborough
With: Hon Robert Walsingham
Succeeded by
Hon Robert Walsingham;
Viscount Duncannon
Preceded by
Lord Frederick Cavendish
Daniel Parker Coke
Member of Parliament for Derby
With: Edward Coke
Succeeded by
Edward Coke
George Walpole
Preceded by
Edward Miller Mundy
Lord John Cavendish
Member of Parliament for Derbyshire
With: Edward Miller Mundy
Succeeded by
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Parliament of Great Britain
Member of Parliament for Derbyshire
With: Edward Miller Mundy 1801–22
Francis Mundy 1822–31
Hon. George Venables-Vernon 1831
Succeeded by
Hon. George Venables-Vernon
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Earl of Burlington
Succeeded by
William Cavendish